Museum De Hallen, Haarlem
Museum De Hallen is the name of the exhibition space on the Grote Markt, Haarlem, the Netherlands, where modern and contemporary art is on display in alternating presentations. The emphasis is on contemporary photograph and video presentations, with the focus on Man and society. As an organisation, De Hallen falls under the Frans Hals Museum.
De Hallen consists of three different buildings, the Vleeshal (Flesher's hall) on the east side and the Verweyhal (named for Kees Verwey) on the west side are two large "halls" sandwiching the small entrance building. All three buildings are National Heritage sites today.<ref name=Rijks>Rijksmonument report</ref>
De Vleeshal building
The Vleeshal was built in the years 1602 to 1605 and was originally a ‘meat hall’ where butchers sold their goods.<ref name=Rijks/> The heads of bulls and rams on the façades are reminders of the original function of the building. It is an example of Dutch renaissance architecture, with renaissance ornaments being applied on a basic Gothic structure (floor plan and outer walls). The renaissance forms include pilasters, rustica, Tuscan (interior) pillars, scrollwork (above the cellar entrances) and obelisks. Sample prints by Hans Vredeman de Vries from Antwerp provided a source of inspiration for this. De Vleeshal was built by Lieven de Key, the town architect, commissioned by the city government, which judging by the finished building had a substantial treasury at the time.<ref name=Rijks/> It remained a meat hall all the way into the 19th century.
The building later fulfilled a totally different function; from 1840 to 1885 it served as a storehouse for a garrison quartered in Haarlem. Later the building served as a Public Records Office, and after that as a depot for the municipal library. During the Second World War the building was occupied by the Distribution Service.
After WWII, the Mayor and Aldermen decreed that the building should become an exhibition hall, and the first exhibitions were held in 1950. De Hallen Haarlem organises alternating exhibitions of contemporary art on two storeys, throughout summer combined with modern art. The Archeological Museum is in the cellar.
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The cellar of the Vleeshal is in use by the Archeologisch Museum Haarlem. Visitors with a handicap can use an elevator that can be reached through the Museum De Hallen entrance.
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The area in front of the museum was a parking lot for visitors and employees before the Verweyhal was added the gallery in 1992.
The little ‘fish house’ in between the two main halls was once the home of the servant of the fish market across the square and serves as the entrance for museum De Hallen today. Template:Rijksmonument
The Verweyhal is a former society meeting hall next to the main entrance on the corner of the Grote Markt and the Grote Houtstraat, where the former main entrance to it is located. The Verweyhal was built in the 19th century as a home for the Haarlem gentlemen’s society Trou moet Blycken.<ref name=Rijks/>
The building is in the Eclectic style and also contains some art deco features in the interior though it has been renovated beyond recognition since 1880. It became a modern art exhibition hall in 1992 when the Kees Verwey Foundation renovated it and gave the artist's oeuvre to the Frans Hals Museum. Template:Rijksmonument
De Hallen Haarlem is the museum for modern and contemporary art in Haarlem. Three times per year De Hallen Haarlem organises a cluster of exhibitions dealing with current developments in the visual arts. In them the museum offers a platform for artists from The Netherlands and other countries, with the accent on photography and video art. The contemporary programming serves to draw attention to new developments; the exhibition policy is oriented to providing varied insights into these developments and into current international art. De Hallen Haarlem regularly hosts solo presentations by much discussed international artists who have never previously been shown in the Netherlands. The large annual summer exhibition at De Hallen Haarlem draws from its own collection of classic modern art and provides viewing pleasure for a wide audience. De Hallen Haarlem is part of the Frans Hals Museum | De Hallen Haarlem foundation.
Collection of De Hallen Haarlem
In the collection of De Hallen Haarlem the emphasis is on current, international contemporary art, in which the ‘human being’ frequently takes center stage. The acquisitions between 2000 and 2006 focused on socially committed photography that evoked the often complicated relationship between man and society. Since then the museum focused on art that distances itself from reality and takes more of a look within.