16th arrondissement of Paris

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Template:Infobox settlement Template:Arrondissements of Paris The 16th arrondissement of Paris (also known as "Arrondissement de Passy") is one of the 20 arrondissements (administrative districts) of Paris, the capital city of France. It includes a concentration of museums between the Place du Trocadéro and the Place d'Iéna.

With its ornate 19th century buildings, large avenues, prestigious schools, museums and various parks, the arrondissement has long been known as one of French high society's favorite places of residence (comparable to New York's Upper East Side or London's Kensington and Chelsea) to such an extent that the phrase "le 16e" (Template:IPA-fr) has been associated with great wealth in French popular culture. Indeed, the 16th arrondissement is France's fourth richest district for average household income, following the 8th, 7th and 6th arrondissements; with the south of the 17th arrondissement and Neuilly-sur-Seine, they form the most affluent and prestigious residential area in France.

The 16th arrondissement hosts several large sporting venues, including: the Parc des Princes, which is the stadium where Paris Saint-Germain football club plays its home matches; Roland Garros Stadium, where the French Open tennis championships are held; and Stade Jean-Bouin, home to the Stade Français rugby union club. The Bois de Boulogne, the second-largest public park in Paris (behind only the Bois de Vincennes), is also located in this arrondissement.

Geography

The land area of this arrondissement is 16.305 km2 (Template:Nowrap or 4,029 acres), slightly more than half of which consists of the Bois de Boulogne park. Excluding the Bois de Boulogne, its land area is 7.846 km2 (Template:Nowrap or 1,939 acres). It is the largest arrondissement in Paris in terms of land area.

Demographics

File:Trocadero and cemetery.jpg
View of Place du Trocadéro
File:ParisPlaceEtoile.jpg
the Place de l'Étoile
File:Lac supérieur bois de boulogne.jpg
Lake "supérieur" in Bois de Boulogne

The 16th arrondissement population peaked in 1962, when it had 227,418 inhabitants. At the last census (1999), the population was 161,773. The 16th arrondissement contains a great deal of business activity; in 1999 it hosted 106,971 jobs.

The 16th arrondissement is commonly thought to be one of the richest parts of Paris (see Auteuil-Neuilly-Passy), and features some of the most expensive real estate in France including the famous Auteuil "villas", heirs to 19th century high society country houses, they are exclusive gated communities with huge houses surrounded by gardens, which is extremely rare in Paris. It is also the only arrondissement in Paris to be divided into two separate postal codes. The southern part of the arrondissement carries a postal code of 75016, while the northern part has the code of 75116.

Historical population

Year
(of French censuses)
Population Density<ref name="area" />
(inh. per km2)
1872 43,332 5,523
1954 214,042 27,280
1962 (peak of population) 227,418 28,985
1968 214,120 27,290
1975 193,590 24,674
1982 179,446 22,871
1990 169,863 21,650
1999 161,773 20,619
2009 169,372 10,347

Immigration

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Economy

Four Fortune Global 500 have their head offices in this arrondissement: PSA Peugeot Citroën, Kering,Template:Citation needed Lafarge,Template:Citation needed and Veolia. In addition Lagardère and Technip have their headquarters in this arrondissement.

At one time Aérospatiale had its head office in the arrondissement.

Movie scenes filmed in the 16th arrondissement

Template:Unreferenced section In one of the opening scenes of the 1965 James Bond film Thunderball, character Emilio Largo is seen arriving at F.I.R.C.O. ('The International Brotherhood for the Assistance of Stateless Persons'). This scene was shot on Avenue d'Eylau in the 16th arrondissement.

Marcel Petiot

A notorious serial murder case, which generated an international media circus, centered in the 16th arrondissement during the Nazi occupation of France during World War II. The focal point of the case was French doctor Marcel Petiot, who in 1941 bought a house at 21 Rue le Sueur in "the heart of Paris's fashionable 16th arrondissement".<ref name=davidking>Template:Cite book</ref> On 11 March 1944, Petiot's neighbors complained to police of a foul stench in the area and of large amounts of smoke billowing from a chimney of the house. Fearing a chimney fire, the police summoned firemen, who entered the house and found a roaring fire in a coal stove in the basement. In the fire, and scattered in the basement, were human remains.<ref name=davidking /> Following an investigation, during which time Petiot attempted to evade capture, "the monster of rue Le Sueur" was ultimately arrested and went on trial on 19 March 1946, facing 135 criminal charges. He was convicted of 26 counts of murder and sentenced to death. On 25 May, Petiot was beheaded, after a stay of several days due to a problem in the release mechanism of the guillotine. <ref name=davidking /><ref name=smith>Template:Cite book</ref>

Cityscape

Places of interest

File:Palais de Tokyo 20030101w.JPG
View of Palais de Tokyo, a Museum of Contemporary Art (left) and Paris Museum of Modern Art (right)
  • Passy
    • Cimetière de Passy
  • Parc des Princes
  • Palais de Tokyo
  • Lycée Janson de Sailly
  • Maison de Radio France
  • Maison de Balzac
  • Exploradome
  • Fondation Le Corbusier
  • Guimet Museum
  • Jardin d'Acclimatation
  • Jardin des Serres d'Auteuil
  • Musée Arménien de France
  • Musée d'Art Dentaire Pierre Fauchard
  • Musée Baccarat
  • Musée Clemenceau
  • Musée de la Contrefaçon
  • Musée d'Ennery
  • Musée Galliera
  • Musée Marmottan Monet
  • Musée de Radio France
  • New York University's distinguished Paris campus.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
    • Château de la Muette
  • International School of Paris
  • Tenniseum

Main streets and squares

  • Trocadéro
    • Musée national de la Marine
    • Musée de l'Homme
    • Musée national des Monuments Français
    • Musée du Cinéma Henri Langlois
    • Théâtre national de Chaillot
  • Avenue Foch
    • 84 Avenue Foch
  • Place de l'Étoile and Arc de Triomphe (partial)
  • Rue Nungesser et Coli, named after the disappeared aviators of the 1927 biplane L'Oiseau Blanc (The White Bird).

Education

Lycée La Fontaine is located in the arrondissement.

The two campuses of the International School of Paris are in the arrondissement.

References

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External links

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