University of Paris III: Sorbonne Nouvelle

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The New Sorbonne University (Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle, also known as Paris III) is a public university in Paris, France. The French cultural revolution of 1968, commonly known as "the French May", resulted in the division of the world's second oldest academic institution, the University of Paris, into thirteen autonomous universities. New Sorbonne University is one of the inheritors of the former arts, languages and humanities faculties of the University of Paris ("the Old Sorbonne").

History

Template:Main thumb The historic University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was reorganised in 1970 as 13 autonomous universities after the student protests of the French May. Following months of conflict between students and authorities at the University of Paris at Nanterre, the administration shut down that university on May 2, 1968. Students of the Sorbonne protested the closure and the threatened expulsion of several students at Nanterre on May 3, 1968. More than 20,000 students, teachers and supporters marched towards the Sorbonne, still sealed off by the police, who charged, wielding their batons, as soon as the marchers approached. While the crowd dispersed, some began to create barricades out of whatever was at hand, while others threw paving stones, forcing the police to retreat for a time. The police then responded with tear gas and charged the crowd again. Hundreds more students were arrested.

Negotiations broke down and students returned to their campuses after a false report that the government had agreed to reopen them, only to discover the police still occupying the schools. The students now had a near revolutionary fervor. Another protest was organized on the Rive Gauche by students on May 10. When the riot police again blocked them from crossing the river, the crowd again threw up barricades, which the police then attacked at 2:15 in the morning after negotiations once again foundered. The confrontation, which produced hundreds of arrests and injuries, lasted until dawn of the following day.

Well over a million people marched through Paris on Monday, May 13; the police stayed largely out of sight. Prime Minister Georges Pompidou personally announced the release of the prisoners and the reopening of the Sorbonne. However, the surge of strikes did not recede. Instead, the protesters got even more active.

When the Sorbonne reopened, students occupied it and declared it an autonomous "people's university." Approximately 401 popular action committees were set up in Paris, including the Occupation Committee of the Sorbonne, and elsewhere in the weeks that followed to take up grievances against the government and French society.

After the tumultuous events of May 1968, the French Fifth Republic proposed various drastic reforms of the French university system. In 1971, the five ancient faculties of the former University of Paris were split and then re-formed into thirteen interdisciplinary universities by the Faure Law.

Four of these new universities now share the premises of the historic Sorbonne building, which, until that time, had been mainly reserved for the Faculties of Arts and Human Sciences. These four universities were also given other premises in different locations throughout Paris.

Three universities have kept the Sorbonne name as part of their official title: the inheritors of the Arts and Humanities departments, the University de La Sorbonne Nouvelle (Paris III) and the University Paris-Sorbonne (Paris IV). The University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne also wanted to keep Sorbonne for the international recognition. The Sorbonne premises also house part of the Paris Descartes University (inheritor of the Medicine department) and the Chancellery, the educational authority of Paris.

Overview

La Sorbonne Nouvelle —as well as Pantheon-Sorbonne and Paris-Sorbonne (Paris I and IV respectively) -- is often referred to as the Sorbonne or La Sorbonne after the theological college (Collège de Sorbonne) founded in 1257 by Robert de Sorbon of the historic University of Paris.


La Sorbonne (Paris III) offers courses in a wide range of Arts and Humanities subjects, areas on which - according to the 2012 QS World University Rankings- the university is among the best 150 in the world.

University Sites

The Sorbonne Nouvelle has sites at various locations in Paris. The main university centres are:

Central Sorbonne Building - central administration offices, Literature. thumb

Censier - the main teaching site, named after the adjacent street

Bièvre - houses teaching and research facilities for language study and the main staff and student refectories

Rue Saint Jacques - French as a Foreign Language

Rue des Bernardins - Linguistics and Phonetics

Rue de l' Ecole de Médecine - English Studies thumb

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Rue Saint Guillaume - Latin American Studies

Place du Maréchal-de-Lattre-de-Tassigny - Houses the E.S.I.T (School of Interpreting and Translation)

Asnières - located outside of Paris, where was housed the German Studies department is now closed.

University Libraries

The Sorbonne Nouvelle has one central and five specialised libraries (Foreign language and culture and French literature). It is also connected to the Library of Saint Genevieve, the Central Sorbonne Library, the Inter-University Library for Oriental Languages and the Library of Saint Barbara.

University Press

The Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle publishes research carried out by the university.

Accommodation and refectories

The CROUS de Paris (Centre régional des œuvres universitaires et scolaires) is the organisation responsible for both student accommodation and refectories in Paris. It runs various student halls of residence and student restaurants both in central Paris and in its outskirts. The Restaurant Universitaire Censier is the student refectory which is used by the large majority of Paris III students due to its proximity to the Censier university site.

Sorbonne Paris Cité

The Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle is member of the Sorbonne Paris Cité, a union of the following Parisian universities:

  • Université Sorbonne Nouvelle - Paris 3
  • Université Paris Descartes (Paris 5)
  • Université Paris Diderot (Paris 7)
  • Université Paris 13|Université Paris Nord (Paris 13)
  • Institut d'études politiques de Paris (Sciences Po)
  • Institut national des langues et civilisations orientales|INALCO (Langues O)
  • École des hautes études en santé publique (EHESP)
  • Institut de physique du globe de Paris

Notable alumni

  • Alain Bergala - French film director
  • Arnaud Desplechin - French film director
  • Marco Aponte Moreno - Venezuelan actor and linguist
  • Olivier Assayas - French film director and screenwriter
  • Cédric Klapisch - French Film Director (L'Auberge Espagnole, Les poupées russes, Paris)
  • Bernard-Pierre Donnadieu - French actor
  • Olivier Ducastel - French film director
  • Mireille Guiliano - French-American author
  • Hüseyin Latif - Novelist and Aujourd'hui la Turquie's Director of publication
  • Sarah Lelouch - Daughter of Claude Lelouch
  • Laila Marrakchi - French film director
  • Homa Sayar - Iranian Poet
  • Jean-Pierre Thiollet - French author
  • Jacques Aumont - Film Professor
  • Alain Bergala - Film critic and Filmmaker
  • Zéki Argac - Luxury Hotel Manager, Paris
  • Jean Bessière - Academic and writer
  • Frédéric Bozo - Academic
  • Latifa Ben Mansour - Algerian writer and linguist
  • Imanol Ordorika Sacristán - Mexican social activist
  • Predrag Matvejevic - Writer and academic
  • Pedro Paulet - Peruvian scientist
  • Alan Kirby (writer) - British cultural critic

Professors and Former Professors

  • Jacques Aumont
  • Louis Bazin
  • Raymond Bellour
  • Alain Bergala
  • Jean Bessière
  • Pascal Bonitzer
  • Frédéric Bozo
  • Michel Chion
  • Serge Daney
  • Latifa Ben Mansour
  • Michel Marie
  • Luc Moullet
  • Maria Isaura Pereira de Queiróz
  • Josette Rey-Debove
  • Jean-Pierre Sarrazac
  • Danica Seleskovitch

See also

  • Education in France
  • University of Paris
  • Sorbonne


References

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External links

Template:UNICA Template:International Forum of Public Universities Template:Public Universities in France

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Template:Établissement public à caractère scientifique, culturel et professionnel