Template:Unreferenced Template:Infobox UK place West Hampstead is an area in the London Borough of Camden in north-west London, England, mainly defined by the railway stations of the same name. It is situated between Childs Hill to the north, Frognal and Hampstead to the north-east, Swiss Cottage to the east, South Hampstead to the south-east, Kilburn to the south and Cricklewood to the north-west.
West Hampstead's proximity to the Metropolitan line at Finchley Road, and its own Jubilee line stop (West Hampstead), together with a high concentration of bars and restaurants, means that the area is a popular leisure destinationTemplate:Fact for people who live in the north-western part of London. West End Lane has several cafés, bakeries and small shops, creating a "village" atmosphere during the dayTemplate:Fact. In addition to the London Underground links, West Hampstead is also served by West Hampstead Overground station and West Hampstead Thameslink railway station.
The village of West End
An area called, in the mid-13th century, le Rudyng (indicating a woodland clearing) had, by 1534, come to be called West End. It was then a freehold estate belonging to Kilburn Priory, and was so-called because it was at the west end of another, larger estate. Although it is possible that there was a dwelling on the estate prior to 1244, an estate house was certainly extant by 1646.<ref name=brhistonline>Template:Cite book</ref> West End Lane (named as such by 1644) is still bent at right-angle at the north and south ends where it connects to Finchley Road and Edgware Road respectively. This is because the lane used to form the boundary between a number of different estates.<ref name=brhistonline></ref>
By the early 17th century a number of houses were present, and by the middle of that century London merchants were building larger houses in the area, so turning a hamlet into the village of West End.<ref name=brhistonline></ref>
Modern West Hampstead developed with the arrival of the railways, which led to the transformation of the area from farmland into housing estates. In 1879, the Metropolitan Railway adopted the name West Hampstead for its station on West End Lane, the main road through the area.<ref name=brhistonline></ref> Template:Cleanup image
- The first public library in West Hampstead was opened in 1901, but it was destroyed by a fire bomb in 1940.Template:Fact
- The West Hampstead Fire Station was also opened in 1901<ref name=brhistonline></ref> and is still operating, responding to over two thousand emergency calls a year. Its service area covers Template:Convert, including Hampstead, West Hampstead, Kilburn, Cricklewood and parts of Golders Green.
Location in context
Template:West Hampstead stations There are three railway stations named West Hampstead all within close proximity, as well as a number of other tube stations in the area. Numerous bus routes also pass through the district.
- Tube: West Hampstead tube station, on the Jubilee line. Nearby is Finchley Road tube station, on the Jubilee and Metropolitan lines.
- Trains: West Hampstead Thameslink station on First Capital Connect, and West Hampstead Overground station on the North London Line.
- Buses: 139 (West Hampstead to Waterloo via Oxford Street, 24 hours), 328 (Golders Green to Chelsea via Notting Hill), and C11 (Brent Cross Shopping Centre to Archway via Hampstead Heath).
West Hampstead signal box
The power signal box (PSB) for the northern end of the Thameslink route is in Iverson Road, West Hampstead, just around the corner from the Thameslink station. The Network Rail signal box can be seen from the north end of the platforms on the left. As well as being a 24 hours a day, 7 days a week operational building, it also houses engineers and acts as a base for Mobile Operation Managers (MOMs). The upper floor of this box controls the signals and operation of the railway from Farringdon/St Pancras International as far as Sharnbrook (just north of Bedford Station). Also located in the signal box (in the same room as the signalling panels) is First Capital Connect's Thameslink control (also known to staff as the Service Delivery Centre or SDC). FCC's services between London Blackfriars and Bedford are controlled from here. South of Blackfriars, FCC trains are either controlled by southeastern control (to Sevenoaks) or FCC's other SDC at Croydon (for services to Brighton and Sutton/Wimbledon). Information on the service status of the line, including the operation of the information screens, is also controlled from here. East Midlands Trains do not have controllers at West Hampstead however.
- Chaka Khan – singer
- Matt Lucas – comedian and actor
- Joan Armatrading – singer and musician, lived here in her early days
- Camila Batmanghelidjh – businesswoman, charity leader and author
- Sacha Bennett – filmmaker
- Dirk Bogarde – actor
- Jim Carter – actor
- Gus Dudgeon – record producer, lived at Kings Gardens and worked at Decca Studios in Broadhurst Gardens
- Marina Fiorato – author
- Angela Griffin – actress and television presenter
- Doris Lessing – author
- Slash – guitarist for Velvet Revolver and former guitarist for Guns N' Roses
- Henry Spinetti – drummer, session musician and brother of the actor Victor Spinetti
- Dusty Springfield – singer, was born here
- Imelda Staunton – actress
- Emma Thompson – actress, comedian and screenwriter
- Sophie Thompson – actress
- Johnny Vegas – actor, comedian
- Gerry Anderson – publisher, producer, director and writer
- Stephen Fry – actor and television presenter
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West End Green, near the northern end of West End Lane
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Shops on West End Lane
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Shops, Library on West End Lane
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West Hampstead tube station
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West Hampstead London Overground station
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West Hampstead Thameslink station
- Hampstead Scientific Society
- Hampstead Synagogue
- West Hampstead Business Directory compiled by Paramount Properties