Wimbledon station

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Template:Use dmy dates Template:Use British English Template:Infobox London station

Wimbledon station is a National Rail, London Underground, and Tramlink station located in Wimbledon in the London Borough of Merton, and is the only London station that provides an interchange between rail, Underground, and Tramlink services. The station serves as a junction for services from London Underground's District line and National Rail operators (South West Trains and First Capital Connect), as well as Tramlink route 3. Some early morning services on the First Capital Connect route are provided by Southern. The station is in Travelcard Zone 3.

The station has 10 platforms. Platforms 1-4 are for London Underground, Platforms 5 and 8 are for inner suburban services, Platform 9 is for Thameslink and Platform 10 for the Croydon Tramlink. Platforms 6 and 7 are for express and outer suburban services, but most of these services only call at Wimbledon during The Championships.

History

The first railway station in Wimbledon was opened on 21 May 1838, when the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) opened its line from its terminus at Nine Elms in Battersea to Woking. The original station was to the south of the current station on the opposite side of the Wimbledon Bridge.

On 22 October 1855, the Wimbledon and Croydon Railway (W&CR) opened the West Croydon to Wimbledon Line to West Croydon via Mitcham and on 1 October 1868 the Tooting, Merton and Wimbledon Railway (TM&WR) opened a line to Tooting Junction (now just Tooting station).

On 3 June 1889, the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR, now London Underground's District Line) opened the extension of its line from Putney Bridge,<ref name="Rose">Rose 1999</ref> making Wimbledon station the new terminus of that branch and providing Wimbledon with a direct connection to the developing London Underground system. The station was rebuilt on its current site for the opening of this service.

District Line steam-hauled services were replaced by electric services from 27 August 1905. Mainline suburban services were gradually replaced by electric rolling stock either side of World War I although long distance journeys continued to use steam-haulage until much later.

The station was rebuilt again with its current Portland stone entrance building by the Southern Railway (SR, the post Grouping successor to the L&SWR) in the late 1920s as part of the SR's construction of the line to Sutton. Parliamentary approval for this line had been obtained by the Wimbledon and Sutton Railway (W&SR) in 1910 but work had been delayed by World War I.<ref name="RailwayMag">Jackson 1966.</ref> From the W&SR's inception, the MDR was a shareholder of the company and had rights to run trains over the line when built. In the 1920s, the London Electric Railway (LER, precursor of London Underground) planned, through its ownership of the MDR, to use part of the route for an extension of the City and South London Railway (C&SLR, now the Northern line) to Sutton.<ref name="RailwayMag"/> The SR objected and an agreement was reached that enabled the C&SLR to extend as far as Morden in exchange for the LER giving up its rights over the W&SR route. The SR subsequently built the line, one of the last to be built in the London area. It opened on 7 July 1929 to South Merton and to Sutton on 5 January 1930.<ref name="RailwayMag"/>

On 2 June 1997, the West Croydon to Wimbledon Line was closed by Railtrack for conversion to operation as part of the Tramlink tram operations. Part of platform 10 was utilised for the single track terminus of Tramlink route 3 and rail tracks and infrastructure were replaced with those for the tram system. The new service opened on 30 May 2000. The other part of platform 10 is currently used as a terminus for First Capital Connect services.

Wimbledon Station was also the haunt of a 'Railway Collection Dog'. Airedale Terrier "Laddie" was born in September 1948 and started work on Wimbledon Station in 1949, collecting donations on behalf of the Southern Railwaymen's Homes at Woking, via a box strapped to his back. He retired in 1956 having collected over £5,000 and spent the rest of his days with the residents at the Home. On his death in 1960 he was stuffed and returned to Wimbledon Station. He continued to collect for the Homes, in a glass case situated on Platform 5, until 1990 when he retired once more and became part of the National Railway Collection.

Oyster cards

Wimbledon station presents an unusual procedure with the Oyster card pay as you go electronic ticketing system. Ordinarily, London Underground passengers with Oyster cards must "touch in" at the start of their journey and "touch out" at the end. Those who fail to "touch out" will be charged the maximum possible fare from their starting point. Tramlink passengers starting a journey at Wimbledon, after passing through the entry gates, will not be able to "touch out" at the end of their tram journey, since tram stops provide no facility to do so. Instead they must "touch in" a second time on the tram platform at Wimbledon, after passing through the ticket barrier. The system will then recognise that no tube journey has been made.

A similar issue arises for passengers arriving at Wimbledon by tram. Normally tram users do not touch out, but at Wimbledon they must do so in order to leave the station. Touching out at the regular turnstile accomplishes this. If, however, a passenger touches their card at a standalone Oyster reader (such as the one by the manual gates), the system will see this as starting a new journey rather than ending one, and will deduct a maximum cash fare from the card.

Future

If Crossrail 2 is built, new tunnels will be dug between Wimbledon and Raynes Park, calling at Wimbledon in tunnel and routing trains via Template:LUL stations and central London to Hackney and beyond to either Alexandra Palace (in tunnel the whole way) or Hertford East (surfacing before Tottenham Hale, taking over the West Anglia Main Line north of there). This would provide another set of transport links for the area and direct services to Template:LUL stations and Template:LUL stations.

There is also a proposal for an extension of the Tramlink services running from Wimbledon to Sutton via Morden, St. Helier and Rose Hill. This scheme would require some rearrangement of platforms and tracks within the station as the single platform currently in use would not be able to handle the additional traffic.

Transport links

London bus routes 57, 93, 131, 156, 163, 164, 200, 219, 493 and night route N87. There is also a taxi rank beside the station.

During the annual Lawn Tennis Championships there is a dedicated bus service between Wimbledon Station and the LTA grounds in Church Road.

Services

The typical off-peak service frequency is: Template:Div col

  • South West Trains
    • 16tph (trains per hour) to Waterloo direct
    • 2tph to Waterloo via Kingston & Richmond
    • 4tph to Guildford, 2 via Surbiton & Cobham and 2 via Epsom & Leatherhead
    • 2tph to Chessington South
    • 2tph to Dorking
    • 2tph to Hampton Court
    • 2tph to Shepperton
    • 2tph to Woking via Weybridge
  • First Capital Connect
    • 2tph to Luton Via Haydons Road and Tooting
    • 2tph to St Albans Via Sutton and Mitcham Junction
  • District line
  • Tramlink
    • 8tph (trams per hour) to New Addington

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See also

  • Wimbledon Traincare depot – located a little to the north of the station, on the west side of the main line tracks.

References

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Bibliography

External links

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