Sant Adrià de Besòs railway station
Sant Adrià de Besòs and Estació de Sant Adrià are the respective names of a Rodalies de Catalunya station and a Trambesòs stop together forming an interchange complex in Sant Adrià de Besòs, Catalonia, Spain, to the north of Barcelona. It lies on the east side of the Besòs River, near its mouth. The Rodalies station is on Maresme Line and is served by Barcelona commuter rail line R1, while the Trambesòs stop is served by routes T4 and T6.
This rail interchange complex became very famous in 2004 during the celebration of the Universal Forum of Cultures in Barcelona since it is the closest railway station to the Forum area. The opening of Trambesòs that year allowed the railway station to be linked with that area of Barcelona by tram through route T4, and also became the only stop of the whole Trambesòs network that provides an interchange to some kind of heavy rail services.
Although the first railway line in the Iberian Peninsula, which travelled from Barcelona to Mataró, passed through Sant Adrià de Besòs, it did not have any kind of stop in the municipality when it was opened on October 18, 1848. However, the opening of the railway line was a major boost for communications in the area and involved the creation of several branch lines linked to local factories as well as the construction of the first bridge over the Besòs River, which was made of wood and was 1,127 feet long. In 1888, with the opening of a steam tram line that travelled from Barcelona to Badalona, communications in the area were further improved and a halt in the municipality to serve this new tram line was built.<ref name="historia">Template:Cite book</ref>
In mid-1933, and because of popular demand, Compañía de los Ferrocarriles de Madrid a Zaragoza y Alicante (M.Z.A.) started the economic process to build a halt on the Barcelona–Mataró Railway in Sant Adrià de Besòs. Finally, the new station officially started services on 10 October of that year, and shortly after its opening, the station became quickly crowded and at the same time an important meeting point for town. After the opening ceremony of the new station, a celebration was held at the nearby Can Matacàs, which was one of the most famous local bars. That newly opened station was mainly served by commuter trains and did not have any ticket office so that tickets had to be bought on-train.<ref name="historia" />
On May 8, 2004, the day before the inauguration of the Universal Forum of Cultures in Barcelona, the first section of the Trambesòs network, which travelled from Plaça de les Glòries Catalanes to this stop, was opened as part of route T4. Four years later, on June 15, 2008, route T6, which travelled from Estació de Sant Adrià to Gorg station in Badalona via the neighborhood of La Mina, started serving this stop. Since February 20, 2012, and due to a restructuring of the network, route T6 still passes through La Mina, but instead of terminating in Badalona, it does it at Glòries.
The Rodalies de Catalunya station consists of two tracks served by their respective side platforms, which are partially covered by metal shelters and communicated by an underpass equipped with stairs and elevators. A small station building is located on the left side of the tracks, looking north, which consists of a single storey where there is a hall equipped with the ticket gates to the platforms, ticket vending machines and a ticket office. On platform 1, there are also some ticket gates that link it directly to the street and the Trambesòs stop, which is located parallel to the station.
The Trambesòs stop lies on the sea side of the Rodalies station, at the same level, and both are almost joined, providing direct interchange between the two transport modes. The stop has two tracks served by an island platform equipped with the usual TRAM shelter where there are ticket vending machines and information screens. As it is the terminus stop of Trambesòs in Sant Adrià de Besòs, platforms are slightly longer so that four trams can be parked, two on each track.
In recent years, a kind of lifting platforms for wheelchair people situated at the accesses to the underpass of the Rodalies station were installed, though they did not work very often and had received several complaints from a local association of physically disabled people. In mid-2010, a complete renovation of the station with a budget of €740,000 was announced by Adif, the manager of the station, in order to increase the station's accessibility. The works were completed on Template:Start date and involved the renovation of the railway platforms to facilitate the access to the trains as well as the installation of two elevators in order to replace those lifting platforms, among other upgrading operations.
On the other hand, the Trambesòs stop, as well as the rest of TRAM stops, was already designed to be accessible.
- Sant Adrià de Besòs listing at Rodalies de Catalunya website
- Photo gallery of the Trambesòs stop at TRAMvia.org Template:Es icon
- Upcoming departures and location information about the Trambesòs stop at Google Maps
- Information and photos about the Rodalies station and the Trambesòs stop at Trenscat.com Template:Ca icon
- Picture of the opening ceremony of the station in 1933 from the Sant Adrià de Besòs City Council website