Royal Chapel of St. Anthony of La Florida

From Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Template:Infobox Historic Site The Royal Chapel of St. Anthony of La Florida (Template:Lang-es) is a Neoclassical chapel in central Madrid. The chapel is best known for its ceiling and dome frescoes by Goya. It is also his burial place.

File:Francisco de Goya y Lucientes 041.jpg
Goya's fresco depicting the legend of Saint Anthony reviving a dead man

History

The chapel was built in the general location of two prior chapels built in the 1730s, which were on the land of a farm called La Florida. The present structure was built by Felipe Fontana from 1792 to 1798 on the orders of King Carlos IV, who also commissioned the frescoes by Goya and his assistant Asensio Juliá.<ref name="historia">Template:Cite web</ref>

The structure was declared a national monument in 1905.<ref name="historia"/> In 1919 Goya's remains were transferred here from Bordeaux, where he had died in 1828.<ref name="historia"/> In 1928 an identical chapel was built alongside the original, in order to allow the original to be converted into a museum.<ref name="historia"/><ref name="masterpiece">Template:Cite web</ref>

On every June 13, the chapel becomes the site of a lively pilgrimage in which young unwed women come to pray to Saint Anthony and to ask for a partner.<ref name="devocion">Template:Cite web</ref>

Frescoes

The frescoes by Goya were completed over a six-month period in 1798. The frescoes portray miracles by Saint Anthony of Padua. On the main cupola of the chapel Goya depicted Saint Anthony raising a dead man; instead of portraying the scene as occurring in thirteenth-century Lisbon, Goya relocated the miracle to contemporary Madrid.<ref name="masterpiece"/>

References

Template:Reflist

External links

Template:Commons category-inline