5th arrondissement of Paris

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The 5th arrondissement of Paris (also known as "arrondissement du Panthéon") is one of the 20 arrondissements (administrative districts) of the capital city of France.

Situated on the left bank of the River Seine, it is one of the central arrondissements of the capital. The arrondissement is notable for being the location of the Quartier Latin, a district dominated by universities, colleges, and prestigious high schools.

The 5th arrondissement is also one of the oldest districts of the city, dating back to ancient times. Traces of the area's past survive in such sites as the Arènes de Lutèce, a Roman amphitheatre, and the Thermes de Cluny, a Roman thermae.

Geography

The 5th arrondissement covers some 2.541 km² (0.981 sq. miles, or 628 acres) in central Paris.

Demography

The population of the arrondissement peaked in 1911 when the population density reached almost 50,000 inhabitants per km². In 1999, the population was 58,849, while 48,909 worked in the arrondissement.

Historical population

Year
(of French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km²)
1872 96,689 38,052
1911 Template:Small 121,378 47,768
1954 106,443 41,890
1962 96,031 37,793
1968 83,721 32,948
1975 67,668 26,630
1982 62,173 24,468
1990 61,222 24,094
1999 58,849 23,160
2009 61,531 24,225

Immigration

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History

Template:Unreferenced section The Ve arrondissement is the oldest arrondissement in Paris, and was first built by the Romans.

The construction of the Roman town Lutetia dates back from the 1st century BC, which was built after the conquest of the Gaulish site, situated on the île de la Cité by the Romans.

Government and infrastructure

The Ministry of Higher Education and Research has its head office in the arrondissement.

Map

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Map of the 5th arrondissement

Cityscape

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Places of interest

  • Arènes de Lutèce
  • Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève
  • Centre de la Mer et des Eaux
  • Fontaine Saint-Michel
  • Institut du Monde Arabe (Arab World Institute)
  • Jardin des Plantes and the Musée National d'Histoire Naturelle
  • Maison de la Mutualité
  • Montagne Sainte-Geneviève
  • Musée de Cluny, hosting the Thermes de Cluny
  • Musée Curie
  • Musée des Collections Historiques de la Préfecture de Police
  • Musée de la Sculpture en Plein Air
  • The Panthéon
  • Quartier Latin
  • Val-de-Grâce military hospital

Religious buildings

  • Saint-Ephrem church
  • Saint-Étienne-du-Mont church
  • Saint-Jacques-de-Haut-Pas church
  • Saint-Jean-l'Evangéliste church
  • Saint-Julien-le-Pauvre church
  • Saint Médard church
  • Saint-Nicolas-du-Chardonnet church
  • Saint-Séverin church
  • La Grande Mosquée (Great Mosque of Paris), created in 1922 after World War I, as a sign of recognition from the nation to the fallen Muslim tirailleurs who lost their lives at Verdun and in the take-back of Douaumont fort)

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Colleges and universities

As part of the Latin Quarter, the 5th arrondissement is known for its high concentration of educational and research establishments.

  • Collège de France
  • Collège international de philosophie
  • École Normale Supérieure
  • École Polytechnique (historical campus; the school has now been relocated)
  • Jussieu Campus
  • ENSCP - Chimie Paris
  • ESPCI
    • University of Paris 6
    • University of Paris 7
    • Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris
  • Sorbonne
    • University of Paris 1
    • University of Paris 3
    • University of Paris 4
    • University of Paris 5
    • Rectorate of Paris
  • Famous lycées with preparatory classes to the Grandes écoles
    • Lycée Louis-le-Grand
    • Lycée Henri IV

Main streets and squares

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  • Rue des Anglais
  • Rue de l'Arbalète
  • Rue des Arènes
  • Square des Arènes de Lutèce
  • Rue des Bernardins
  • Rue Boutebrie
  • Rue Buffon
  • Rue du Cardinal-Lemoine
  • Rue des Carmes
  • Rue Censier
  • Rue Claude Bernard
  • Rue de la Clef
  • Rue Clovis
  • Place de la Contrescarpe
  • Rue Cujas
  • Rue Cuvier
  • Rue Dante
  • Rue Descartes

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  • Rue des Écoles
  • Rue de l'Estrapade
  • Rue des Fossés-Saint-Bernard
  • Rue des Fossés-Saint-Jacques
  • Avenue des Gobelins
  • Rue Gay-Lussac
  • Rue Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
  • Rue de la Harpe
  • Rue de la Huchette
  • Place Jussieu
  • Rue Jussieu
  • Rue Lacépède
  • Rue Lagrange
  • Rue Lhomond
  • Rue Linné
  • Rue Le Goff
  • Rue Malebranche
  • Rue Monge
  • Rue de la Montagne Sainte-Geneviève

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  • Rue Mouffetard
  • Place du Panthéon
  • Rue Poliveau
  • Rue des Prêtres-Saint-Séverin
  • Square René Viviani
  • Boulevard Saint-Germain
  • Rue Saint-Jacques
  • Boulevard Saint-Michel
  • Rue Saint-Séverin
  • Rue de la Sorbonne
  • Rue Soufflot
  • Rue Thouin
  • Rue Tournefort
  • Rue d'Ulm
  • Rue Valette
  • Rue Xavier Privas

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References

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External links

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