Southfields

From Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Template:Other places Template:Infobox UK place Southfields is a suburban district in the London Borough of Wandsworth, England, situated 5.6 miles (9 km) south-west of Charing Cross. Southfields is located partly in the SW18 postcode area and partly in SW19.

History

thumb The history of Southfields has been researched and documented in Neil Robson's 1999 book "Roomy Villas". Until the late 19th century Southfields was still fields, situated between the more developed villages of Wimbledon and Putney. Several of the former pathways through the fields form the routes of parts of today's road system, in particular Wimbledon Park Road and its continuation through Southfields Passage, which was the field path from Wimbledon to Wandsworth, Kimber Road and The Baulk, both of which were field paths and can be seen on old maps of the area. When the District & London & South Western Railway from Wimbledon to Putney Bridge opened in June 1889, the area started to take off, with the first school opening a year later on Merton Road, another of the main thoroughfares that were formerly paths through fields.

The main residential area of Southfields is "The Grid". "The Grid" is a series of parallel roads that are crossed at right angles by a series of parallel streets - so named because of the grid layout of the streets. The roads run from Replingham Road, in the north to Revelstoke Road, in the south, and the streets run from Elsenham Street, in the west, to Astonville Street (although Merton Road to the east of Astonville is the border of "The Grid"). "The Grid" consists almost entirely of Edwardian terrace houses, some of which have been converted into flats in the past, though conversions are no longer permitted on The Grid owing to a change in policy by Wandsworth Borough Council. These Victorian terraced houses were built at the same time as the bordering terraced housing Wimbledon Park and the avenues to the south of The Grid originally had the same names as the streets in Southfields that led to them.

In 1904, the Frame Foods babyfood company opened its factory in Standen Road. The building is in a distinctive art nouveau style, with green ceramic tiles, and the slogan 'Nourish and Flourish' on the exterior. The building has now been coverted into flats. Standen Road was also the home of the Ault & Wiborg printing ink factory. The building on the corner of Kimber Road and Merton Road once housed the HP Sauce factory, until its takeover by Heinz.

In 1926, Southfields became home to London's first Mosque. The Fazl Mosque also known as the London Mosque was built by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and presently serves as the international headquarters of the community.

A restrictive covenant or covenants at one time prevented any pubs from being built in the Southfields "Grid" area. However, in the 1990s, the covenants were apparently judged either to be ineffective or non-existent and two pubs were opened in adjoining premises on the south side of Replingham Road (one since closed, in late 2011).

Once a working class enclave, the area has, like others around it, undergone a transformation in the 1990s, with house prices rising dramatically.

Toponymy

Southfields takes its name from the old manorial system, where it was known as the South Field of the manor of Dunsford.<ref name='SouthfieldsName'>Template:Cite web Template:Dead link</ref> The earlier name for the area dates back at least to the year 1247.Template:Citation needed The equivalent North Field lay between West Hill and the River Thames and survives in the short road named Northfields which runs to the east of Wandsworth Park.

Governance

Southfields is one of the 20 wards that make up the London Borough of Wandsworth, and it supplies three of the Borough Council's 60 councillors - Kim Caddy, Guy Humphries & Terry Walsh. It is part of the Merton and Wandsworth constituency for the London Assembly.

Southfields falls within the parliamentary constituency of Putney. The current Member of Parliament for the constituency is the Conservative Justine Greening, who was elected in 2005 with a majority of 1,766 and re-elected in 2010 with an increased majority of 10,053.

Geography

Template:Geographic Location

Demography

According to the 2001 census the ward of Southfields had a population of 14,067. The area is predominantly white in its ethnic origin: 82% of residents of the ward described themselves as white in their response to the census.<ref name='SouthfieldsPopulation'>Template:Cite web</ref>

The area is also home to a significant South African community, composed predominantly of young white immigrants who have left South Africa, for reasons of employment, career experience, money and travel, since finding employment at home became harder (following the introduction of Black Economic Empowerment).

Transport

The A3 trunk road runs south west towards Portsmouth and north east into central London along Southfields' northern edge; the district is bounded by the A218 (Merton Road) to the east and the A219 (Parkside Avenue) to the west.

Southfields is serviced by bus routes 39 (Clapham Junction to Putney Bridge, operated by Go-Ahead London), 493 (Tooting Broadway to Richmond, operated by NCP-Challenger) and 156 (Vauxhall to Wimbledon).

Southfields tube station is in Travelcard Zone 3 of the London Underground network, situated between East Putney and Wimbledon Park on the Wimbledon branch of the District line. Southfields is the main London Underground station for the Wimbledon Tennis Championships.

Southfields is not serviced by the National Rail network; the nearest National Rail stations are Earlsfield, Wimbledon and Putney.

Popular culture

thumb]] Part of the video for Shampoo's 1994 hit single 'Trouble' was filmed in Southfields.

The former cinema premises on Wimbledon Park Road, most recently used as a snooker club are now likely to be demolished following a successful planning application from the owners of the site, despite a three year campaign by a local group to convert the building back to a local cinema, which would have been named The Southfields Plaza.

Southfields became home to London's first Mosque. The Fazl Mosque also known as the London Mosque was built by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and presently serves as the international headquarters of the community.

Notable people

Template:Main

Notes

Template:Reflist

References

Template:Cite book

External links

Template:LB Wandsworth