Template:Infobox UK place Yiewsley is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon. Its name derives from the Anglo-Saxon Wifelesl?ah: "Wifel's woodland clearing". Yiewsley was a chapelry in the ancient parish of Hillingdon, Middlesex.
The nearest places to Yiewsley are Hayes, Harlington, Cowley, Harmondsworth, Sipson, and West Drayton.
The population of Yiewsley was recorded as 11,767 in 2008, by the Office for National Statistics.
Yiewsley is not mentioned in the Domesday Book. The place-name probably derives from the Anglo-Saxon Wifelesl?ah: "Wifel's woodland clearing".
There is little recorded about Yiewsley until the late 18th century, when the Grand Junction Canal was cut. A branch of the canal known as Otter Dock was cut between Yiewsley and West Drayton in the years 1876-1879 in order to service Yiewsley's brickworks. Brick-making and agriculture were the main industries in Yiewsley during the late 18th and 19th centuries, and the expansion of the brickworks resulted in a large growth in population. Five million bricks moulded and fired in the Hillingdon Brickfields every year were transported by canal to a yard near South Wharf Basin, Paddington. The last brick-field closed in 1935 following strikes and the Great Depression, and around this time Otter Dock was filled in.<ref name="r1">http://www.yiewsley.org.uk/history.htm</ref>
The arrival of the Great Western Railway and the building of West Drayton railway station in 1838 resulted in new houses being built and a sharp increase in both population and trade. A branch line to Uxbridge was completed in 1856. This ran until closed as part of the Beeching plan in 1964 (although passenger services had been discontinued in 1962).
As the population grew, a new church — St Matthew's — was dedicated on 6 July 1859, and enlarged in 1898. Yiewsley remained a parish of Hillingdon until 1896.
The area has some important local neighbourhood groups.
The Yiewsley and West Drayton Town Centre Action Group co-ordinates local interests to make the area vibrant and attractive. The group's work can be found at the UB7.org website at http://www.ub7.org.
West Drayton is also home to an arts centre, which is located near to the Green. The arts centre, Southlands, is keen to attract new members and has its own website at http://www.southlandsarts.co.uk.
The area also has its own history society.
Hillingdon Primary Care Trust is based in Yiewsley.
The nearest railway stations are Hayes and Harlington, Iver and West Drayton.
- Ronnie Wood, guitarist in rock bands the Rolling Stones and The Faces, grew up in Yiewsley, attending St Stephen's Infant School and St Matthew's Church of England Primary School
- Musician Kim Gardner (1948–2001), of power rock trio Ashton, Gardner and Dyke, grew up in Yiewsley
- Special effects man Wally Gentleman (1926–2001), whose credits include 2001: A Space Odyssey and Universe, was born in Yiewsley