2012 Istanbul rally to commemorate the Khojaly massacre

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Template:Cleanup-reorganize Template:Coord Template:Infobox historical event A rally commemorating the twentieth anniversary of the 1992 massacre of Azerbaijani civilians by Armenian and CIS forces (of former Soviet republics) took place in Istanbul on 26 February 2012. It is the largest campaign within "Justice for Khojaly" framework. The demonstration with slogan "We are all from Khojaly" (Template:Lang-az, Template:Lang-tr) started in front of Galatasaray High School and lasted several hours in Taksim Square (Istanbul, Turkey) with around 200 000 participants.<ref name="news.az">News.az: ‘We are all from Khojaly’ rally in Istanbul draws nearly 200,000 - PHOTOS</ref>

The rally however took a very racist tone as many members of the crowd displayed anti-Armenian slogans containing hate speech and chanted violent threats towards Armenians.<ref name="Azeris mark 20th anniversary of Khojaly Massacre in Istanbul" /><ref name="National Turk 28 Feb" /><ref name="Racism at Taksim: You are all Armenian, you are all Bastards!" />

"Justice for Khojaly" campaign

"Justice for Khojaly" or shortly "JFK" is the International Awareness Campaign, initiated on 8 May 2008 under the motto of “Justice for Khojaly, Freedom for Karabakh” The website of the JFK campaign allows internet users to sign a petition to world leaders "to recognize the Khojaly Massacre as a crime against humanity and to fight injustice in the world". The petition has been signed by more than 143 500 users online as of 27 December 2012. In total, around 1 million people joined this campaign

Demonstration

Around 200 000 participants<ref name="news.az"/> for the 20th anniversary remembrance of the Khojaly Massacre victims, dozens of youth and student organizations, public unions, Turkish organizations and movements participated in the rally. The number of participants was expected to be in the tens of thousands including Azerbaijanis and Turks, while more than 200 000 people of other ethnic backgrounds also joined the rally. The resolution of the rally was read during the protest urging the organizers of the Khojaly Massacre to be punished according to international law. The Istanbul police dispatched heavy security to the French Cultural Center on ?stiklal Avenue, where demonstrators were marching, fearing possible attacks on the building. The participants were mainly Turks and their aim was to show solidarity with the Azerbaijani people

The rally was attended by nationalist organizations and political parties such as the Nationalist Movement Party, Ulku Ocaklari, and the Alperen Ocaklari (a youth branch of the far right Islamic Great Union Party party).<ref name="Azeris mark 20th anniversary of Khojaly Massacre in Istanbul"/> Security was increased around the Greek and French consulates whilst the road leading towards the Agos newspaper office was blocked off.<ref name="Azeris mark 20th anniversary of Khojaly Massacre in Istanbul" /> Attendance estimates ranged from 20,000 to 100,000 by the organizers.

Istanbul governor Hüseyin Avni Mutlu attended the rally, and it was addressed by the Turkish Interior Minister ?dris Naim ?ahin who said: There has never been a stage for such a courageous, honoured, determined, peaceful and brotherly meeting. I salute you! Welcome, shall your unity be everlasting!<ref name="NGO files complaint against minister">Template:Cite news</ref><ref name="Turkey Special: The Government Supports a Hyper-Nationalist --- and Threatening --- Protest">Template:Cite news</ref> Various slogans included, "We are all from Khojaly", "Stop Armenian agression";, "Do not forget Turkic people genocide by Armenian gangs in southern Azerbaijan", "One nation, two countries, Justice for Khojaly!",<ref name="kanalb.com.tr">Kanalb.com.tr: Taksim'de Hocal? Katliam? Protesto Edildi</ref> "Stop Armenian lies".<ref name="kanalb.com.tr"/>

Protesters later dispersed without any incident.

Racist slogans

Some elements of the crowd displayed anti-Armenian slogans containing hate speech and chanted violent threats towards Armenians.<ref name="Azeris mark 20th anniversary of Khojaly Massacre in Istanbul">Template:Cite news</ref><ref name="National Turk 28 Feb">Template:Cite news</ref><ref name="Racism at Taksim: You are all Armenian, you are all Bastards!">Template:Cite web</ref><ref name="Hepiniz Ermenisiniz hepiniz piçsiniz’">Template:Cite news</ref><ref name="Racism mars Khojaly protest in Taksim">Template:Cite news</ref><ref name='Protests in Istanbul: "You are all Armenian, you are all bastards"'>Template:Cite news</ref> The anti-Armenian chants and slogans used by elements of the crowd included : You are all Armenian, you are all bastards; Bastards of Hrant cannot scare us; Today Taksim, Tomorrow Yerevan, we can come suddenly at night; Let Armenia be gone.<ref name='Protests in Istanbul: "You are all Armenian, you are all bastards"' /><ref name="National Turk 28 Feb" /> Some chants supported Ogun Samast, the convicted assassin of ethnic Armenian journalist Hrant Dink.<ref name="Azeris mark 20th anniversary of Khojaly Massacre in Istanbul" /><ref name="National Turk 28 Feb" /><ref name="Racism at Taksim: You are all Armenian, you are all Bastards!" /><ref name="Hocal? protestolar?nda Samast ve Çatl? sloganlar?">Template:Cite news</ref><ref name="Hepiniz Ermenisiniz Hepiniz Piçsiniz">Template:Cite news</ref>

Students at the Süleyman Demirel University in Isparta reportedly chanted Mount A?r? will become your grave.

Related events

  • Simultaneously, the Youth Forum of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) opened an exhibition of photos and paintings in Istanbul within the framework of an international campaign titled Justice for Khojaly. The exhibition takes place at the Taksim Metro Station Exhibition Hall.
  • To commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Khojaly massacre, thousands of people gathered in the Turkish capital city Ankara as well.

Reactions

The Armenian National Committee of America condemned the rally and urged the United States Ambassador to Turkey, Francis Ricciardone, to immediately condemn the demonstration. The Agos bilingual Turkish Armenian newspaper similarly condemned the demonstrations and organized a demonstration on 4 March calling for 'an end to racism' and 'brotherhood for all peoples'.

The Union of Socialist Azerbaijanis of Turkey issued a statement noting that the events surrounding the Khojali demonstrations should not be used "as a tool to deny the Armenian Genocide". A union member claimed in the Taraf newspaper : that the government of Azerbaijan had subsidized the travel costs for some of the participants in the demonstration at a cost of about US$ 2 million.<ref name=http://news.am>Template:Cite news</ref><ref name="Sosyalist Azeriler'den eylem">Template:Cite news</ref>

On February 27, the head of Parliament’s Human Rights Commission, Ayhan Sefer Ustun, called on Turkey’s prosecutors to take action against protesters who held up racist signs at the rally.<ref name="Racism mars Khojaly protest in Taksim" /> He told journalists that the hateful messages "completely devalued" the commemorative nature of the event.<ref name="Racism mars Khojaly protest in Taksim" />

The European Union raised concerns regarding the racist slogans. A statement by the European Commission urged Turkey and its media to adopt a code of ethics on respect to religious minorities and the necessity to adopt new legislation to prosecute the incitement of hatred.

Arrests

On 18 April 2012 the police in Istanbul arrested nine people in connection with the protests. They were released after stating that just before the demonstrations they were handed the offending banners by people unknown to them.<ref name=hurriyetdailynews>Template:Cite news</ref>

External links

See also

  • Karabakh War

References

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