Sinaia

From Wiki
Revision as of 12:35, 30 June 2015 by Ingo Eigen (Talk | contribs) (Automatischer Import durch Python-Skript)

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search

Template:More footnotes Template:Infobox settlement Sinaia (Template:IPA-ro) is a town and a mountain resort in Prahova County, Romania. The town was named after Sinaia Monastery, around which it was built; the monastery in turn is named after the Biblical Mount Sinai. King Carol I of Romania built his summer home, Pele? Castle, near the town.

Sinaia is about Template:Convert northwest of Ploie?ti and Template:Convert south of Bra?ov, in a mountainous area on the Prahova River valley, just east of the Bucegi Mountains. The altitude varies from Template:Convert above sea level.

The city is a popular destination for hiking and winter sports, especially downhill skiing. Among the tourist landmarks, the most important are Pele? Castle, Peli?or Castle, Sinaia Monastery, Sinaia Casino, Sinaia train station, and the Franz Joseph and Saint Anne Cliffs. Sinaia was also the summer residence of the Romanian composer George Enescu, who stayed at the Lumini? villa. Template:Historical populations

Climate

File:Sinaia Prahova old pic.jpg
An 1890s postcard image of Sinaia

The climate is a characteristic of low-altitude mountain passes. Annual average temperature: Template:Convert Average temperature in June: Template:Convert Average temperature in January: Template:Convert.

Summers are bracing and very rainy in the beginning of the season. Winters are relatively mild, with heavy snow. Average annual rainfall is Template:Convert The maximum monthly registered rainfall was in June (173 mm). The minimum rainfall was recorded in September Template:Convert and February Template:Convert.

A uniform layer of snow is deposited usually in November and it melts from March to April, sometimes at the beginning of May. The thickness of the snow layer varies between 20 centimeters and 3 meters in higher elevations.

In recent years, Sinaia has felt the effects of global climate change – change that has meant shorter summers, with temperatures frequently over Template:Convert, a slight reduction in the length of spring and autumn, and relatively longer winters (end of October – beginning of May), colder winters with entire weeks dominated by frost Template:Convert and numerous blizzards.

Natural cure factors

Proponents claim that Sinaia has a refreshing and stimulating climate that is beneficial to the human body. There are also some mineral springs in Câinelui Valley that have sulphur-ferric mineral water and contain other soluble minerals.

Nature preservation

File:Sinaia Monastery.jpg
Sinaia Monastery

In the town of Sinaia and its surroundings restrictions are in place regarding cutting down or picking up flora. The felling of trees is not allowed. It is forbidden to pick up any alpine plants. Severe punishment may be in store for those who gather these plants: the Mountain Peony (Rhododendron Kotsky), Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum), and the Yellow Gentiana (Gentiana lutea). Tourist camping is only authorized in designated places, following necessary and compulsory protection standards.

The mountainous area in which Sinaia is located is in the Bucegi Natural Park region. The Park covers a total area of Template:Convert, of which Template:Convert are under strict protection and shelter natural monuments. The Bucegi Natural Preserve area includes all the abrupt areas of the mountains Vârful cu Dor, Furnica, and Piatra Ars?. The mountainous area is continuously patrolled by mountain rescue patrols as well as by members of the Mountain Police.

At the entrance to the Cump?tu district, one can find the “Sinaia alder-tree grove” botanical reservation placed under the protection of the Romanian Academy and the Bucharest Biology Institute. In the same district, there is also another ecological research station under the patronage of UNESCO – Jacques-Yves Cousteau, belonging to the University of Bucharest, which also includes a museum of Bucegi Mountains fauna in a laboratory for nature protection.

International relations

Template:See also

Twin towns — Sister cities

Sinaia is twinned with:

Notable residents

  1. George Enescu
  2. Romanian Royal family

Gallery

References

Template:Reflist

External links

Template:Commons category

Template:Romanian mountain resorts

Template:Prahova County