Battersea Railway Bridge
The Battersea Railway Bridge - properly called the Cremorne Bridge, after the pleasure grounds in Chelsea and originally commonly referred to as the Battersea New Bridge - is a bridge across the River Thames in London, between Battersea and Chelsea and forming part of the West London Line of the London Overground from Clapham Junction to Willesden Junction.
The bridge was designed by William Baker, chief engineer of the London and North Western Railway, and was opened on the 2nd March 1863 <ref name="Battersea Railway Tour UK">Battersea Railway Bridge Tour UK (website)</ref> at a cost of £87,000.<ref name=glide>Template:Cite web</ref> It carries two sets of railway lines and consists of five Template:Convert lattice girder arches set on stone piers.<ref name=refurb>Template:Cite web</ref>
There is a three-arch brick viaduct on the north side of the bridge, with one arch having been opened to provide a pedestrian route under the railway, as part of the Thames Path. On the south side there are four arches, two of which are used as storage for the residents of a houseboat community located immediately downstream of the bridge.<ref name=refurb/>
The bridge was strengthened & refurbished in 1969, and again in 1992. During a high tide in late 2003, the structure was struck by a refuse-barge, and some of the lower structural elements damaged significantly: repairs were completed in early 2004.
Trains crossing the bridge are subject to a 20/30 mph speed limit (locomotive-hauled traffic is restricted to 20 mph, all other traffic is limited to 30 mph).<ref name="Battersea Railway Tour UK"/>
The bridge was declared a Grade II* listed structure in 2008, providing protection to preserve its special character from unsympathetic development.
- Crossings of the River Thames
- Loobet, Patrick — Battersea Past, 2002, p49. Historical Publications Ltd. ISBN 0-948667-76-1