Template:Infobox French commune Clichy (Template:IPA-fr, sometimes unofficially Clichy-la-Garenne) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located Template:Convert from the center of Paris.
Located in Clichy are the headquarters of the L'Oréal Group, the world's largest company in cosmetics and beauty; Bic, one of the biggest pen producers in the world; and Sony France, a large electronics and media company.
The name Clichy was recorded for the first time in the 6th century as Clippiacum, later corrupted into Clichiacum, meaning "estate of Cleppius", a Gallo-Roman landowner.
In the 13th century, the plain of Clichy was used as a garenne (a word which gave English "warren"), i.e. a hunting park, a game preserve for the exclusive use of the king or a lord, and so Clichy became known as Clichy-la-Garenne ("Clichy the Warren").
Between 1793 and 1795, during the French Revolution, Clichy-la-Garenne was renamed Clichy-la-Patriote (meaning "Clichy the Patriot"), perhaps because the word garenne reminded people of the feudal privileges abolished in 1789.
After the Revolution, the French administration officially recorded the name of the commune as Clichy only, dropping the "la-Garenne". This is still the case today. However, in many instances the municipality of Clichy refers to the commune as Clichy-la-Garenne, although this is not the official name.
Clichy was the capital of the Merovingians during the rule of Dagobert I.
In 1830, part of the territory of Clichy was detached and became the commune of Batignolles-Monceau. On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighboring communes. Most of Batignolles-Monceau was annexed by the city of Paris, and now forms the major part of the 17th arrondissement of Paris, although a small part of the territory of Batignolles-Monceau was returned to Clichy.
On 11 January 1867, part of the territory of Clichy was detached and merged with a part of the territory of Neuilly-sur-Seine to create the commune of Levallois-Perret.
The canton covers a part of the commune; the other is in the northern part of Levallois-Perret.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Clichy is twinned with:
- Template:Flagicon Heidenheim, Germany, since 1959
- Template:Flagicon Sankt Pölten, Austria, since 1968
- Template:Flagicon Merthyr Tydfil, Wales, since 1980
- Template:Flagicon Santo Tirso, Portugal, since 1991
- Template:Flagicon Rubí, Spain, since 2005
- Template:Flagicon Southwark, England, since 2005
Clichy has also cooperation agreements with:
L'Oréal Group has its head office in the Centre Eugène Schueller in Clichy.
In addition, Monoprix has its head office in Clichy. Société Bic has its head office in Clichy.
At one time Fnac had its head office in Clichy. In 2008 the head office moved to Ivry-sur-Seine.
Clichy is served by Mairie de Clichy station on Paris Métro Line 13
It is also served by Clichy – Levallois station on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line.
- Oliver Messiaen, French composer, died here.
- Henry Miller, American author, lived here from 1932 to 1934.
- Jean-Luc Rougé, 1975 world Judo champion
- Audrey Bruneau, handball player
- Rochel Chery, basketball player
- Claude Dielna footballer
- Vincent Doukantie footballer
- Gwladys Epangue taekwondo
- Jeremy Helan footballer
- Julian Jeanvier, footballer
- Moustapha Keita, footballer
- Souleymane M'Baye boxer
- Windsor Noncent footballer
- Steed Tchicamboud basketball player
- Jacques Mesrine, French criminal, known as the French Robin Hood
- Communes of the Hauts-de-Seine department