Trams in Dresden

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Template:Infobox tram network

The Dresden tramway network (Template:Lang-de) is a network of tramways forming the backbone of the public transport system in Dresden, a city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. Opened in 1872, it has been operated since 1993 by Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe (DVB).

Template:As of, the network comprised 12 tram lines,<ref name="DVB-stats">Template:Cite web</ref> with a total line length of approximately Template:Convert<ref name="DVB-stats" /> and a total route length of Template:Convert.<ref name="DVB-numbers">Template:Cite web</ref> There was Template:Convert of track,<ref name="DVB-numbers" /> which translated into Template:Convert of actual tram line,<ref name="DVB-numbers" /> serving 154 tram stops,<ref name="DVB-numbers" />

History

The origins of the Dresden tramway network can be traced back to the year 1872,<ref name="DVB-history">Template:Cite web</ref> when the first horse-drawn line opened between the city centre and the former village of Blasewitz, now a borough of Dresden.

Lines

The Dresden tramway network is a mixed system of traditional street running, especially in the inner city boroughs close to the city centre, and modern light rail. The network uses the unusual gauge of Template:RailGauge, which is just Template:Convert (or Template:Frac in) wider than Template:RailGauge standard gauge.<ref name=lrtasl>Template:Cite web</ref>

In recent years, street running has been replaced by independent right-of-way arrangements wherever possible, and new extensions created in the same form. In November 2008, a Template:Convert extension of line 7 was opened from Gorbitz to Pennrich, in Dresden's south eastern suburbs. In May 2011, a Template:Convert extension of line 10 opened from Friedrichstrasse to the city's Messe or exhibition centre, involving construction of a Template:Convert long, Template:Convert wide and Template:Convert high bridge across the floodplain of the River Elbe.<ref name=taut0804>Template:Cite news</ref><ref name=trdt>Template:Cite news</ref>

Unlike many other German cities of comparable size, no stadtbahn style tunnel sections or high platform stops have been created. However many tram stops have been rebuilt so as to be fully accessible to physically disabled persons, and to allow level boarding to the low floor trams that now operate most services.

Different lines can be identified by a line number and a colour code. The current lines are:<ref name=lzdln>Template:Cite web</ref>

Line Route Length Time Stops
1 Prohlis – Gruna – Straßburger Platz – Postplatz – Bahnhof Mitte – Friedrichstadt – Leutewitz Template:Convert 47 min 34
2 Kleinzschachwitz – Gruna – Straßburger Platz – Postplatz – Bahnhof Mitte – Cotta – Gorbitz Template:Convert 55 min 38
3 Coschütz – Plauen – Hauptbahnhof – Pirnaischer Platz – Albertplatz – Bahnhof Neustadt – Trachenberge – Wilder Mann Template:Convert 38 min 25
4 Laubegast – Striesen – Straßburger Platz – Postplatz – Mickten – Radebeul – Coswig – Weinböhla Template:Convert 79 min 56/57
6 Niedersedlitz – Blasewitz – Albertplatz – Bahnhof Neustadt – Bahnhof Mitte – Löbtau – Wölfnitz (– Gorbitz) Template:Convert 67 min 44/45 (48/49)
7 Pennrich – Gorbitz – Löbtau – Hauptbahnhof – Pirnaischer Platz – Albertplatz – Klotzsche – Weixdorf Template:Convert 63 min 43/44
8 Südvorstadt – Hauptbahnhof – Postplatz – Albertplatz – Hellerau Template:Convert 40 min 27
9 Prohlis – Strehlen – Zoo – Hauptbahnhof – Postplatz – Mickten – Kaditz Template:Convert 51 min 40
10 Striesen – Straßburger Platz – Hauptbahnhof – Bahnhof Mitte – Vorwerkstraße (Friedrichstadt)– Messe Dresden Template:Convert 23
11 Zschertnitz – Hauptbahnhof – Postplatz – Bahnhof Neustadt – Albertplatz – Weißer Hirsch – Bühlau Template:Convert 48 min 31
12 Striesen – Blasewitz – Straßburger Platz – Postplatz – Löbtau – Cotta – Leutewitz Template:Convert 49 min 32/33
13 Prohlis – Strehlen – Zoo – Straßburger Platz – Neustadt – Pieschen – Mickten (– Kaditz) Template:Convert 48 min 37 (43)

Future plans, as part of the Stadtbahnprogrammn 2020, include Template:Convert of new tram line, with work starting in 2014. Some Template:Convert would be on reserved track, and the new lines would replace bus lines 61 and 62, some of the city's busiest, with an estimated cost of 223 million euros. The new lines comprise:

  • Prager Str to Plauen Bhf via Budapester Str and Chemnitzer Str
  • Grosser Garten to Löbtau via Technische Universität
  • City Center to Fetscherplatz via Pillnitzer Str and Striesener Str
  • Sachsenallee to Max-Planck-Institute via Johannstadt
  • Bühlau to Weissig

On all tram lines except line 4, a general 10-minute headway is offered on weekdays, extending to 15 minutes on Saturday, Sunday and in the evening. On the main routes through the inner city, where different lines intertwine, vehicles run up to every two minutes. Line 4, which extends a considerable distance beyond the city boundary to the towns of Radebeul, Coswig and Weinböhla, operates the standard 10 or 15 minute interval service as far as Radebeul West, and a 30 minute service beyond that to Coswig and Weinböhla.<ref name=ttbook>Template:Cite web</ref>

Fleet

File:NGT8DD heck.jpg
A DWA 8-axle car in the snow.

Template:As of, Dresden's tram fleet was made up of 166 modern tramsets (with 31 older trams).<ref name="DVB-trams">Template:Cite web</ref> Most of the trams operating in Dresden are articulated low floor cars, of two different basic designs, each of which has several variants.

The first generation of low floor cars was built by Deutsche Waggonbau (DWA) in Bautzen between 1995 and 2002; both 6 and 8 axle variants exist. The second generation of low floor cars have been built since 2003 by Bombardier Transportation, also in Bautzen, and are of that manufacturer's Flexity Classic design; both 8 and 12 axle variants exist. The articulated cars vary in length from Template:Convert long; all run as single car sets.<ref name="DVB-trams" />

File:NGTD8DD Friedrichstadt.jpg
A Bombardier 8-axle car at the Friedrichstadt terminus.

The fleet used to be composed of ?KD Tatra trams that provided service towards the end of the GDR era. At present some Tatra T4 cars built between 1968 and 1984 are still in service, but it is intended that they will all be replaced by 2010. The Tatra cars are all high floor, precluding level boarding from tram stops, and run in two car sets with a set length of some Template:Convert.<ref name="DVB-trams" /><ref name=coddvb>Template:Cite web</ref>

The DVB tram fleet operates out of three depots; at Gorbitz on routes 2,6 and 7 in south west Dresden, at Trachenberge on route 3 in the north-west, and Reick on routes 1, 9 and 13 in the south-east. Gorbitz is new facility opened in 1996 and includes a new central workshops. Trachenberge and Reick are older facilities that have both been heavily rebuilt to similar standards, whilst several other older depots have been closed. The former central workshops at Trachenberge, adjacent to the current depot, now house the Dresden Tram Museum, which has a collection including examples of many former Dresden trams.<ref name=taut0804 /><ref name =stbdd>Template:Cite web</ref> Template:Clear left

CarGoTram

thumb The CarGoTram is a freight carrying tram that supplies Volkswagen's Transparent Factory, crossing the city. The two trams, up to Template:Convert long, are the longest vehicles allowed to use roads in Dresden. The connection by tram was established to reduce the number of trucks used. The factory is located to the east of the city centre, next to the Großer Garten, whilst the distribution depot that loads the parts is to the west of the city centre.<ref name=cargo>Template:Cite web</ref> Template:Clear

See also

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  • List of town tramway systems in Germany
  • Trams in Germany

References

Notes

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Bibliography

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External links

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Template:Stadtbahn and town tramway systems Template:Urban public transport in Germany

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