Stuttgart North station

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Template:Infobox Deutsche Bahn station

Stuttgart North station (Template:Lang-de) is in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It consists of a passenger station on the Stuttgart S-Bahn and a freight yard.

History

Owing to the increasing volume of traffic, the Royal Württemberg State Railways (Königlich Württembergische Staats-Eisenbahnen) required further locomotives. In 1891, the railways acquired land for a new yard in the district of Prag at the junction of the Gäu and the Northern Railways (Frankenbahn) with a locomotive depot with 59 locomotive stalls and a freight yard. Two years later, in 1893, construction began. The aim was to relieve the old Stuttgart Central Station. Tracks were also laid from Feuerbach for freight trains running towards the Gäu Railway.

In April 1894, the railway depot was inaugurated. On 1 November 1895, operations started at the Prag freight yard (Prag-Güterbahnhof). It also had a military loading ramp and a loading dock for the discharge of sewage.

The Prag area developed into a suburb with new homes built for the staff of the Royal Railway administration (königliche Eisenbahnverwaltung) that was established in 1894. It also decided to build a station for passengers in the Cannstatt district on the Ludwigsburg road (called Nordbahnhofstraße since 1936). This was opened as Prag station on 1 October 1896. It was soon renamed as Stuttgart North to avoid confusion with the Czech capital, also called Prag in German. The entrance building with a service and a waiting room was built on the track towards Feuerbach. A waiting room was built on the track towards Stuttgart Central Station. An iron footbridge was built across the freight yard.

File:Stuttgart-gedenkstaette-nordbahnhof1.jpg
The memorial to the Jewish deportations is located at the old North station

In 1908, quadruplication began on the line between Stuttgart Central Station and Ludwigsburg, which led to the nearly complete rebuilding of the tracks and of the North station with it. The commissioning of the Rankbach Railway in 1915 and the marshalling yard in Kornwestheim in 1918 relieved the new freight yard, which from that time was called Stuttgart Nord Gbf (Stuttgart North freight yard). Suburban services commenced in November 1926. The passenger station was rebuilt over the newly built passage over the Ludwigsburg road. The depot was given a new role as the main workshop and after the Second World War as a repair shop.

Between 1941 and 1945 the loading tracks of the inner North Station freight yard were used for the deportation of more than 2,200 Jews from all over Württemberg to Theresienstadt, Auschwitz, Riga and Izbica. A memorial was built at the North Station recalling these events in 2006.

Outlook

During the Stuttgart 21 project, the station will be reduced to a passenger halt. All trackage will be demolished except for the S-Bahn tracks. The distant signal will be established for the proposed Mittnachtstrasse station at the southern end of the platform..<ref name="s21-pfa15-1III-2006-06-09_41">DBProjektBau GmbH, Niederlassung Nordwest (Hrsg.): Planfeststellungsunterlagen. Umgestaltung des Bahnknotens Stuttgart. Ausbau- und Neubaustrecke Stuttgart - Augsburg. Bereich Stuttgart - Wendlingen mit Flughafenanbindung. Abschnitt 1.5: Zuführung Feuerbach und Bad Cannstatt. Bau-km -4.0 -90.3 bis -0.4 -42.0 und -4.8 -64.4 bis -0.4 -42.0.
Anlage 1: Erläuterungsbericht. Teil III: Beschreibung des Planfeststellungsbereiches
.
Dokument mit Stand vom 9. Juni 2006. Planfestgestellt am 13. Oktober 2009 durch das Eisenbahn-Bundesamt, Außenstelle Karlsruhe/Stuttgart (Aktenzeichen 59160 PAP-PS21-PFA1.5), S. 41.</ref> Long-distance and regional trains will run between Central Station and Feuerbach through the Feuerbach Tunnel.

In addition, as part of the project, the option of connecting an S-Bahn route designated as the Nordkreuz (North Cross) to the North station—in conjunction with the so-called T-Spange (T-Brace)—is to be kept open. The option is to be implemented in the future if sufficient potential traffic can be demonstrated. This would allow S-Bahn trains to bypass the main S-Bahn tunnel by using the Gäu Railway (Gäubahn). This was developed as an option during the regional planning process for the project. It is unnecessary to implement structural measures for the option during the Stuttgart 21 project.<ref name="s21-pfa15-1III-2006-06-09_17">DBProjektBau GmbH, Niederlassung Nordwest (Hrsg.): Planfeststellungsunterlagen. Umgestaltung des Bahnknotens Stuttgart. Ausbau- und Neubaustrecke Stuttgart - Augsburg. Bereich Stuttgart - Wendlingen mit Flughafenanbindung. Abschnitt 1.5: Zuführung Feuerbach und Bad Cannstatt. Bau-km -4.0 -90.3 bis -0.4 -42.0 und -4.8 -64.4 bis -0.4 -42.0.
Anlage 1: Erläuterungsbericht. Teil III: Beschreibung des Planfeststellungsbereiches
.
Dokument mit Stand vom 9. Juni 2006. Planfestgestellt am 13. Oktober 2009 durch das Eisenbahn-Bundesamt, Außenstelle Karlsruhe/Stuttgart (Aktenzeichen 59160 PAP-PS21-PFA1.5), S. 10, 12, 17.</ref>

Rail services

The station has an island platform with access from the Nordbahnhofstraße and the Brünner footbridge and is served by the lines S4, S5 and S6 of the Stuttgart S-Bahn.

Platform track 3 is used by S-Bahn services towards Zuffenhausen and platform track 4 is used by S-Bahn services towards Stuttgart Central Station (Hauptbahnhof) The slightly higher tracks 1 and 2 are used for long distance traffic and do not have platforms. Next to track 4 towards the Hauptbahnhof there are also two elevated freight tracks that come together immediately after the North station to form one track.

The station is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 5 station.<ref name =categories />

The station’s signalling systems can be remotely controlled from the SpDr-L60 interlocking in Zuffenhausen, which went into operation in 1973.<ref name="s21-pfa15-1III-2006-06-09_41"/> The only rarely used freight yard has a variety of track layouts with multiple terminal tracks. An unused signal box called Stuttgart Nord R1 is the transition to the Franconia Railway. The building of the train depot still exists today and is now used as a conference centre.

S-Bahn

File:Stuttgart Nord 8.JPG
View of the exterior of the North station (November 2009)
Line Route
Template:S-Bahn Stuttgart Backnang – Marbach – Ludwigsburg – Zuffenhausen – Stuttgart North – Hauptbahnhof – Schwabstraße
Template:S-Bahn Stuttgart Bietigheim – Ludwigsburg – Zuffenhausen – Stuttgart North – Hauptbahnhof – Schwabstraße
Template:S-Bahn Stuttgart Weil der Stadt – Renningen – Leonberg – Zuffenhausen – Stuttgart North – Hauptbahnhof – Schwabstraße
(additional services in the peak between Leonberg and Schwabstraße)
Template:S-Bahn Stuttgart Schwabstraße – Hauptbahnhof – Stuttgart North – Zuffenhausen – Leonberg – Renningen – Magstadt – Maichingen – Sindelfingen – Böblingen

Stadtbahn

North station was served by Stadtbahn line U 15 (running from Stammheim to Fernsehturm and Heumaden) for many years. In 2013 this was changed to line U 12 running from Möhringen to Hallschlag. The Löwentorbrücke stop in Heilbronner Strasse can also be reached via footbridges, called Brno bridge and Bombay bridge. The stop Löwentorbrücke is served by Stadtbahn lines U 6, U 7 and U 15.

Notes

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References

External links