Stanmore

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Template:Use dmy dates Template:Use British English Template:Other uses Template:Infobox UK place

Stanmore is a suburban area of the London Borough of Harrow, in northwest London. It is situated Template:Convert northwest of Charing Cross. The area is home to Stanmore Hill, one of the highest points of London, Template:Convert high.

Toponymy

The area was recorded in the Domesday Book as Stanmere, the name deriving from the Old English stan, 'stony' and mere, 'a pool'. There are outcrops of gravel on the clay soil here and the mere may have been one of the ponds which still exist. By 1574 the area had become known as Great Stanmore to distinguish it from Little Stanmore.

History

Stanmore Village railway station was open for train services between 1890 and 1952. Stanmore tube station opened in 1932.

Stanmore had an outstation from the Bletchley Park codebreaking establishment, where some of the Bombes used to decode German Enigma messages in World War Two were housed.

Andrew Drummond, the founder of the Drummond bank in Charing Cross purchased the Stanmore estate in 1729 .

Stanmore was also home to RAF Bentley Priory from where the Battle of Britain was controlled, also formerly to RAF Stanmore Park, HQ of Balloon Command. RAF Stanmore Park closed in 1997 and is now a housing estate and RAF Bentley Priory closed in 2009.

Parish Church

The first Parish Church was the 14th century St Mary's, built on the site of a wooden Saxon church which was itself probably built on the site of a Roman compitum shrine.<ref name="SHoS">Template:Cite web</ref><ref name="SJtE">http://www.stjohnsstanmore.org.uk/content.php?folder_id=9</ref>

This building was replaced by a new one built on the current site consecrated in 1632 and dedicated to St John the Evangelist.<ref name="SHoS" /><ref name="SJtE"/> Its ruin still stands near the present church which was consecrated in 1850. Queen Adelaide's last public appearance was to lay the foundation stone of the new church. She gave the font and when the church was completed after her death, the east window was dedicated to her memory.

Modern Stanmore

The suburb is characterised by numerous small restaurants and cafés, several public houses, many unique shops like a natural health store and boutique-style clothing stores. The centre of Stanmore is dominated by the presence of a large Sainsbury's supermarket and also a large Lidl supermarket. There are also popular eateries such as Prezzo and Costa Coffee situated in the centre of the town. Stanmore's extensive residential areas are leafy and predominantly affluent, with many residents commuting daily to jobs in central London and the City.

Stanmore Park is located at the foot of Stanmore Hill and right next to the local library. This is just one of the two outdoor leisure fields, the other being Whitchurch Playing Fields adjacent to Whitchurch First and Middle School and opposite to Stanburn First and Middle School. The playing field hosts many Sunday league football matches on the vast acres of turf which are marked into individual football pitches with respective goal frames.

Situated on the border of Stanmore and Bushey is Stanmore Cricket Club, one of the oldest in the Middlesex county championship league celebrating 150 years in 2003 and is still successful at the present. The club has nurtured two famous cricketers who have played Tests for England in the last two decades; Angus Fraser and Mark Ramprakash.

Stanmore is home to Park High School, Stanmore College (a government further education establishment) and a local library run by the London Borough of Harrow. North London Collegiate, one of the top public schools is in Stanmore. The suburb also hosts the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital - known as RNOH - which is famed for its spinal unit.

Ethnicity and religion

Stanmore has overwhelmingly affluent Christian, Shia Muslim, Hindu, Jain, Jewish and Catholic communities, including its local Synagogue, Stanmore and Canons Park Synagogue on London Road (which has the largest membership of any single synagogue in Europe),<ref>Stanmore and Canons Park Synagogue Website</ref> an Islamic Centre, KSIMC Of London (Hujjat)<ref>hujjat.org</ref> and new Hindu Temple<ref>swaminarayansatsang.org</ref> on Wood Lane.

Notable natives and residents

File:W-s-gilbert-grave.jpg
The grave of W. S. Gilbert at Stanmore

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  • Performer and musician Beardyman (Darren Foreman) grew up in Stanmore, as did his brother, musical comedian Jay Foreman
  • Performer and comedian Matt Lucas was born in Stanmore on 5 March 1974. He attended Aylward First & Middle School, and the Haberdashers' Aske's Boys' School
  • Queen Adelaide (1792–1849), queen consort of William IV, lived at Bentley Priory from 1848 until her death there.
  • George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen — Peelite Prime Minister (in office December 1852 – February 1855); was raised and is buried in Stanmore.
  • W.S. Gilbert — English dramatist, librettist and illustrator; buried in Stanmore.
  • Robert and Ellen Hollond lived here from 1847. He was a balloonist and MP, she founded London's first créche.<ref name=bh>Great Stanmore: Introduction', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 5: Hendon, Kingsbury, Great Stanmore, Little Stanmore, Edmonton Enfield, Monken Hadley, South Mimms, Tottenham (1976), pp. 88-96. URL: Date accessed: 12 May 2009.</ref>
  • Clement Attlee — Labour Prime Minister in the first post-war government; lived in a large villa "Heywood", which was later demolished and replaced by a small block of flats.
  • Brit-rocker Billy Idol (William Michael Albert Broad), was born in Stanmore.
  • Football coach Dave Bassett, was born in Stanmore.
  • Drummer Peter Van Hooke was raised in Stanmore.
  • Actress Linda Hayden, was born in Stanmore.
  • Author/screenwriter Anthony Horowitz, was born in Stanmore.
  • Actor Cyril Shaps lived in Stanmore.
  • Actress Patricia Medina, second wife of Joseph Cotten, lived in Stanmore.
  • Actor Roger Moore, famous for his role as James Bond and in The Saint, lived in Stanmore.
  • Footballer Theo Walcott, current Arsenal and England player, was born in Stanmore in 1989. His family still live there.
  • Labour MP Keith Vaz currently lives in Stanmore.
  • Olly Mann, co-host of cult podcast, Answer Me This!.
  • Nigel Rothband, Chief Operating Officer of BEN and former manager of the Great Britain Maccabiah cricket team currently lives in Stanmore.
  • James Bord, professional poker player

Transport

Nearby places

  • Belmont
  • Wealdstone
  • Edgware
  • Bushey
  • Watford

Tube/Trains

  • Stanmore is well known for being at the northern end of the Jubilee line.

Main bus routes

Route Start End Operator
142 Brent Cross Watford Junction Arriva Shires & Essex
324 Stanmore Brent Cross London Sovereign
340 Edgware Harrow Arriva Shires & Essex
H12 Stanmore South Harrow Metroline
N98 Stanmore Holborn Metroline
615
not a London bus route
Hatfield Stanmore Uno

External links

References

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