Piscine Molitor

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Template:Expand French Template:Infobox swimming pool Piscine Molitor (Template:IPA-fr; also known as the Piscines Auteuil-Molitor or the Grands établissements balnéaires d'Auteuil) is an abandoned swimming pool complex located in Porte Molitor, 16th arrondissement of Paris, Île-de-France, Paris, France. It is next to the park Bois de Boulogne, and between Stade Roland Garros and Parc des Princes. The complex was built in 1929 and inaugurated by Olympic swimmers Aileen Riggin and Johnny Weissmuller. The pool is known for its Art Deco designs and the popular introduction of the bikini by Louis Réard on July 5, 1946.<ref name="History Channel">Template:Cite web</ref> The pool was classified as a French monument historique on March 27, 1990, after having fallen into disuse and closing in 1989.<ref name="French Culture">Template:Cite web</ref>

The swimming pool complex is being rebuilt from scratch,Template:When in the style of the previous design. The new complex will include two pools and a hotel. It is planned to open in 2014 <ref name="Paris.fr">Template:Cite web</ref>

History

From around 1920–1930, Paris saw the construction of numerous new public swimming pools, although the development of aquatic recreation in France still lagged behind that of Great Britain and Germany. However, public pools also hosted bathing facilities, as many French homes did not have their own bathrooms.<ref name="Archi">Template:Cite web</ref> Piscine Molitor was built in 1929 by architect Lucien Pollet, who was working for Les Belles Piscines de France and had designed three other pool complexes. It was designed to resemble an ocean liner and was adorned with Art Deco stained glass by Louis Barillet. In the summer of 1929, Olympic athlete Johnny Weismuller, who was a lifeguard in his spare time, officially opened Piscine Molitor. The pool often housed fashion shows, theatrical performances, and training for figure skating. In 1946, the unveiling of the first modern bikini, designed by Louis Réard, was held at Piscine Molitor,<ref name="History Channel"/> modelled by the Parisian Micheline Bernardini during a fashion show at the pool.<ref name="Reader">Template:Cite book</ref> The establishment originally comprised two pools, one indoor and the other outdoor, arranged in a T-shape. The complex was used as an ice-skating rink until the early 1970s. The complex ultimately closed in 1989.<ref name="French Culture"/> On April 14, 2001, the French soundsystem Heretik threw a free all-night party gathering inside the pool, hosting about 5000 people.

The complex was the only building with two pools built by Pollet, inspired by the work of architect Robert Mallet-Stevens. Pollet also worked with master glassmaker Louis Barillet, who created the Art Deco stained glass windows adorning the pool complex. It had a conventional Template:Convert long covered pool and an Olympic-level Template:Convert long open-air pool. The open-air pool was turned into ice and used as a skating rink until the 1970s, and was surrounded by three levels of cabins, resembling a large ship. The complex also included a fitness room. Pollet called the complex "les Grands Établissements Balnéaires d'Auteuil" (the Great Seaside Establishment of Auteuil) because the complex was the site of various sporting events at the time, particularly on the outdoor pool, which was lined with sand. Architect Marc Mimram recently began a restoration project for the pool complex.<ref name="Archi"/>

Building controversies

In 1989, a housing project was proposed to the City of Paris. The project was advanced by the city and called for the destruction of the pool and its rebuilding as part of a hotel, with the rest of the original pool complex being turned into a parking lot. On August 31, 1989, the pool was permanently closed. The next day, the facade and main entrance were boarded up. A group of citizens founded the "SOS Molitor", trying to prevent the pool's destruction. They were successful the next year, with the entire pool complex being listed in the inventory of the French Monuments Historiques program (and, as a result, protected by the French government). However, although saved from impending demolition, the complex experienced damage from weather, poor maintenance, and even vandalism (mainly to its historic Art Deco decor) after being protected.

Various other housing projects were also stopped by the French Ministry of Culture, with their final decision on August 5, 2000 revoking the construction permit originally granted by the City of Paris.<ref name="French Culture 2">Template:Cite web</ref> After SOS Molitor gained ownership of the complex, a new organization called Piscines Molitor was created to obtain funding for the rehabilitation and reopening of Piscine Molitor. The organization has appealed to the administrative court of Paris.

Future

In August 2007, the Mayor of Paris began to accept applications for the renovation of Piscine Molitor. On November 20, 2007, it was announced that three different groups were competing for the role of renovating the pool complex, Colony Capital, ICADE, and GTM Construction. The mayor, Bertrand Delanoë, called for the revival of the complex without spending taxpayer money.<ref name="le Moniteur">Template:Cite web</ref> On October 30, 2008, Delanoë announced that the group Colony Capital-Accor-Bouygues had been chosen for the project, with architects Jasques Rougerie, Alain Derbesse, and Alain-Charles Perrot. The group had been planning for a 2012 reopening of the complex, which is now projected to open some time in 2014. The €64.8 million project would lease the property for 54 years and is to include a 4-star hotel, a health center, and a medical center, as well as retail, restaurants, and parking facilities.<ref name="Paris">Template:Cite web</ref>

In popular culture

The title character of Yann Martel's Man Booker Prize winning novel Life of Pi, Piscine "Pi" Patel, is named after Piscine Molitor. This book was made into a movie of the same name which was released in 2012.

References

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External links

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