Statue of Trajan and the She-wolf
The Statue of Trajan and the She-wolf is a statue by Vasile Gorduz located on the steps of the National Museum of Romanian History on Calea Victoriei in central Bucharest. It depicts a nude Trajan holding in his arms the Capitoline Wolf, which is doubled as the Dacian Draco, the war standard of the Dacians.
The 2.15-metre high statue is made out of bronze and has a weight of 500 kilograms. The cost of the statue was around 200,000 lei (45,000 €)<ref name="gandulstatuia"/> The artist created three copies of the sculpture: another is located in Sevilla, Spain, on the banks of the Guadalquivir and another in Rome, in front of Accademia di Romania.<ref name="gandulstatuia"/>
The sculpture depicts Trajan, the Roman emperor who conquered Dacia, the province located in today's Romania and considered one of the "parents" of the Romanian nation. In his arms, in fact appearing to levitate above his arms, is the Capitoline Wolf, the she-wolf in the founding myth of Rome. The head of the wolf is joined to the tail of a Dacian Draco.<ref name="gandulstatuia"/>
The statue was created at the initiative of the Bucharest City Hall as part of a larger program of the City Hall called "Calea Victoriei - Cultural Trail", being recommended to them by R?zvan Theodorescu.<ref name="gandulstatuia">"Statuia împ?ratului Traian, din centrul Capitalei, provoac? scandal între Oprescu ?i Muzeul Na?ional de Istorie a României. Unii o consider? frumoas?, al?ii - ridicol?", Gândul, April 29, 2012</ref>
It is based on a plaster model made by Vasile Gorduz, currently owned by Artmark Galleries, while the bronze cast was made by artist Ioan Bolborea. The statue was installed in November 2011, but it was covered with plastic foil and it was only unveiled on April 29, 2012 by Sorin Oprescu, the Mayor of Bucharest.<ref name="gandulstatuia"/>
The director the National Museum of Romanian History, Ernest Oberländer Târnoveanu, said he thinks it shouldn't have been placed there due to its "doubtful artistic quality"<ref name="BBC"/> and appreciated that it won't stay there for a long time.<ref name="gandulstatuia"/> On the other hand, Mihai Oroveanu, the director of the National Museum of Contemporary Art thought it's a "beautiful" and "very modern" work <ref name="gandulstatuia"/> and R?zvan Theodorescu called it a "symbol of our nation".<ref name="gandulstatuia"/>
The statue was not well received by the Bucharesters, who met it with derision, due to the nudity and the awkwardness of Trajan's statue, being described as "a monument to Romania's stray dogs", with commentators wondering why "the dog is levitating", and why the animal wears a scarf "while the emperor isn't even wearing any underwear".<ref name="BBC">"Howls of derision in Bucharest as Romania statue unveiled", BBC, May 3, 2012</ref>
According to Deutsche Welle, the Bucharest public met it with a "stubborn conservatism which opposes any attempt to urban renewal", still having the stupefaction of the first visitors to the modernist exhibitions.