2nd arrondissement of Paris

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Template:Infobox settlement Template:Arrondissements of Paris The 2nd arrondissement (2e arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of Paris, the capital city of France. Located on the right bank of the River Seine, the 2nd arrondissement, together with the adjacent 8th and 9th arrondissements, hosts an important business district, centred on the Paris Opéra, which houses the city's most dense concentration of business activities. The arondissement contains the former Paris Bourse (stock exchange) and a large number of banking headquarters, as well as a textile district, known as the Sentier, and the Opéra-Comique concert hall.

The 2nd arrondissement is also the home of most of Paris's surviving 19th-century glazed commercial arcades. At the beginning of the 19th century most of the streets of Paris were dark and muddy and lacked sidewalks. A few entrepreneurs copied the success of the Passage des Panoramas and its well-lit, dry and paved pedestrian passageways. By the middle of the 19th century there were about two dozen of these commercial malls, but most of them disappeared as the Paris authorities paved the main streets, added sidewalks and gas street lighting. The commercial survivors are – in addition to the Passage des Panoramas – the Galerie Vivienne, the Passage Choiseul, the Galerie Colbert, the Passage des Princes, the Passage du Grand Cerf, the Passage du Caire, the Passage Lemoine, the Passage Jouffroy, the Passage Basfour, the Passage du Bourg-L'abbé, and the Passage du Ponceau.

Geography

The 2nd arrondissement is Paris's smallest arrondissement, with a land area of just 0.992 km2 (0.383 sq. miles, or 245 acres)

Demographics

The 2nd arrondissement reached its peak of settlement in the years before 1861, although it has only existed in its current shape since the re-organization of Paris in 1860. As of the last census (in 1999), the population was 19,585, while the number of jobs provided there was 61,672 – this despite a land area of only 0.992 km2, making it the arrondissement with the densest concentration of commercial activity in the capital, with an average of 62,695 jobs per km2.

Historical population

Year
(of French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km2)
1861 Template:Small¹ 81,609 82,267
1872 73,578 74,321
1954 41,780 44,300
1962 40,864 41,194
1968 35,357 35,642
1975 26,328 26,540
1982 21,203 21,374
1990 20,738 20,905
1999 19,585 19,743
2009 22,400 22,626
¹Template:Small

Immigration

Template:France immigration

Economy

Bourbon has its head office in the arrondissement. All Nippon Airways has its Paris Office in the arrondissement. China Airlines also has its France office in the arrondissement.

Aigle Azur's registered office is in the arrondissement.<ref name="ContactFrench">"Contactez-nous." Aigle Azur. Retrieved on 6 January 2011. "Siège Social 36 rue des Jeûneurs 75002 - France" and "Services Administratifs 4 avenue Marcel Paul 93297 Tremblay en France - France"</ref>

Education

In terms of state-operated schools, the second arrondissement has three nursery schools (écoles maternelles), five primary schools (écoles élémentaires), and one high school (collège).<ref name="Rech">"Rechercher un établissement." Académie Paris. Retrieved on 25 October 2011.</ref>

The nursery schools are École Maternelle Dussoubs, École Maternelle Saint Denis, and École Maternelle Vivienne.<ref name="Rech"/> The primary schools are École Élémentaire Beauregard, École Élémentaire Dussoubs, École Élémentaire Etienne Marcel, École Élémentaire Jussienne, and École Élémentaire Louvois.<ref name="Rech"/> Collège César Franck is the sole state-operated high school in the arrondissement.

École Élémentaire Privée Saint-Sauveur is the sole private primary school institution in the second arrondissement. Private secondary school institutions include École du 2nd Degré Général Privée Rene Reaumur, École Générale et Technologique Privée Lafayette, École du 2nd degré professionnel privée CTRE PRI ENS SOINS ESTHETIQUES, École du 2nd degré professionnel privée EC INTERNATIONALE DE COIFFURE, École du 2nd degré professionnel privée ECOLE DE BIJOUTERIE-JOAILLERIE, and École technologique privée ITECOM INST TECHN COMMUNIC.<ref name="Rech"/>


Map

File:Paris 2nd.png
Map of the 2nd arrondissement

Cityscape

Places of interest in the arrondissement

File:Galerie Colbert.jpg
Rotunda of the Galerie Colbert, built in 1826 as a rival to the next and then very popular "Galerie Vivienne" covered passageway
  • Bibliothèque nationale de France historical building (site Richelieu) (Monument historique)
  • Café de la Paix
  • Galerie Colbert
  • Opéra-Comique
  • Paris stock exchange (Palais Brongniart, former headquarters)
  • Passage des Panoramas
  • Théâtre des Bouffes Parisiens
  • Théâtre des Variétés
  • Théâtre-Musée des Capucines, a perfume museum
  • Tour Jean sans Peur, the last vestige of the Hôtel de Bourgogne

Former buildings in the arrondissement

  • Salle Feydeau
  • Salle de la Bourse
  • Théâtre de l'Hôtel de Bourgogne

Main streets and squares

File:ParisMairie2ème.JPG
Mairie, 8 rue de la Banque
  • Rue de la Banque
  • Place de la Bourse
  • Boulevard de Bonne-Nouvelle
  • Boulevard des Capucines
  • Rue des Capucines
  • Rue de Cléry
  • Rue Étienne-Marcel
  • Rue du Faubourg-Montmartre
  • Boulevard des Italiens
  • Rue du Louvre
  • Rue Monsigny
  • Boulevard Montmartre
  • Rue Montmartre
  • Rue Montorgueil
  • Rue Notre-Dame des Victoires
  • Avenue de l'Opéra (partial)
  • Rue de la Paix
  • Rue des Petits-Champs
  • Boulevard Poissonnière
  • Rue du Quatre-Septembre
  • Rue Réaumur
  • Rue de Richelieu (partial)
  • Boulevard Saint-Denis
  • Rue Saint-Denis
  • Rue Saint-Sauveur
  • Boulevard Sébastopol
  • Rue de Turbigo
  • Place des Victoires (partial)

References

Template:Reflist

  • Le Guide du routard 2006: Paris.
  • 54 Promenades en Famille. A Paris et en Île-de-France.

External links

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