Marne (river)

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Template:For Template:Infobox River The Marne is a river in France, a right tributary of the Seine in the area east and southeast of Paris. It is Template:Convert long. The river gave its name to the départements of Haute-Marne, Marne, Seine-et-Marne, and Val-de-Marne.

File:Chelles ile Refuge.jpg
An island in the Marne river near Chelles

The Marne starts in the Langres plateau, runs generally north then bends west between Saint-Dizier and Châlons-en-Champagne, joining the Seine at Charenton just upstream from Paris. In the Champagne région, part of the water is led through the artificial lake Lac du Der-Chantecoq, in order to regulate the water discharge. This way, large inundations or low river levels downstream are prevented.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref>

The Celts of Gaul worshipped a goddess known as Dea Matrona ("divine mother goddess") who was associated with the Marne.

The Marne is infamous as the site of the eponymous two battles during the First World War. The first battle was a turning point of World War I, fought in 1914. The second battle was fought four years later, in 1918. thumb

During the 19th and 20th centuries, the Marne inspired many painter artists among whom:

  • Camille Corot;
  • Paul Cézanne;
  • Pierre Emmanuel Damoye;
  • Camille Pissarro;
  • Henri Rousseau, dit " Le Douanier Rousseau";
  • Albert Marquet;
  • Raoul Dufy;
  • André Dunoyer de Ségonzac;
  • Louis Vuillermoz;
  • Maurice Boitel;
  • Daniel du Janerand.

Départements and main towns crossed

File:Bord de la Marne.jpg
Banks of the Marne at Noisy-le-Grand
  • Haute-Marne (52): Langres, Chaumont, Saint-Dizier;
  • Marne (51): Vitry-le-François, Châlons-en-Champagne, Épernay;
  • Aisne (02): Château-Thierry;
  • Seine-et-Marne (77): Meaux, Lagny-sur-Marne, Saint-Thibault-des-Vignes, Torcy, Noisiel, Chelles;
  • Seine-Saint-Denis (93): Neuilly-sur-Marne, Noisy-le-Grand, Gournay-sur-Marne, Neuilly-Plaisance;
  • Val-de-Marne (94): Nogent-sur-Marne, Créteil, Charenton-le-Pont, Champigny-sur-Marne, Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, Joinville-le-Pont, Saint-Maurice, Bry-sur-Marne, Le Perreux-sur-Marne.

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External links

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