Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie
right.]] The Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie (Flemish Radio and Television Broadcasting Organization), or VRT, is the national public-service broadcaster for the Flemish Region and Community of Belgium.
It is the successor to the Nationaal Instituut voor de Radio-omroep (NIR; 1930–60), Belgische Radio- en Televisieomroep (BRT; 1960–1991), and Belgische Radio- en Televisieomroep Nederlandstalige Uitzendingen (BRTN; 1991–1998). The NIR (known as the INR in French) and BRT (RTB in French) had each been single state-owned entities with separate Dutch- and French-language production departments, but with the growing degree of federalism resulting from state reform in Belgium, BRT/RTB went their separate ways in 1977. The former French half changed its name to RTBF in 1977, while the Dutch side retained the BRT name until becoming BRTN in 1991. However, the two broadcasters share production facilities on Auguste Reyerslaan (French: Boulevard Auguste Reyers) in Brussels.
The final renaming to VRT, on 1 January 1998, followed a change in the organization's legal status: from being part of a semi-governmental entity (a parastatale in Belgian terminology) it had, on 16 April 1997, became a publicly owned corporation (NV van publiek recht) in its own right.
As successors to the INR/INR, VRT and its counterpart in the French Community of Belgium, RTBF, are both members of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) – an association of public broadcasters in the countries of Europe and the Mediterranean rim that, amongst other activities, organizes the annual Eurovision Song Contest.
With the ending of the its television monopoly – marked by the creation of VTM, a commercial television company that initially captured more than half of VRT's audience – the public broadcaster has been compelled to fight back, and part of its successful response has been the use of external production houses such as Woestijnvis, the creator of such formats as The Mole (De mol) and Man bijt hond.
Television channels are transmitted on:
- Astra satellite on TV Vlaanderen Digitaal, an encrypted pay satellite service.
- Cable: analog and digital on all Belgian and Dutch cable providers;
- DSL lines through IPTV to Belgacom customers;
- Satellite free-to-air worldwide as a participant in the Dutch/Flemish BVN channel
- Terrestrial digital using DVB-T in Flanders on Norkring's network.
- Eén (Dutch for: one), the main channel, formerly known as VRT TV1. Started in 1953 on VHF channel 10. In PAL colour since 1971. In 1977 the transmission standard changed from Belgian 625 to European CCIR) standard.
- Ketnet, the children's channel & after Ketnet OP12
- Canvas, the quality TV channel
- Eén HD A HD-simulcast of Eén.
- Canvas HD A HD-simulcast of Canvas.
- Sporza, the sports channel
Sporza was active as a separate channel during the summer of 2004, but has been removed from the air starting September 2004. Normal sports-programmes on the other channels now also carry the name Sporza due to the huge popularity of the channel. The radio station 927 Live for sports programmes is now called Sporza. The online sports-news also goes by the name Sporza.
- BRTN TV2 was launched on 26 April 1977 as BRT TV2. BRT(N) TV2 broadcast Terzake and Het Journaal 8 uur until Sunday, 30 November 1997, when TV2 ceased transmission. On Monday 1 December 1997, BRTN TV2 was split into two channels: BRTN Ketnet and BRTN Canvas. The two channels were part of BRTN until 1998 – Canvas and Ketnet are still broadcasting as part of VRT2.
The VRT broadcasts radio channels in both analog format (FM and AM) and digital format (using DAB and DVB-T). All channels are also broadcast live over the Internet.
International broadcasting is done via VRT's Radio Vlaanderen Internationaal (RVi).
Analog and digital
- Radio 1, news, information and cultural channel
- Radio 2, popular channel
- Klara, classical music channel (formerly Radio 3)
- Studio Brussel, young and alternative channel
- Sporza, sports (radio & TV) [Sporza Radio only on Radio 1]
- MNM, hit music (formerly radio Donna)
- Klara continuo, speech-free classical music
- Nieuws+, latest news programme continuously repeated
- MNM Hits, continuous popular music
They also have a TMC service transmitted on Radio 2.
- List of radio stations in Belgium
- List of television stations in Belgium
- Bert De Graeve, former CEO
- Tony Mary, former CEO
- April 16 'Belgian pubcaster to launch HD Channel' via Broadband TV News