14th arrondissement of Paris

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The 14th arrondissement of Paris (also known as "arrondissement de l'Observatoire") is one of the 20 arrondissements (administrative districts) of the capital city of France.

Situated on the left bank of the River Seine, it contains most of the Montparnasse district. It is today best known for its skyscraper, the Tour Montparnasse, and its major railway terminus, the Gare Montparnasse. The district has traditionally been home to many artists as well as a Breton community, arrived at the beginning of the 20th century upon the creation of the Montparnasse railway terminus.

The 14th arrondissement also contains the Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris, which is located near the Parc Montsouris and the Stade Charléty.

Geography

The land area of this arrondissement is 5.621 km² (2.18 sq. miles, or 1,389 acres).

Demography

The 14th arrondissement attained its peak population in 1954 when it had 181,414 inhabitants. It continues to have a high density of both population and business activity with 132,844 inhabitants and 71,836 jobs as of the last census, in 1999.

Historical population

Year
(French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km²)

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1872 69,611 12,384
1954 (peak of population) 181,414 32,274
1962 178,149 31,693
1968 167,093 29,727
1975 149,137 26,532
1982 138,596 24,657
1990 136,574 24,297
1999 132,844 23,634
2009 137,189 24,324

Immigration

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Economy

SNCF, the French rail company, has its head office in Montparnasse and the 14th arrondissement.<ref name="HautLESeCHOS">"Le siège haut perché de la SNCF à Montparnasse." Les Echos. 20 May 1999. Page 54. Retrieved on 1 May 2010. "Pari tenu : réceptionné le 19 mars par Bouygues Immobilier et livré à son occupant dix jours plus tard, le nouveau siège de la SNCF est sorti de la gangue du grand ensemble de la gare Montparnasse, dans le 14e arrondissement de Paris, en quinze mois d'un chantier intense qui a mobilisé sur place jusqu'à 650 personnes. Quelque 800 postes de travail sont concernés sur les 2.500 qui gravitaient hier autour du siège historique de Saint-Lazare (9e arrondissement), consacrant la partition entre une direction générale resserrée et des services centraux pléthoriques."</ref> Aéroports de Paris has its head office in the arrondissement. In addition Société d'exploitation de l'hebdomadaire Le Point (SEBDO Le Point), the company that operates Le Point, has its head office in the arrondissement.

Government and infrastructure

La Santé Prison, operated by the Ministry of Justice, is in the arrondissement.

Culture

The International Astronomical Union head office is located on the second floor of the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris.

Cityscape

Places of interest

  • Paris Catacombs museum
  • Cimetière du Montparnasse
  • Fondation Cartier pour l'Art Contemporain
  • Gare Montparnasse
  • Montparnasse area
  • Musée Lenine
  • Musée Jean Moulin
  • Paris Observatory
  • La Santé Prison
  • Tour Montparnasse

Main streets and squares

File:Paris rue Daguerre.jpg
Pedestrian street in the 14th arrondissement of Paris
  • Rue de l'Arrivée
  • Place Denfert-Rochereau
  • Rue Delambre
  • Rue du Départ
  • Place Edgar Quinet
  • Avenue du Maine
  • Boulevard du Montparnasse
  • Boulevard Raspail

References

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External links

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