Istanbul Main Post Office

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File:?stanbul Sirkeci Büyük Postane 2.JPG
Main entrance with inscriyion above

The Istanbul Main Post Office (Template:Lang-tr) is an office building for postal services located at Sirkeci quarter of Fatih district in Istanbul, Turkey. It was designed by architect Vedat Tek in First Turkish National architectural style and was constructed between 1905 and 1909. The four-story building houses a post office, the Sirkeci Post Office (Template:Lang-tr), office space for regional administration and also since 2000 the Istanbul Postal Museum (Template:Lang-tr). It is Turkey's largest post office building.

History

Initially planned for use as the building of Ministry of Post and Telegraph (Template:Lang-ota) in the Ottoman Empire, its construction began in 1905, and was completed in 1909. An inscription in Ottoman Turkish alphabet on the tiled panel above the main entrance denotes "Ministry of Post and Telegraph". The building was renamed "New Post Office" (Template:Lang-tr) in the 1930s, some time after the establishment of the Turkish Republic, and then "Grand Post Office" (Template:Lang-tr).<ref name="i2010">Template:Cite web</ref><ref name="sf">Template:Cite journal</ref>

In the early years of the Republic, between 1927 and 1936, the building temporarily housed Istanbul Radio.<ref name="i2010"/> From 1958 on, it was used solely for postal and telegraphy services. Today, the ground floor is the Sirkeci Post Office, the first floor is occupied by its directorate while the second and third floors are offices for the regional post directorate of Istanbul's European side.<ref name="sf"/>

On May 6, 2000, part of the building was converted into Istanbul Postal Museum occupying four stories. The museum informs visitors about the history of communication and telecommunication services in the country that officially began on October 23, 1840. The museum consists of four sections for post, telegraph, telephone and postage stamps.<ref name="sl"/><ref name="z">Template:Cite news</ref>

Architecture

The Main Post Office is situated in close distance to Spice Bazaar, New Mosque, Sirkeci Railway Terminal and Istanbul 4th Vak?f Han, which is a five-star hotel today. Architect Vedat Tek (1873–1942) designed the building as one of the earliest examples of First Turkish National architecture style.<ref name="i2010"/>

The four-story building<ref name="sl">Template:Cite journal</ref> has a floor area of (Template:Convert). The main entrance is elevated reachable by stairs in front of the building. The building is flanked by two turrets.<ref name="i2010"/> The facade is of cut stone and marble. It is believed that the bricks were specially designed by Vedat Tek. 16th century style classical Ottoman decorative elements are predominant in the building's ornaments including its facade with two-color stone workmanship, tiled panels with Islamic geometric patterns and Kufic calligraphic scripts, sills with tiled panels as well as muqarnas in pillar heads and corbels.<ref name="sf"/>

The main entrance opens to a very large atrium in the center of the building. The three-story high, rectangle shaped hall is surrounded by office rooms at each floor.<ref name="i2010"/> The atrium is topped by glass in mainly orange and blue colors.<ref name="sf"/>

References

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