Slavín (Prague)

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Slavín is a tomb at the Vyšehrad Cemetery in Prague. Many notable Czech personalities are interred in the tomb.

History

The idea of the establishment of the pantheon, a joint last resting place of outstanding Czech personalities, appeared in the 1880s. The initiators were Vyšehrad provost and Mikuláš Karlach and Smíchov Mayor Petr Mat?j Fischer, who also help to finance the monument.

Project of the monumental tomb was designed by architect Antonín Wiehl. Slavín was subsequently built in the years 1889-1893 on the eastern side of the Vyšehrad Cemetery. Sculptural decorations were made by sculptors Josef Mauder and Václav Levý. The first burial in the tomb occurred eight years after its completion.

In 1901, poet Julius Zeyer was buried here as the first person. The last person interred at Slavín was conductor Rafael Kubelík in 2006. The tomb contains 44 burial tombs, mostly with coffins, some urns are stored as well. The remains of 55 people are currently interred in Slavín.

Notable interments

Poets and writers

Julius Zeyer, Josef Václav Sládek, Jaroslav Vrchlický, R?žena Svobodová, Jan Klecanda, Jaroslav Hilbert, Antonín Klášterský, František Xaver Svoboda, Josef Hora, Karel Toman, Marie Pujmanová, Josef Štefan Kubín

Actors

Otýlie Beníšková, Zden?k Št?pánek, Vít?zslav Vejražka, Eduard Kohout, Ladislav Bohá?, Jaroslav Marvan

Painters

Vojt?ch Hynais, Alfons Mucha, Václav Špála, Antonín Pelc, Antonín Strnadel

Sculptors

Josef Václav Myslbek, Jan Štursa, Bohumil Kafka, Ladislav Šaloun, Jan Lauda

Opera singers

Ema Destinnová, Otakar Ma?ák, Vilém Zítek, Richard Kubla, Kamila Ungrová, Václav Bedná?

Pianists

Jan He?man, František Maxián

Violinists

Jan Kubelík, Jaroslav Kocian, Karel Hoffmann

Architects

Kamil Hilbert, Josef Go?ár, Karel Honzík, Jaroslav Fragner

Inventor

František K?ižík

Conductors and composers

Rafael Kubelík, Oskar Nedbal

Film directors

Ferdinand Pujman, Vojta Novák

Historian

Václav Vladivoj Tomek

Archaeologist

Josef Ladislav Pí?

Philologists

Josef Král, Old?ich Hujer

Literary historian

Jan Václav Novák

Economist

Josef Gruber

Theatre critic and historian

Karel Engelmüller

References

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