The Stadio Olimpico is the main and largest sports facility of Rome, Italy. It is located within the Foro Italico sports complex on the north of the city. An asset of the Italian National Olympic Committee, the structure is intended primarily for football. It is the home stadium of Serie A clubs Lazio and Roma, and the venue of the Coppa Italia final. The stadium was rebuilt for the 1990 FIFA World Cup, and hosted the final. A UEFA category four stadium, it has also hosted four European Cup finals, the most recent being the 2009 UEFA Champions League Final. Outside football, the stadium is used by the Italian national rugby union team and is Italy's national athletics stadium. It also occasionally hosts concerts and events of various kinds.
Throughout its history, the Stadio Olimpico has undergone several substantial restructurings and a complete restyling:
1937, the Stadio del Cipressi
In its first stages, the Stadio Olimpico was called the Stadio dei Cipressi. It was designed and constructed within the larger project of the Foro Mussolini (Mussolini Forum), which was renamed Foro Italico after the war.
Construction work began in 1927, under the direction of Turinese engineer Angelo Frisa and architect Enrico Del Debbio, and was finished, after few variations, in 1932. The construction of masonry stands wasn't foreseen, the original stands consisted of grassy terraces.
In 1937 the construction of a second tier of stairs was started, but the work was interrupted in 1940 due to the outbreak of the war.
1953, the Stadio dei Centomila
On December 1950, the site was reopened for the completion of the stadium. The project was entrusted to the engineer Carlo Roccatelli, a member of the Superior Council of Public Works. At first, they thought of a stadium with a more complex structure than that actually realised,Template:Citation needed but the scarcity of funds and the environmental characteristics of the area led to a less ambitious version. On the death of Roccatelli in 1951, the direction of the work was entrusted to architect Annibale Vitellozzi. It now reaches a capacity of about 100,000 people (hence the name of Stadio dei Centomila, which the stadium was called before 1960), and in view of the XVII Olympiad. The building was inaugurated on 17 May 1953 with a football game between Italy and Hungary.
1960, the Stadio Olimpico
During the 1960 Summer Olympics, the stadium hosted the opening and closing ceremonies, and the athletics competitions. The posts were eliminated in the feet, with the result to actual capacity to 65,000 spectators. Following hosted several editions of the Italian Championships in Athletics, the 1975 Summer Universiade (the stadium was the only venue in the Universiade), and the 1987 World Athletics Championships and still hosts the annual meeting of the Golden Gala.
1990 restructuring and coverage of the stadium
For the 1990 FIFA World Cup, in which it was the main Stadium, the facility was the subject of an extensive enhancement. Because of the work, in 1989 the Capitoline teams Lazio and Roma played their Serie A games at Stadio Flaminio. The work was entrusted to a team of designers, including the original designer Annibale Vitellozzi. From 1987 to 1990, the plan of action was amended several times, with a consequent rise in costs. Ultimately, Olimpico was entirely demolished and rebuilt in reinforced concrete, with the exception of the Tribuna Tevere expanded with the addition of further steps, the curves were closer to the field of nine metres. All sectors of the stadium were covered with full coverage in tensostructure white. Also installed were backless seats in blue plastic, and two giant screens built in 1987 for the World Athletics Championships were also mounted inside the curve. At the end of the new version of Olimpico had 82,911 seats, and so was the 14th stage in the world for number of seats in the stadiums used for football, the 29th among all the stages and the second in Italy, to just behind the San Siro Stadium of Milan.
The Stadio Olimpico was host to five matches in which the Italian National Team took part in, and the final between West Germany and Argentina. West Germany won the final match 1–0.
By the same conformation of 1990, on 22 May 1996, the Stadio Olimpico hosted the UEFA Champions League Final between Juventus and Ajax, which saw the Bianconeri prevail in a penalty shoot-out.
2008 restyling of the stadium
In 2007, it was engaged in a vast plan of restyling inside the stadium to conform to UEFA standards, for the 2009 UEFA Champions League Final, which was held in Rome. The work was performed and completed in 2008, having included the establishment of standard structures, with improvements in security, the adjustment of dressing rooms and press room, the complete replacement of the seats, installing high definition LED screens, the partial removal of plexiglas fences between spectators and the field, and a reduction of posts, until the current capacity of 73,261. In order to increase the comfort of the audience, a part of the modernisation of the stadium were the increase of the points of rest and adjustments to toilets. These actions have allowed the Stadio Olimpico to be classified as UEFA Elite stadium.
Areas and capacity
The stadium has a current capacity of 72,698, distributed as follows:
- Tribuna Monte Mario – 16,555
- Tribuna Tevere – 16,397
- Distinto Sud Ovest – 5,747
- Distinto Sud Est – 5,637
- Distinto Nord Ovest – 5,769
- Distinto Nord Est – 5,597
- Curva Sud – 8,486
- Curva Nord – 8,520
- For end stage concerts/shows it can hold up to 75,000.
- For center stage concerts/shows it can hold up to 78,000.
- The 1968 European Championship final match saw Italy win against Yugoslavia 2–0.
- The 1973 Intercontinental Cup final match saw Independiente win the trophy against Juventus 1-0
- The 1977 European Cup final single match saw Liverpool win the trophy against Borussia Mönchengladbach 3–1.
- The 1980 European Championship final match saw Germany win against Belgium 2–1.
- The 1984 European Cup final match saw Liverpool win the trophy after a penalty shootout against native team Roma (regular time ended 1–1).
- The 1990 FIFA World Cup Final match saw West Germany win against Argentina 1–0.
- The 1996 UEFA Champions League Final saw Juventus win the trophy after a penalty shootout against Ajax (regular time ended 1–1).
- The 2009 UEFA Champions League Final saw Barcelona win against Manchester United 2–0.
- The 2013 Six Nations Championship saw the Italian rugby team beat France for only the second time in the championship and the first time at this stadium
- The 2013 Six Nations Championship saw the Italian rugby team beat Ireland for the first time ever in the championship.
The average season attendances from league matches held at the Stadio Olimpico for Lazio and Roma. <ref name="Average attendances">Template:Cite web</ref>
|1999–00||58,915||51,956 12px 14px|
The Stadio Olimpico hosts concerts of some international artists and bands.
[Eros Ramazzotti]], Italian mega-pop star, performed at the stadium on July 7, 2004 to a sold out crowd as part of his 9 (nove) World Tour. The concert was made into a DVD, Eros Roma Live 2004. Ramazzotti also performed at the stadium again on June 21 2013 as part of his Noi World Tour.
Miles Davis performed at the stadium in 1991.
Tina Turner performed at the stadium on July 7, 1996.
David Bowie performed at the stadium on July 9, 1996.
Back Street Boys performed at the stadium on June 29, 1999 during their Into the Millennium Tour.
Sting performed at the stadium on July 7, 2001.
The Cure performed at the stadium on July 23, 2002.
R.E.M. performed at the stadium on June 10, 2005.
U2 performed at the stadium on July 23, 2005 during their Vertigo Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 67,002 people. The band performed at the stadium for the second time on October 8, 2010 during the U2360° Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 75,847 people. The performance of Bad from the 2010 show was recorded for the group's live album U22.
Roger Waters performed at the stadium on 16 June 2006 during his The Dark Side of the Moon Live. He performed at the stadium for the second time on 28 July 2013 as part of his ongoing The Wall Live.
Depeche Mode performed at the stadium three times. The first one was July 17, 2006 during their Touring the Angel, in front of a crowd of 40,000 people. The second one was on June 16, 2009 during their Tour of the Universe, in front of a crowd of 44,070 people. The third one was on July 20, 2013 as part of their ongoing The Delta Machine Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 56,007 people. The 2006 and 2009 shows were recorded for the group's live albums projects Recording the Angel and Recording the Universe, respectively.
Madonna performed at the stadium three times. The first one was on August 6, 2006 during her Confessions Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 63,054 people. The second one was on September 6, 2008 during her Sticky & Sweet Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 57,690 people. The third one was on June 12, 2012 during her The MDNA Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 36,658 people.
Iron Maiden, Motörhead, Machine Head, Mastodon and Lauren Harris performed at the stadium on June 20, 2007.
Bruce Springsteen performed at the stadium on July 19, 2009 during his Working on a Dream Tour, in front of a crowd of 37,834 people.
Psy performed at the stadium on May 26, 2013 before the kick-off of 2013 Coppa Italia final.
Muse performed at the stadium on July 6, 2013 as part of their ongoing The 2nd Law Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 60,963 people. The show was released on the CD/DVD/Blu-ray: Live at Rome Olympic Stadium.
- External view of the Olympic Stadium of Rome
- Brief Guide to Olympic Stadium of Rome
- How to reach the Olympic Stadium of Rome