1952 Air France SNCASE Languedoc crash
The 1952 Air France SNCASE Languedoc crash occurred on 3 March 1952 when a SNCASE SE.161/P7 Languedoc aircraft of Air France crashed on take-off from Nice Airport for Le Bourget Airport, Paris, killing all 38 people on board. The cause of the accident was that the aileron controls had jammed, which in itself was contributed to by a design fault. The accident was the third deadliest in France at the time and is the deadliest involving the SNCASE Languedoc.
The accident aircraft was a SNCASE SE.161/P7 Languedoc, msn 43, registration F-BCUM. The aircraft was powered by four Template:Convert Pratt & Whitney R-1830 SIC-3-G engines.<ref name=ASN030352>Template:Cite web</ref>
Shortly after take-off from Nice Airport on a scheduled domestic passenger flight to Orly Airport, Paris, the aircraft was seen to bank to the left, roll onto its back and crash about Template:Convert north of the airport. All four crew and 34 passengers on board were killed.<ref name=ASN030352/> The flight had originated in Tunis, Tunisia.<ref name=Flight070352>Template:Cite journal</ref> The accident was the third deadliest in France at the time and is the deadliest involving the SNCASE Languedoc.<ref name=ASN030352/>
Thirteen of the victims were British, including shipowner John Emlyn-Jones and his wife.<ref name=Times040352b>Template:Cite newspaper The Times</ref> Amongst the other victims were the French actresses Lise Topart and Michèle Verly and the American actress and ballet dancer Harriet Toby. A Frenchwoman was initially reported to have survived the crash seriously injured,<ref name=Times040352>Template:Cite newspaper The Times</ref> but she died later in hospital,<ref name=ILN150352>Template:Cite journal</ref> bringing the total to 38 deaths.<ref name=ASN030352/>
An investigation found that the cause of the accident was that the co-pilot's aileron controls had jammed due to a chain slipping off its sproket. The difficulty of setting and inspecting the chains in the dual control columns was cited as a contributory factor in the accident.<ref name=ASN030352/>