Passy

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File:ND 1053 - Panorama de PARIS - Vue sur la Seine et Passy prise en aval de la Tour Eiffel.jpg
Panorama of Paris, View of la Seine and Passy seen from downstream of the Eiffel Tower. In the foreground, the former Champ de Mars train station, followed by the Pont de Passy. Postcard image taken from the 2nd level of the Eiffel Tower
File:Passy-Landmark.png
Landmark set between the domains of the Lord of Auteuil and the Lord of Passy in 1731

Passy is an area of Paris, France, located in the 16th arrondissement, on the Right Bank. It is traditionally home to many of the city's wealthiest residents.

Passy was formerly a commune. It was annexed to Paris in 1860.

People with ties to Passy

  • Antoine-Henri Jomini- retired and died here.
  • Alexandre Le Riche de La Poupelinière 18th century
  • Honoré de Balzac
  • Jacques-Emile Blanche Artist
  • Marc Bonnehée, opera singer, died in Passy in 1886
  • Pierre Bretonneau
  • Benjamin Franklin
  • General Charles Edward Jennings de Kilmaine
  • Paul de Kock
  • Alphonse de Lamartine
  • Princess Marie Louise of Savoy known as The Princesse de Lamballe victim of the September massacres and friend of Queen Marie Antoinette of France
  • Virginia Oldoini, Countess di Castiglione, early important photographic artist, Courtesan, supposed secret agent, mistress to Napoleon III, lived in a house he bought for her in 1857 and lived on in the area until the mid-1870s
  • Comtesse de Buyer-Mimeure, the former Miss Daisy Polk
  • Gioachino Rossini
  • William Kissam Vanderbilt, kept a home in Passy
  • Giuseppe Verdi and Giuseppina Strepponi spent two summers (1848 and 1849) in Passy

Benjamin Franklin in Passy

Passy is known to Americans as the home of patriot Benjamin Franklin during the nine years that he lived in France during the American Revolutionary War. For much of this time, he was a lodger in the home of Monsieur de Chaumont.

Franklin established a small printing press in his lodgings, to print pamphlets and other material as part of his mandate to maintain French support of the revolution. He called it the Passy Press.<ref name="passy press">Template:Cite book</ref> Among his printing projects, he produced (Bagatelles) comics<ref name="passy press" /> and passports, even developing a special typeface known as "le Franklin." He also printed a 1782 treatise from Pierre-André Gargaz titled "A Project of Universal and Perpetual Peace," that laid out a vision for maintaining a permanent peace in Europe. It proposed a central governing council, with representatives of all of the nations of Europe, that would arbitrate international disputes.

File:Albert Gleizes, 1912, Les ponts de Paris (Passy), The Bridges of Paris, oil on canvas, 60.5 x 73.2 cm, Museum Moderner Kunst (mumok), Vienna..jpg
Albert Gleizes, 1912, Les ponts de Paris (Passy), The Bridges of Paris (Passy), oil on canvas, 60.5 x 73.2 cm, Museum Moderner Kunst (mumok), Vienna. Published in Du "Cubisme", 1912

He also worked on his scientific projects at a laboratory shared with others installed by Louis XV in the Château de la Muette.

When Franklin returned to America, the new ambassador to France, Thomas Jefferson, wrote, "When he left Passy, it seemed as if the village had lost its patriarch." At the time of Franklin, Passy was a village separate from Paris.

Artists of Passy

The painting of Albert Gleizes, Les ponts de Paris (Passy), The Bridges of Paris (Passy), in the collection of the Museum Moderner Kunst (mumok), Vienna, refers to the spirit of solidarity among the newly formed "Artists of Passy", during a time when factions had begun to develop within Cubism. Les Artistes de Passy consisted of a divers grouping of avant-garde artistes (painters, sculptors and poets), including several who previously held meetings in 1910 at the rue Visconti studio of Henri Le Fauconnier. Their first diner presided over by neo-symbolist Paul Fort was held at the house of Balzac, rue Raynouard, in the presence of Guillaume Apollinaire, Raymond Duchamp-Villon, Marie Laurencin, Henri Le Fauconnier, Fernand Léger, André Mare, Jean Metzinger, Francis Picabia, Henry Valensi, and Jacques Villon. Albert Gleizes chose to Passy as the subject of this painting.

Places in Passy

There is now a rue Benjamin Franklin and a square de Yorktown near the Trocadéro.

A lively street in the area is Rue de Passy, which goes from La Muette to the Place de Costa Rica just behind the Trocadéro. It has boutiques and chain stores along its length.

The Cimetière de Passy, located at 2, rue du Commandant Schœlsing, is the burial place for many well-known persons including American silent film star Pearl White, the painters Édouard Manet and Berthe Morisot, and composer Claude Debussy.

Honoré de Balzac lived and wrote in Passy, and his house is now a museum (Maison de Balzac).

The apartment in which Marlon Brando trysts with Maria Schneider in Bernardo Bertolucci's 1972 film Last Tango in Paris was located in Passy.

See also

  • Auteuil-Neuilly-Passy
  • Théodore Année
  • Madame Brillon

References

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External links

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pt:Passy (Seine)