Tower Hill

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File:Monmouth's Execution.gif
Depiction of the execution of Sir James Scott at Tower Hill in a popular print.
File:London 12 2002 5070.JPG
Port of London Authority building at Trinity Square Gardens in Tower Hill
File:London Tower Hill Scaffold Site.JPG
Site of the Scaffold on Tower Hill

Tower Hill is an elevated spot northwest of the Tower of London, just outside the limits of the City of London, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. Formerly it was part of the Tower Liberty under the direct administrative control of Tower. Part of one of the oldest parts of London, archaeological evidence shows that there was a settlement on the hill in the Bronze Age and much later a Roman village that was burnt down during the Boudica uprising.

A nearby church, All Hallows-by-the-Tower, is known for fragments of Romanesque architecture dating back to AD 680.

It is the site of the Tower Hill Memorial, Tower Gateway DLR station, and Tower Hill tube station. The street named Tower Hill is a short stretch of the A3211 between Byward Street and a junction with Minories and Tower Hill Terrace.

Executions

Public executions of high-profile traitors and criminals were often carried out on Tower Hill, including:

  • 1381 – Simon Sudbury, Archbishop of Canterbury<ref name="sitesign2">Sign at site of the scaffold (2)</ref> (beheaded by an angry mob)
  • 1381 – Sir Robert Hales<ref name="sitesign2" />
  • 1388 – Sir Simon de Burley<ref name="sitesign2" />
  • 1397 – Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel<ref name="sitesign2" />
  • 1440 – Rev. Richard Wyche, Vicar of Deptford<ref name="sitesign2" />
  • 1462 – John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford<ref name="sitesign2" />
  • 1462 – Aubrey de Vere, eldest son and heir of John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford
  • 1462 – Sir Thomas Tuddenham
  • 1462 – William Tyrrell
  • 1462 – John Montgomery
  • 1470 – John Tiptoft, 1st Earl of Worcester<ref name="sitesign2" />
  • 1495 – Sir William Stanley<ref name="sitesign3">Sign at site of the scaffold (3)</ref>
  • 1497 – James Tuchet,<ref name="sitesign3" /> a commander of the Cornish Rebellion of 1497
  • 1499 – Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick<ref name="sitesign3" />
  • 1502 – James Tyrrell
  • 1510 – Edmund Dudley
  • 1510 – Sir Richard Empson
  • 1521 – Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham<ref name="sitesign3" />
  • 1535 – John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester<ref name="sitesign3" />
  • 1535 – Sir Thomas More,<ref name="sitesign3" /> ex-Lord Chancellor
  • 1536 – George Boleyn, brother of Anne Boleyn
  • 1537 – Thomas Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy de Darcy<ref name="sitesign3" />
  • 1538 – Henry Courtenay, Earl of Devon<ref name="sitesign4">Sign at site of the scaffold (4)</ref>
  • 1540 – Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex<ref name="sitesign4" />
  • 1547 – Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey<ref name="sitesign4" />
  • 1552 – Sir Ralph Vane
  • 1552 – Sir Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle
  • 1552 – Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset<ref name="sitesign4" />
  • 1554 – Sir Thomas Wyatt<ref name="sitesign4" />
  • 1554 – Lord Guildford Dudley
  • 1572 – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk<ref name="sitesign4" />
  • 1601 – Sir Christopher Blount
  • 1615 – Sir Gervase Helwys
  • 1631 – Mervyn Tuchet, 2nd Earl of Castlehaven
  • 1641 – Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford<ref name="sitesign4" />
  • 1645 – William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury<ref name="sitesign5">Sign at site of the scaffold (5)</ref>
  • 1651 - Christopher Love, Presbyterian minister
  • 1662 – Sir Henry Vane<ref name="sitesign5" />
  • 1683 – Col. Algernon Sidney<ref name="sitesign5" />
  • 1685 – James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth<ref name="sitesign5" />
  • 1716 – James Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Derwentwater<ref name="sitesign5" />
  • 1746 – William Boyd, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock
  • 1746 – Robert Boyd (of Clan Boyd)
  • 1747 – Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat<ref name="sitesign5" />

References

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