La Garenne-Colombes is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located Template:Convert from Notre Dame de Paris which is the center of Paris. It is one of the most densely populated municipalities in Europe.
- 1 Name
- 2 Geography
- 3 History
- 4 Demography
- 5 Economy
- 6 Urbanism
- 7 Administration
- 8 Life in La Garenne-Colombes
- 9 Personalities
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The city used to be part of the neighbouring city of Colombes. At this time, before 1910, it was called "La Garenne de Colombes", which means "Colombes' Garenne". "Garenne" is French for "warren", so the English for "La Garenne-Colombes" could be "Columbia's warren" or "Warren of Columbia" ; yet the official translation of the name of the city is just "La Garenne-Colombes".
The explanation for the city being called "warren" is that it really used to be a warren where people would hunt. But this dates back to the French Royalty, at the 18th century or so.
La Garenne-Colombes is usually simply called "La Garenne", and nicknamed "petit Neuilly".
Four towns surround La Garenne-Colombes: Colombes (North), Bois-Colombes (East), Courbevoie (South) and Nanterre (West). The city is quiet small compared with the other cities in the Hauts-de-Seine, it is more or less as small as the first arrondissement of Paris. Very close to La Garenne-Colombes are La Défense and the Île de la Jatte island (Bowl Island).
La Garenne-Colombes is served by two stations on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line: La Garenne-Colombes and Les Vallées (this last station is located at the border between the commune of La Garenne-Colombes and the commune of Bois-Colombes, with a postal address in La Garenne-Colombes). The train has been used there since 1837.
The two stations directly join Paris's most important urban station (Gare Saint-Lazare, Saint-Lazare station) in 10 minutes and the biggest university in Paris (Paris Ouest La Défense University, Western Paris University La Défense) in 2 minutes.
In 1935, five Tramway lines crossed La Garenne-Colombes.
Many RATP Bus lines also cross the city: lines 73, 161, 163, 164, 176, 178, 262, 272, 278, 358 and 378.
Two RATP Noctilien night Bus lines cross the city: N24 and N152.
In 2012, the line 2 of the Parisian Tramway will cross La Garenne-Colombes, with two stations: Les Fauvelles (French for Wildcats) and Charlebourg. To join the center of the CBD, 2 to 4 minutes will be required by tramway.
The commune of La Garenne-Colombes was created on 2 May 1910 by detaching its territory from the commune of Colombes. Yet, it was urbanised much earlier. This entity was already mentioned in 1240 as "La Garenne dépendant de Colombes" ("La Garenne depending on Colombes").
As the commune's territory is entirely built up, population can only grow if buildings are demolished and replaced by bigger buildings for more people (higher, less gardens). Thereby the population will grow certainly over the 30,000 after many reconstructions in the "Champs-Philippe" neighbourhood, with a density over 17,000 inhabitants per square kilometres (43,855 inhabitants per square miles).
According to statistics, La Garenne-Colombes is an average city of the Hauts-de-Seine department (Paris region), which is one of the richest places in Europe.
thumb]] The landscape looks like an American CBD. But this is in the suburbs of Paris, which do not look like downtown Paris districts of the Eiffel Tower or Champs-Elysées. Paradoxically, the most advanced part of the city of Paris, urbanly speaking, is on the outskirts of the city itself.
There used to be many workshops in La Garenne-Colombes, as in a large part of the Hauts-de-Seine department. Today, it mainly is a residential city. However, some 1200 business units are there.
thumb The service is paramount in the economy of La Garenne-Colombes. The proximity of La Défense increases this phenomenon. There is :
- Peugeot study offices
- Boston Scientific International
- France's Fox Kids
- RATP's Charlebourg center
The arrival of the Tramway in 2012 results in a redevelopment of a part of the city. It should bring a new breath to the local economy.
thumb In spite of the proximity of La Défense and Paris which has applied a strong pressure, no big buildings were built in La Garenne. Residential uses (detached homes and apartment buildings) account for the majority of the building stock in La Garenne-Colombes and many of the town's residential buildings were constructed in the early 1900s. In a large part of the town, new constructions are limited to 4 floors.
The neighbourwood of the place de Belgique and National boulevard, which is the entry of La Défense, is being redeveloped.
Eight green ways are in La Garenne-Colombes, exactly:
- two public squares
- two gardens
- four parks
Commonly known places
- Place de la Liberté (Freedom square), know under the name of place du marché (market) or place de l'Eglise (church)
- Place du Général Leclerc, known under the name of place de la Fontaine (Fountain plaza)
- Place de Belgique (Belgium square)
- Rond-point du Souvenir français, known under the name of place Jean Baillet
- Rond-point de l'Europe (Europe's plaza)
- 1910-1933: Jean Bonal
- 1934-1943: Docteur Charles Jubert
- 1944: Maurice Godaux
- 1944-1945: André Crimet
- 1945-1947: Gaston Sourrisseau
- 1947-1955: Louis Jean
- 1955-1971: René Guest
- 1971-1975: Albert Fabbi
- 1975-2001: Docteur Max Catrin
- since 2001: Philippe Juvin
- Template:Flagicon Wangen im Allgäu, Germany
- Template:Flagicon Yoqneam, Israel
- Template:Flagicon Daroun-Harissa, Lebanon
- Template:Flagicon Valpaços, Portugal
- Template:Flagicon Clarksville, USA
- Primary schools: René Guest, André Marsault, Ernest Renan (built in 1905), Sainte Geneviève, Sagot Voltaire
- Junior high school: Les Vallées
- Junior high school: Champs-Philippe (previously named Kleber Haedens)
- Professional senior high school: La Tournelle
The city own a castle in Normandy where they send the scholars for class-holidays.
Life in La Garenne-Colombes
thumb According to statistics published by the Figaro newspaper, La Garenne-Colombes is the Hauts-de-Seine's city with the lowest crime rate, without forgetting that the Hauts-de-Seine is a very quiet part of the Paris region.
Born in La Garenne-Colombes
- Patrick Chesnais (1947), French actor
- Émilie Lepennec (1987), French gymnast
- Fernand Oury (1920), French pedagogue and creator of modern French schooling
- Catherine Picard (1952), French politician
Lived in La Garenne-Colombes
- William Klein, American painter, film-maker and photographer
- Deng Xiaoping, Chinese politic leader
- Cédric Mongongu, Footballer
Died in La Garenne-Colombes
- Jean Mitry (1907–1988), French film theorist, critic and filmmaker
- Communes of the Hauts-de-Seine department
- Official website (in French)