Statue of Ion Luca Caragiale (Bucharest)
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A statue of Ion Luca Caragiale, sculpted by Constantin Baraschi, is located on Maria Rosetti Street in central Bucharest, Romania. It is placed in front of the house where the dramatist and short story writer Ion Luca Caragiale once lived.
In 1957, Baraschi took part in the contest for the statue of Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin, which Communist authorities meant to place in front of Casa Scânteii, a newly built Socialist Realist structure in northern Bucharest. His bronze sculpture lost the contest, so Baraschi decided to replace the head of Lenin's statue with that of Caragiale. He was once again refused, because this statue could have be seen as mocking Lenin.<ref name="cotidianul">"Unde-l punem pe Caragiale", in Cotidianul, 9 July 2005</ref> However, the statue was bought by the state and, after years of being kept in a courtyard in the Splai area, it was moved to the Cartea Româneasc? Publishing House courtyard from General Berthelot Street, perhaps at the intervention of influential novelist Marin Preda.<ref name="jurnalul">"R?zboiul statuilor", in Jurnalul Na?ional, 4 March 2006</ref>
In 1998, nine years after the 1989 Revolution, the Cartea Româneasc? building was returned to its rightful owner; the Ministry of Culture had to take the statue into its patrimony, and subsequently moved it in front of a house where Caragiale lived once, on Maria Rosetti Street. In 2002, Dinu S?raru, chairman of the National Theatre Bucharest, oversaw the statue's move to a new location on University Square, in front of the Theatre's building. After S?raru resigned from office, on 11 February 2006, it was moved back to Maria Rosetti Street, because the move had not been approved and, as such, was technically illegal.<ref name="jurnalul"/> A statue of the major Romanian actor Grigore Vasiliu Birlic, is planned to take its place in University Square.
The statue is featured in the foreground of the reverse of the 100 lei banknote, at its old location in front of the old building of the Bucharest National Theatre.