Beylikdüzü

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Location

Beylikdüzü is a district in the European suburbs of Istanbul, Turkey, located north of the Sea of Marmara, south of Esenyurt, east of Büyükçekmece, and west of Avc?lar.

History

It is assumed that Beylikdüzü was first settled by Greeks from Byzantion in the second century AD as a farming village. It later became a popular resort for residents of Constantiople in the Byzantine Empire, a status that continued after the Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire. The region was referred to as "Garden" in the later Ottoman period, and following the foundation of the Turkish Republic was called "Kavakl?," after the large number of poplar trees, a name which was used until 2003. The modern name means "Plains of the Beylik."

Recent History

Beylikdüzü is populated especially after the 1999 Great Marmara Earthquake by the people from older districts of Istanbul who preferred to move to newly constructed buildings in Beylikdüzü because of their fear for safety of the old buildings. When the Metrobus (rapid bus system) is extended from Avc?lar to Beylikdüzü in 2012, Beylikdüzü is affected by the second wave of migration. With the advance of Metrobüs the perception of "distance" has changed and places which seemed far away before became closer, so many moved to Beylikdüzü. Since the population of Beylikdüzü consists mostly of migrants from other districts of Istanbul or Turkey and Beylikdüzü is a relatively recently established city, Beylikdüzü has gained a welcoming atmosphere for the newcomers without having any social stratification. The popularity of Beylikdüzü has increased greatly in the last few years and the region became a hot spot for residential and commercial investments. Beylikdüzü has the highest rapid increase in the land and property value in Turkey, making its investors richer in a very short time.

General

The slum districts common in much of Istanbul are rarer in Beylikdüzü, where a survey by the municipal council indicated that 40% of residents have a university degree. Beylikdüzu together with the Ataköy Marina district are now attracting the upper-middle class because of their good infrastructure, and are seeing the construction of new luxury developments. The attraction is also increased by their close proximity to the Istanbul Atatürk Airport. Beylikdüzü is home to the most shopping malls in Istanbul and is considered a heaven for shopping, also referred to as the "AVM cumhuriyeti" (or republic of shopping in English).

Beylikdüzü is the one of the most cosmopolitan districts of Istanbul, thus hosting a mosaic of different cultures of Turkey together with people from other countries. Beylikdüzü matches the European cities with its high green space per person. The green space is over 10M² per person in Beylikdüzü. Almost in every street and avenue trees are planted at equal distance; making the whole neighborhood as an open air museum. The construction of the botanical park in the huge valley between Adnan Kahveci and Cumhuriyet neighbourhood is still going on.

Istanbul Seafood Wholesale Market Hall in Kumkap? (in historical peninsula) is planned to be established in its new and bigger complex in Beylikdüzü. However, people with environmental awareness in Beylikdüzü have a concern that the new seafood market which is planned to be constructed by land reclamation on the Gürpinar coast of Beylikdüzü, can disturb the natural underwater current which cleans the Büyükçekmece Bay. Environmentalist people fear that having stopped the currents the bay can turn into a sewage zone and lost all its beauty. Plus some experts claim that the seafood supply is mostly carried from the land not from the sea so it will add an unnecessary traffic pressure on the Beylikdüzü's existing road system.

Neighbourhoods ("Mahalle" in Turkish)

  • Adnan Kahveci
  • Bar??
  • Büyük?ehir
  • Cumhuriyet
  • Derea?z?
  • Gürp?nar
  • Kavakl?
  • Marmara
  • Sahil
  • Yakuplu

Climate

Annual average temperature of the sea water is 14.4°C.

Annual average precipitation is 54.2 mm, with lowest in August and highest in December. The strongest winds are seen also in December.

Highest snowfall in Beylikdüzü is 60 cm.

Since Beylikdüzü is approximately 150 meters above the sea level, it is low in humidity and it is windier than the other central districts of Istanbul. Also Beylikdüzü is known for its clean and dry air. Winters tend to be stronger in Beylikdüzü compared to downtown areas. Since Beylikdüzü is surrounded by trees the change of seasons in Beylikdüzü offers a great visual show for its residents.

Tranportation

Choices of public transportation are very rich for the area. Access to the region became easier with the extension of the Metrobüs line to Beylikdüzü. Metrobüs operates 24 hours so it is possible to go to Beylikdüzü directly from the downtown anytime. It takes approximately 60 minutes by Metrobus to go to Mecidiyeköy – Zincirlikuyu (Istanbul downtown) from Beylikdüzü. In addition to Metrobus there are express public buses going directly to Beylikdüzü from Taksim square and vice versa. 145T collects its passengers from Cumhuriyet, Bar?? and Büyük?ehir neighbourhoods of Beylikdüzü and goes to Taksim using the highway. 145M collects its passengers from Adnan Kahveci neighbourhood and Esenyurt Cumhuriyet neighbourhood and goes to Taksim by getting on the highway.

Since Beylikdüzü is developed around the E-5 highway it is also possible to take any public bus that comes from Bak?rköy or Yenibosna and goes towards Büyükçekmece direction.

In the following months a construction of a subway line between Beylikdüzü and Bak?rköy will begin. Later on from Bak?rköy it will be connected to Yenikap? transfer station.

It is 13 kilometers from Beylikdüzü to Atatürk International Airport.

Beylikdüzü is connected to the TEM highway with Had?köy and Esenyurt service roads.

Public Buses to/from Beylikdüzü ;

  1. BM1 Kavakl? – Coast Road - Beylikdüzü Metrobüs Station(ring)
  2. BM2 Kavakl? - Coast Road - Beylikdüzü Metrobüs Station(ring, other way)
  3. BM3 Derea?z? neighbourhood - Beylikdüzü Municipality
  4. BM4 ?. Marmara Evleri - Beylikdüzü Metrobüs
  5. 458 Gürp?nar – Yenibosna Metro Station
  6. 76 Beylikdüzü - Bak?rköy
  7. 400A Yenibosna - Beykent, Adnan Kahveci neighbourhood
  8. 142B Albatros (Büyükçekmece)- Beylikdüzü - Halkal? - Bahçe?ehir – Fatih Sultan Mehmet Hospital
  9. 145 ?. Marmara Evleri - Aksaray
  10. 76Y ?. Marmara Evleri - Bak?rköy
  11. 76G Gürp?nar - Avc?lar Metrobus Station
  12. 76F Beylikdüzü – Fatih University

Double-Decker Express Public Busses to/from Beylikdüzü;

  1. 145M Adnan Kahveci neighbourhood - Beykent – Esenyurt (Cumhuriyet, Ye?ilkent and Güzelyurt neighbourhoods) – Taksim Square
  2. 145T Beylikdüzü (Bar??, Büyük?ehir, Cumhuriyet neighbourhoods) - Taksim Square

Metrobus Lines to/from Beylikdüzü;

  1. 34B Beylikdüzü - Avc?lar
  2. 34C Beylikdüzü - Cevizliba?
  3. 34G Beylikdüzü - Sö?ütlüçe?me (operates at midnight)

Other Public Buses Passing Along Beylikdüzü Highway;

  1. 303 Silivri - Yenibosna Metro Station
  2. 401 Çatalca - Yenibosna Metro Station
  3. 401T Tepekent - Yenibosna Metro Station
  4. 402 Bink?l?ç - Yenibosna Metro Station
  5. 403 Çiftlikköy - Yenibosna Metro Station
  6. 404 Karacaköy - Yenibosna Metro Station
  7. 418 Had?mköy - Yenibosna Metro Station
  8. 429 K?raç - Yenibosna Metro Station
  9. 448 Mimarsinan - Yenibosna Metro Station
  10. 76C Büyükçekmece - Yenibosna Metro Station
  11. HT18 Had?mköy - Yenibosna Metro Station
  12. HT48 Hünkartepe - Bat?kent - Avc?lar Metrobüs Station

Minibuses

  1. Büyükçekmece Seaside - Beykent - Migros Beylikdüzü
  2. Büyükçekmece Seaside - Beylikdüzü E-5 - Esenyurt Cumhuriyet neighbourhood - Esenyurt Merkez - Esenkent (Bahçe?ehir)
  3. Beylikdüzü - Avc?lar
  4. Adnan Kahveci - Beylikdüzü - Yakuplu Government Office
  5. Beylikdüzü - Büyükçekmece Seaside

Gallery

References

Template:Reflist

Template:Districts of Turkey