Florya Atatürk Marine Mansion

From Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Template:Infobox Museum Florya Atatürk Marine Mansion, (Template:Lang-tr) is a historic presidential residence located offshore in the Sea of Marmara in the Florya neighborhood of the Bak?rköy district in Istanbul, Turkey.

It was built in 1935 by the municipality of Istanbul, for Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's recreational use. The building is a historic house museum today.

Architecture

Designed in the Bauhaus style by architect Seyfi Arkan, who was given the commission in 1935 by the municipality of Istanbul, the mansion was completed on August 14 the same year, and was gifted to Atatürk.<ref name="a">Template:Cite web</ref><ref name="ktb">Template:Cite web</ref><ref name="ms">Template:Cite web</ref>

The building is constructed on steel piles driven into the seabed and is connected to the sandy beach about Template:Convert away with a wooden pier. The L-shaped, one-floor mansion consists of a reception hall, a reading room, bedrooms and bathroom. There are also service and staff rooms at the complex.<ref name="a"/><ref name="ktb"/><ref name="ms"/> The total area covered by the mansion including the pier is Template:Convert.<ref name="ar">Template:Cite web</ref>

A grove was created in the yard of the ruined Agios Stefanos Monastery as the garden for the mansion on Atatürk's taking possession. This grove is called "Florya Atatürk Grove" (Template:Lang-tr) and is today a public park.<ref name="a"/><ref name="ktb"/> The mansion is considered an example of the "Turkish Early Republican architecture".<ref name="ktb"/>

History

During the period he stayed at Dolmabahçe Palace, Atatürk came to the mansion by boat and enjoyed swimming surrounded by local people. He used the mansion for the last three years of his life as a summer office as well as for recreation. In 1936, he stayed from June 6 until July 28 at the mansion. His last stay was on May 28, 1938, about six months before his death.<ref name="a"/><ref name="ktb"/>

The mansion was also used for important receptions and scientific meetings. Among its famous visitors were Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor and his wife Wallis, Duchess of Windsor.<ref name="ktb"/><ref name="ms"/>

Following the death of Atatürk, Turkish presidents such as ?smet ?nönü, Celal Bayar, Cemal Gürsel, Cevdet Sunay, Fahri Korutürk and Kenan Evren used the Florya Mansion as a summer residence.<ref name="ktb"/><ref name="ms"/>

Museum

Due to the encroaching urban development and the consequent pollution of the sea at the site, the mansion fell into disuse as an official residence. On September 6, 1988, the building was handed over to the National Palaces Department of the Turkish Grand National Assembly. It was then renovated and opened in 1993 to the public as a museum. A section of the mansion is reserved as a social facility for members of parliament.<ref name="ktb"/>

The museum exhibits furniture, tableware, personal belongings including swimwear, as well as a collection of Atatürk's photographs taken at the site.

Location and access

The museum is situated west of Atatürk International Airport on the coastal road from Florya to Küçükçekmece.

It can be reached from Florya train station on the Istanbul-Halkal? commuter line, which is about Template:Convert away. Bus line "73T Yenibosna Metro-Florya" of ?ETT serves the location as well.<ref name="ktb"/>

The museum is open from 9 am to 4 pm (in winter months from 9 am to 3 pm) local time except Mondays and Thursdays.<ref name="ktb"/>

References

Template:Reflist Template:Museums in Turkey