Haarlem railway station
Haarlem is a railway station in the Netherlands, located in the city of Haarlem on the Amsterdam–Rotterdam railway, the original train line linking Amsterdam to Zandvoort and Amsterdam to Leiden. The station building itself is a rijksmonument. The municipality of Haarlem is currently working on a plan to upgrade the area near the railway station (Masterplan Spoorzone).
The first, wooden station was built on the Oude Weg, just outside the Amsterdamse Poort in 1839 to accommodate the passengers of the first railway in the Netherlands between Haarlem and Amsterdam, which had a rail width of 2 meters.<ref name=Haerlem>'Haarlem en de spoorwegen', Haerlem jaarboek (1989), Historische Werkgroep Haerlem,pp 86-118</ref> The station was built outside the city, on the current location of the Centrale Werkplaats (maintenance depot) of the Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij. At great expense, the rail width was later reduced to 1.435 meters in order to conform to George Stephenson's standard gauge.<ref name=Haerlem /> The train engine "De Snelheid" was the twin of the Amsterdam "Arend", which along with the carriages, were designed by Stephenson's apprentice, the English rail engineer Thomas Longridge Gooch of R.B. Longridge & Co.<ref name=Haerlem /> There were 4 trains per day to Amsterdam, scheduled at 9:00, 14:00, 16:00, and 18:00. The prices of the tickets for 1st (closed carriage), 2nd, and 3rd class (char-à-banc) were 1.20, 80c, and 40c (guilders).<ref name=Haerlem /> A few years later the new railway turned out to be a great success, and in 1842 a real station was built on the current location. It was designed by F.W. Conrad in a semi-Greek neo-classicistic style. The front of the building was open to the street.
In 1867 the station was re-designed by P.J. Mouthaan; an extra floor was put on the building and the front of the building was now closed as well.
The current building was built between 1906 and 1908. The design is by D.A.N. Margadant. It was elevated, to make way for the traffic in the city. It is the only train station in the Netherlands that is built in Art Nouveau style.
The following train services currently call at Haarlem:
- 2x per hour intercity service Amsterdam - Haarlem - Leiden - The Hague
- 2x per hour intercity service Amsterdam - Haarlem - Leiden - The Hague - Rotterdam
- 2x per hour intercity service Hoorn - Alkmaar - Haarlem
- 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Uitgeest - Haarlem - Amsterdam
- 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Zandvoort - Haarlem - Amsterdam
- 2x per hour local service (sprinter) The Hague - Leiden - Haarlem
- 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Zandvoort - Haarlem (summer only)
All services except line 50 are operated by Connexxion, line 50 is operated by Arriva.
- 2 Haarlem Noord - Station - Spaarnwoude
- 3 Ijmuiden - Driehuis - Velserbroek - Haarlem Noord - Station - Schalkwijk
- 8 Haarlem - Hogeschool Inholland - Overveen - Haarlem
- 14 Heemstede-Aerdenhout - Haarlem - Haarlem Noord - Spaarndam
- 15 Station - Waarderpolder - Spaarnwoude
- 50 Haarlem - Heemstede - Bennebroek - Hillegom - Lisse - Sassenheim - Leiden
- 73 Uitgeest - Heemskerk - Beverwijk - Velserbroek - Haarlem Noord - Haarlem - Schalkwijk
- 75 Ijmuiden aan Zee - Ijmuiden - Driehuis - Haarlem Noord - Haarlem
- 81 Haarlem - Bloemendaal aan Zee - Zandvoort
- 84 Haarlem - Bloemendaal aan Zee - Zandvoort
- 140 Haarlem - Heemstede - Hoofddorp - Aalsmeer - Uithoorn
- 175 Haarlem - Amstelveen - Amsterdam Bijlmer ArenA
- 176 Haarlem - VU - Amsterdam Zuid
- 177 Haarlem - Badhoevedorp (- Schiphol Oost)
- 277 Ijmuiden - Haarlem - Schiphol Airport (peak hours only)
- 300 Haarlem - Schalkwijk - Vijfhuizen - Hoofddorp - Schiphol Airport - Amstelveen - Amsterdam Bijlmer ArenA
- Haarlem station.JPG
Haarlem station main entrance today.
- Old Haarlem railway station elevation 1.jpg
1842 neo-classical station by F.W. Conrad.
- Station Haarlem tegeltableau.jpeg
1900s decoration depicting the history of the Amsterdam-Haarlem train route from the trekschuit to carriageway along the haarlemmertrekvaart.
- Jj Beijnes - foto tegeltableau-1859-1909.jpg
In this commemorative tile tablet for Beijnes, now in the Spoorwegmuseum, the old Beijnes factory across from the Haarlem station can be seen, that was built in the same style as the station itself in 1867. The Beijnes hall and workshop was situated across from the station, and is where the train locomotives were serviced and where the train and tram carriages were made.
- Spoorwegmuseum - Stoomlocomotief De Arend.jpg
A working replica of the "Arend" at the Nederlands Spoorwegmuseum
- Wachtkamer1 Haarlem.jpg
Waiting room first class; the cow-catchers depicted on the train engines are historically inaccurate and were never found on Dutch train engines.
- 2004 Haarlem station 100 jaar spoorwegen tegeltableau.JPG
1939 tile memorial plaque celebrating 100 years of railway history shows accurate early engine on the left.
- ICR rijtuigen Haarlem Station.jpg
NS train in Haarlem.
- The scenes in the 2004 film Ocean's Twelve that are meant to portray Amsterdam Centraal station were actually shot on platform 3a at Haarlem station.
- NS website Template:En icon
- Dutch Public Transport journey planner Template:En icon
- Connexxion website Template:Nl icon
- Haarlem Shuffle - Central Railway Station