Boulogne-Billancourt (Template:IPA-fr; often colloquially called simply Boulogne) is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France. It is located Template:Convert from the centre of Paris. Boulogne-Billancourt is a subprefecture of the Hauts-de-Seine department and the seat of the Arrondissement of Boulogne-Billancourt.
With an average household income of €28,742, Boulogne-Billancourt is the wealthiest among French communes of more than 100,000 inhabitants, followed by Paris.
Boulogne-Billancourt is the most populous suburb of Paris and one of the most densely populated municipalities in Europe.Template:Citation needed Formerly an important industrial site, it has successfully reconverted into business services and is now home to major communication companies headquartered in the Val de Seine business district.
The original name of the commune was Boulogne-sur-Seine (meaning "Boulogne upon Seine").
Before the 14th century, Boulogne was a small village called Menuls-lès-Saint-Cloud (meaning "Menuls near Saint-Cloud"). In the beginning of the 14th century, King Philip IV of France ordered the building in Menuls-lès-Saint-Cloud of a church dedicated to the virgin of the sanctuary of Boulogne-sur-Mer, then a famous pilgrimage center in northern France. The church, meant to become a pilgrimage centre closer to Paris than the distant city of Boulogne-sur-Mer, was named Notre-Dame de Boulogne la Petite ("Our Lady of Boulogne the Minor"). Gradually, the village of Menuls-lès-Saint-Cloud became known as Boulogne-la-Petite, and later as Boulogne-sur-Seine.
In 1924, Boulogne-sur-Seine was officially renamed Boulogne-Billancourt to reflect the development of the industrial neighbourhood of Billancourt annexed in 1860 (see history section below).
As for the name Billancourt, it was recorded for the first time in 1150 as Bullencort, sometimes also spelled Bollencort. It comes from Medieval Latin cortem, accusative of cors, meaning "enclosure", "estate", suffixed to the Germanic patronym Buolo (meaning "friend, brother, kinsman"), thus having the meaning of "estate of Buolo".
On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighbouring communes. On that occasion, the communes of Auteuil and Passy were disbanded and divided between Boulogne-Billancourt (then called Boulogne-sur-Seine) and the city of Paris. Boulogne-sur-Seine received a small part of the territory of Passy, and about half of the territory of Auteuil (including the area of Billancourt, which belonged to the disbanded commune of Auteuil).
Some of the shooting events of the 1900 Summer Olympics took place in Boulogne-Billancourt.
In 1929, the Bois de Boulogne, which was hitherto divided between the communes of Boulogne-Billancourt and Neuilly-sur-Seine, was annexed in its entirety by the city of Paris. On that occasion, Boulogne-Billancourt, to which most of the Bois de Boulogne belonged, lost about half of its territory.
Boulogne-Billancourt is famous for being the birthplace of three major French industries: cinema,Template:Citation needed automobile with Renault,Template:Citation needed and aircraft.Template:Citation needed It is also famous for being the setting of the TV show "Code Lyoko."
With the city of Sèvres, Boulogne-Billancourt is part of the communauté d'agglomération Val de Seine.
Boulogne-Billancourt is served by two stations on Paris Métro Line 10: Boulogne – Jean Jaurès and Boulogne – Pont de Saint-Cloud.
It is also served by three stations on Paris Métro Line 9: Marcel Sembat, Billancourt, and Pont de Sèvres.
Boulogne-Billancourt hosts the global headquarters of several multinational companies, including:
- Française des JeuxTemplate:Citation needed
- Pika Édition
- TF1Template:Citation needed
- VallourecTemplate:Citation needed
Prior to 2000 Schneider Electric's head office was in Boulogne-Billancourt.<ref name="SchneiderHQ">Template:Cite web</ref>
- The Musée Albert-Kahn at 14, rue du Port, Boulogne-Billancourt is a national museum and includes four hectares of gardens, joining together landscape scenes of various national traditions. The museum also includes historic photographs and film.
- The Musée des Années Trente is a museum of artistic and industrial objects from the 1930s.
Boulogne-Billancourt was the birthplace of:
- Pierre Bellemare, actor, writer
- Pape Badiane, basketball player
- Bertrand Blier (born 14 March 1939), screenwriter and film director; son of Bernard Blier
- Hubert Le Blon, (21 March 1874 -2 April 1910), automobilist and pioneer aviator.
- Booba, rapper
- Daniel Buren (born 1938), conceptual artist
- Guillaume Canet (born 10 April 1973), actor, screenwriter and director
- Leslie Caron (born 1931), film actress and dancer
- Benjamin Castaldi (born 28 March 1970), TV presenter and producer; son of actor Jean-Pierre Castaldi, former husband of fellow TV presenter Flavie Flament
- Matthieu Chedid (born 21 December 1971), composer, singer, guitarist; son of fellow singer and composer Louis Chedid and grandson of writer and poetess Andrée Chedid.
- Michel Combes (born 1962), French businessman; the current CEO of Alcatel-Lucent
- Édith Cresson (born 1934), politician, former Prime Minister of France under François Mitterrand's presidency
- Xavier de Roux (born 1940), politician
- Michel Deville (born 13 April 1931), screenwriter and film director
- Alain Feydeau (born 21 July 1934), actor
- Anna Gavalda (born 1970), best-selling novelist
- Hippolyte Girardot (born 10 October 1955), actor
- André Glucksmann (born 1937), political philosopher, writer
- Anne Goscinny (born 19 May 1968), daughter of comics-maker René Goscinny (Astérix), and writer Gilberte Goscinny
- David Hallyday, (born David Smet on 14 August 1962), composer, pop rock singer; son of singers Johnny Hallyday (born Jean-Philippe Smet) and Sylvie Vartan, cousin of actress Laura Smet and actor Michael Vartan
- Raphaël Hamburger, (born on 2 April 1981), music supervisor, son of singers Michel Berger (born Michel Hamburger) and France Gall
- Raphaël Haroche, (born 7 November 1975), singer, songwriter and actor
- Jacques Huntzinger, (born 1 August 1943), ambassador
- Henri Kagan (born 1930), chemist
- Keny Arkana (born 20 December 1982), Argentinian-French rapper, and co-founder of the social movement La Rage du peuple
- Sandrine Kiberlain (born 25 February 1968), actress; wife of fellow French actor Vincent Lindon
- Louise L. Lambrichs (born 1952), novelist and screenwriter
- Gérard Lanvin (born 21 June 1950), actor
- Corinne Lepage (born 11 May 1951), actress
- Marc Levy (born 16 October 1961), international best-sellers writer
- Thierry Lhermitte (born 24 November 1952), actor, co-writer (usually with the band of the Splendid), director, producer.
- Nicolas Mahut (born January 21, 1982), tennis player
- François Mativet (born May 21, 1949), guitarist
- Nelson Monfort (born 12 March 1954), TV presenter, translator, sports commentator for French public television.
- Roger Monteaux (born 18 July 1879), actor
- Bulle Ogier (born Marie-France Thielland on 9 August 1939), actress
- Claude Pinoteau, actor, director, writer, producer
- Jérôme Pradon (born 3 June 1964), stage actor
- Thierry Roland (1934-2012), football specialist, sports journalist, TV commentator and presenter.
- Baron Edmond James de Rothschild (1845–1934), philanthropist and activist for Jewish affairs
- Véronique Sanson, singer
- Alain Sarde (born 28 March 1952), former actor, now writer and producer.
- Catherine Spaak (born 3 April 1945), actress
- Agnès Spaak (born 29 April 1944), actress
- Georgette Tissier (26 June 1910 – 30 March 1957 in Paris), actress
- Marie Trintignant (1962–2003), actress
- Gaspard Ulliel, (born 25 November 1984), actor, model
- Michael Vartan (born 1968), French-American actor
- Zazie (Isabelle de Truchis de Varennes, born 1964), singer-songwriter
- Adrien W. Jenot (born November 1, 1980), France-Canada Graphic designer/Typographer
Twin towns — Sister cities
Template:See also Boulogne-Billancourt is twinned with:
- Since 1955:
- Since 1968:
- Since 1993:
- Since 2012:
- Template:Flagicon Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
- Communes of the Hauts-de-Seine department
- Athletic Club de Boulogne-Billancourt
- Boulogne-Billancourt Half Marathon
- Site officiel de Boulogne-Billancourt Template:Fr icon
- Page Facebook de Boulogne-Billancourt Template:Fr icon
- Compte Twitter de Boulogne-Billancourt Template:Fr icon
- History of Billancourt Template:Fr icon