Sulloniacis

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Template:Infobox UK feature Sulloniacis or Sulloniacae is the name of a place in Roman Britain which is known only from an entry in the Antonine Itinerary, a listing of routes and facilities for the cursus publicus, the official courier service of the Roman Empire. Iter (Itinerary) II of the British section runs between Richborough (Portus Ritupis) and Chester (Deva), and this shows Sulloniacis on the road now known as Watling Street, nine Roman miles from St Albans (Verulamium) and 12 from London. Sulloniacis is usually identified with Roman remains found at Brockley Hill near Edgware in the London Borough of Barnet.<ref name=Sheldon233>Template:Cite book</ref>

Origin of the name

The name may mean 'Estate of the family/descendants of Sullonios', Sullonios being a personal name which is not known from any other source. However, it could refer to a geographical feature.<ref name=Sheldon233/>

Other possible locations

Archaeologist Harvey Sheldon has challenged the general assumption that the Roman site at Brockley Hill is Sulloniacis. Evidence has been found there of pottery production, but modern excavations have failed to produce any evidence of mutationes (stations for changing horses) or mansiones (accommodation for official travellers). Besides, although there are great difficulties in interpreting some of the mileages in the Itineraries, Brockley Hill does seem to be too far to the north. Sheldon suggested several alternative locations, particularly Red Hill, in the vicinity of the Bald Faced Stag in Burnt Oak Broadway. The Hendon and District Archaeological Society has found Roman remains nearby.<ref name="APIT">Template:Cite book</ref>

It is however possible that all the possible locations were within the estate called Sulloniacis, together with a possible Roman occupation site nearby on the hill at Hendon.<ref name="APIT"/>

Sulloniacis Pastures

Sulloniacis Pastures is a 4.2 hectare Site of Borough Importance for Nature Conservation, Grade II, located immediately south-east of the Brockley Hill archaeological site at Grid Ref Template:Gbmappingsmall. The site is on grassland which slopes up eastwards from the A41 road. Located on London Clay, it has many flowers typical of clay pasture, such as greater bird's-foot-trefoil and burnet-saxifrage.<ref name=NCB>Template:Cite book</ref>

See also

  • Nature reserves in Barnet

References

Template:Reflist

Template:Major towns of Roman Britain Template:Nature reserves in Barnet