1st arrondissement of Paris
The 1st arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements (administrative districts) of the capital city of France.
Situated principally on the right bank of the River Seine, it also includes the west end of the Île de la Cité. The arrondissement is one of the oldest in Paris, the Île de la Cité having been the heart of the city of Lutetia, conquered by the Romans in 52 BC, while some parts on the right bank (including Les Halles) date back to the early Middle Ages.
It is the least populated of the city's arrondissements and one of the smallest by area, a significant part of which is occupied by the Louvre Museum and the Tuileries Gardens. Much of the remainder of the arrondissement is dedicated to business and administration.
The 1st arrondissement is very small, with a land area of only 1,83 km2 (0.705 sq. miles, or 451 acres).
The area now occupied by the first arrondissement attained its peak population in the period preceding the re-organization of Paris in 1860. In 1999, the population was 16,888, while the arrondissement hosted 63,056 jobs, making it one of the most active for business after the 2nd, 8th, and 9th.
(of French censuses)
(inh. per km²)
Each of the 20 Paris arrondissements is divided into four quarters (quartiers). The table below lists the four quarters of the 1st arrondissement:
figures from 1999 French census
(inh. per km²)
|Quartier Les Halles||8 980||0.412||21,796|
|Quartier Place Vendôme||3,040||0.270||11,259|
Korean Air's France office is in the 1st arrondissement.
At one time Air Inter's head office was located in the first arrondissement. When Minerve, an airline, existed, its head office was in the first arrondissement.
In terms of state-operated schools, the first arrondissement has two nursery schools (écoles maternelles), two primary schools (écoles élémentaires), one école polyvalente, one high school (collège), and one sixth form college (lycée).<ref name="Rech">"Rechercher un établissement." Académie Paris. Retrieved on 25 October 2011.</ref>
The state-operated nursery schools are École Maternelle Auxerrois and École Maternelle Sourdiere.<ref name="Rech"/> The state-operated primary schools are École Élémentaire Arbre Sec and École Élémentaire D'Argenteuil.<ref name="Rech"/> The arrondissement has one école polyvalente, École Polyvalente Cambon. Collège Jean-Baptiste Poquelin is the sole state-operated high school in the arrondissement. Lycée Professionnel Commercial Pierre Lescot is the sole state-operated sixth form college in the first arrondissement. Private primary and secondary institutions in the arrondissement include École Élémentaire Privée Notre-Dame-Saint-Roch, École du 2nd Degré Professionnel Privée Pigier, and École Technologique Privée de Dessin Technique et Artistique Sornas.<ref name="Rech"/>
Places of interest
- Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel, at the eastern end of the Axe historique ("grand historic axis")
- Banque de France headquarters
- Crédit Foncier de France historical headquarters
- The Louvre
- Musée de la Mode et du Textile
- Tuileries Garden
- Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume
- Galerie Véro-Dodat
- Les Arts Décoratifs
- Les Halles
- Musée du Barreau de Paris
- Musée Grévin - Forum des Halles
- Musée des Lunettes et Lorgnettes Pierre Marly
- Musée de la Publicité
- Palais Royal
- Hôtel de Rambouillet (former building)
- Hôtel Ritz Paris
- La Sainte-Chapelle
- La Samaritaine
- Pont Neuf
- Pont des Arts
Streets and squares
- Avenue de l'Opéra (partial)
- Rue de Rivoli (partial)
- Place Vendôme and the Vendôme Column
- Street Names of Paris, 1er arrondissement