Aix-Marseille University

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Template:Coord Template:Infobox University Aix-Marseille University (AMU) (French: Aix-Marseille Université) is a public research university located in Provence, southern France. With roots dating back to 1409, the University was formed by the merger of the University of Provence, the University of the Mediterranean and Paul Cézanne University. The merger became effective on 1 January 2012, resulting in the creation of the largest university in France and the French-speaking world, with about 70,000 students. AMU has the largest financial endowment of any academic institution in the Francophone world, standing at €650 million.

The University is organized around five main campuses situated in Aix-en-Provence and Marseille. Apart from its major campuses, AMU owns and operates facilities in Arles, Aubagne, Avignon, Digne-les-Bains, Gap, La Ciotat, Lambesc and Salon-de-Provence. The University is headquartered at the Pharo, Marseille.

AMU has produced many notable alumni in the fields of law, politics, business, economics and literature. To date, there have been 4 Nobel Laureates amongst its alumni and faculty, as well as a two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize, several heads of state, parliamentary speakers, government ministers, ambassadors and members of the French Academy. In the 2012 Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) the University was ranked 101-150th in the world, making it the 4th highest ranked university in France.


Early history (1409–1800)

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Count of Provence Louis II of Anjou, the University's founder, as painted by Barthélemy d'Eyck and now on display at the National Library of France

The institution developed out of the original University of Aix-en-Provence, founded on 9 December 1409 as a Studium Generale by Count of Provence Louis II of Anjou and recognized by Papal Bull issued by Pope Alexander V. However, there is evidence that teaching at Aix existed in some form from the beginning of the 12th century, since there were a doctor of theology in 1100, a doctor of law in 1200 and a professor of law in 1320 on the books. The decision to establish the university was, in part, a response to the already-thriving University of Paris. As a result, in order to be sure of the viability of the new institution, Louis II compelled his Provençal students to study at Aix only. Thus, the letters patent for the university were granted, and the government of the university was created. The Archbishop of Aix-en-Provence Thomas de Puppio was appointed as the first chancellor of the university for the rest of his life. After his death in 1420, a new chancellor was elected by the rector, masters, and licentiates – uncommon arrangement not repeated at any other French university. The rector had to be an “ordinary student”, who had unrestricted civil and criminal jurisdiction in all cases where one party was a doctor or scholar of the university. Those displeased with the rector’s decisions could appeal to a doctor legens. Eleven consiliarii assisted the rector, being elected yearly by their predecessors. These individuals represented all faculties, but were elected from among the students. The constitution was of a student-university, and the instructors did not have great authority except in granting degrees. Mention should be made that a resident doctor or student who married was required to pay "charivari" to the university, the amount varying with the degree or status of the man, and being increased if the bride was a widow. Refusal to submit to this statutable extortion was punished by the assemblage of students at the summons of the rector with frying-pans, bassoons, and horns at the house of the newly married couple. Continued recusancy was followed by the piling up of dirt in front of their door upon every Feast-day. These injunctions were justified on the ground that the money extorted was devoted to divine service.

In 1486 Provence passed to the French crown. The continued existence of the University was confirmed by Louis XII of France, and Aix-en-Provence continued to be a significant provincial centre. It was, for instance, the seat of a provincial parlement from 1501 to 1789, no doubt aided by the presence of the law faculty.

In 1603 Henry IV of France established the Collège Royal de Bourbon in Aix-en-Provence for the study of belles-lettres and philosophy, supplementing the traditional faculties of the University, but not formally a part of it. This "college de plain exercice" became a significant seat of learning, under the control of the Jesuit order. Throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, the college served most often as a preparatory, but unaffiliated, school for the University. The University could only confer degrees in the theology, law, and medicine; but candidates for degrees had first to pass an examination in philosophy, which was only provided by the college. Universities frequently accepted merely candidates who had studied in colleges formally affiliated with them, which in practice required both college and university to be situated in the same city. In 1762 the Jesuits were expelled from France, and in 1763 the College Royal de Bourbon was officially affiliated with the University as a faculty of arts.

The addition of the College Royal de Bourbon widened the scope of courses provided at the University of Aix-en-Provence. Formal instruction in the French language was initially provided at the college, with texts and a structured course of study. Physics later became a part of the curriculum at the college as a part of the philosophy course in the 18th century. Equipment for carrying out experiments was obtained and the first course in experimental physics was provided at Aix-en-Provence in 1741. Newtonian physics, nevertheless, was merely taught after 1755, when the physicist Paulian offered his first class and Newton’s Principia and commentaries were obtained for the library.

The French Revolution, with its focus on the individual and an end to inherited privilege, saw the suppression of the universities. To the revolutionaries, universities embodied bastions of corporatism and established interests. Moreover, lands owned by the universities and utilized for their support, represented a source of wealth to be tapped by the revolutionary government, just as property possessed by the Church had been confiscated. In 1792, the University of Aix, along with twenty-one other universities, was dissolved. Specialized ecoles, with rigorous entrance examinations and open to anyone with talent, were eventually created in order to offer professional training in specialized areas. Even so, the government found it necessary to allow the faculties of law and medicine to continue in Aix-en-Provence and Marseille in the early 19th century.

Modern era (1800–1973)

During the 19th century, additional faculties were created in Aix-en-Provence and Marseille to serve the changing needs of French society. For instance, Hippolyte Fortoul, later Minister of National Education and Public Worship of France, was the first dean and professor of a new faculty in French literature established in Aix-en-Provence in the 1840s. In 1896, the departmental council of the Bouches-du-Rhône founded a chair in the faculty of letters at Aix-en-Provence in the language and literature of Mediterranean Europe; their aim was to assist the commercial exploitation of the region by French business. A new science faculty was created in Marseille to support the growing industrialization of the region. At about the same time, a special training program was created in the faculty of medicine in order to train doctors in colonial medicine for France’s expanding colonial empire.

The most significant development for the university in the 19th century, nevertheless, was the recreation of French universities in 1896. Facing acute competition from prestigious German universities following the Franco-Prussian War, French legislators were anxious to have their own universities. In 1896 a law was passed creating seventeen autonomous regional universities financed mainly by the state. The various faculties in Aix-en-Provence and Marseille were grouped into the new University of Aix-Marseille.

Through two world wars and a depression, the University of Aix-Marseille continued to develop. Increasing numbers of women and foreign students joined the student body, and an overwhelming majority of students majored in the science, medicine, and law. Individual faculties were almost autonomous from university administration and the Ministry of Education frequently intervened directly among the faculties.

Following riots among university students in May 1968, a reform of French education occurred. The Orientation Act (Loi d’Orientation de l’Enseignement Superieur) of 1968 divided the old faculties into smaller subject departments, reduced the power of the Ministry of Education, and created smaller universities, with strengthened administrations. Subsequently, the University of Aix-Marseille was divided into two institutions. Each university had different areas of concentration of study and the faculties were divided as follows:

  • University of Aix-Marseille I: law, political science, history, psychology, sociology, ethnology, philosophy, mathematics, physics, chemistry, natural sciences, languages, literature and civilization
  • University of Aix-Marseille II: economic science, geography, technology, medicine, pharmacy, dental surgery, topical medicine, physical education and ocean science

In 1973, conservative faculty members demanded and obtained the creation of the University of Aix-Marseille III, grouping law, political science, applied economics, earth science, ecology and technological studies.

The three universities of Aix-Marseille eventually merged again in 2012.


Aix-Marseille University enrols nearly 71,000 students, including more than 10,000 international students from 128 different countries. The University, with its wide range of general and vocational courses including over 590 degree courses, offers teaching in fields as varied as the Arts, Social Sciences, Health, Sport and Economics, Law and Political Sciences, Applied Economics and Management, and Exact Sciences such as Mathematics, Data-processing, Physical Sciences, Astrophysical Sciences, Chemistry and Biology. Its 132 recognized research units and 21 faculties make it a centre of international excellence in social and natural sciences. With more than 500 international agreements, the University participates in the creation of European area of education and research and in the development of mobility. A policy in the direction of Asian countries has led to increase its enrolments of excellent international students. Programmes in French and/or English have been organized in order to favour the welcome and the integration of international students, in particular thanks to the presence within the University of the Institute of French Studies for Foreign Students (Institut d'Etudes Françaises Pour Etudiants Etrangers (IEFEE)). The IEFEE was founded in 1953 and is regarded as one of the best French-language teaching centres in the country. About a thousand students from 65 countries attend the institute throughout the academic year. The institute is also a notable centre for teachers of French as a foreign language, and its function is to provide training and perfecting of linguistic abilities in French as a scientific and cultural means of communication. Furthermore, the University is "one of the most distinguished in France, second only to the University of Paris in the areas of French literature, history, and linguistics", according to Harvard University's website.

The University’s library system comprises 59 libraries, with 662,000 volumes, 20,000 online periodical titles, and thousands of digital resources, making it one of the largest and most diverse academic library systems in France. The overall area occupied by the libraries is equal to 37,056 m², including 19,703 m² public access space. The libraries offer 49.2 kilometers of open-stacks shelving and 4,219 seats for student study. In addition, there are 487 computer workstations, which are available to the public for research purposes.

Political Science

thumb]] Many prominent government leaders have studied at the University's Institute of Political Studies (Institut d'études politiques d'Aix-en-Provence), also known as Sciences Po Aix. The institute is housed in the Palais de l'université, a monument historique designed by architect Georges Vallon in 1734. Established in 1956, it is one of a network of 9 world-famous IEPs (Instituts d’Etudes Politiques) in France, including those in Bordeaux, Grenoble, Lille, Lyon, Paris, Rennes, Strasbourg and Toulouse. The IEP is a Grande école in political science and its primary aim is to train senior executives for the public, semi-public, and private sectors. Although the IEP offers a multitude of disciplines, its main focus is on politics, including related subjects such as history, law, economics, languages, international relations, and media studies. Its admissions process is among the toughest and most selective in the country. It should be noted that by means of a partnership with the Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg, Sciences Po Aix offers a French-German bilingual degree, awarding students with a double diploma. In addition, Sciences Po Aix and the UCLA School of Law, the law school of the University of California, Los Angeles, signed an agreement for academic cooperation in order to promote exchanges for research and study. Thus, the IEP now has numerous exchange programs through partnerships with close to 100 different universities in the world: the school therefore welcomes 120 foreign students a year. On top of these academic exchanges, students have the opportunity to do internships abroad in large international firms.

Among the best-known people who graduated from Sciences Po Aix are the current Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Christine Lagarde, the current Minister of Labour, Employment and Immigration of Luxembourg, Nicolas Schmit, former Minister of Justice of France, Élisabeth Guigou, former Presidents of the National Assembly of France, Philippe Séguin and Patrick Ollier.


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Faculty of Law and Political Science

The law school at AMU dates back to the University's foundation in 1409. The school had far-reaching influence, since written law, which in France originated in Aix-en-Provence, spread from there, eventually replacing the common law practiced throughout the rest of Northern Gaul. The law school has a long tradition of self-management, with a strongly institutionalized culture and practices enrooted in the social and economic realities of the region. Today, it is one of the largest law schools in France, and is considered to be one of the nation's leading centres for legal research and teaching. As of 2013 the law school was ranked 3rd nationally by SMBG, following Paris II and Paris I universities. The school is unique among French law schools for the breadth of courses offered and the extent of research undertaken in a wide range of fields. Other than Paris II Panthéon-Assas, the school "has attracted the most prestigious law faculty in France", according to the University of Connecticut's website. The teaching faculty comprises 155 professors and 172 adjunct lecturers, the latter drawn from private practice, the civil service, the judiciary and other organizations. Much of the legal research at the University is done under the auspices of its many research institutes – there is one in almost every field of law. Research activity is buttressed by a network of libraries, which holds an impressive collection of monographs and periodicals, including an important collection of 16th-century manuscripts. Moreover, the libraries have several specialized rooms dedicated to specific fields of law, in particular in International and European Law and Legal Theory.

The law school, in conjunction with the UCL Faculty of Laws, operates a joint LLB programme. This four-year programme includes a year at AMU and leads to the award of a Bachelor of Laws degree from University College London (UCL) together with a Diploma/Certificate in French Law.

The school has produced a large number of luminaries in law and politics including the 2nd President of France, Adolphe Thiers, former President of the Constituent National Assembly of France, Félix Gouin, former Minister of Justice of France, Adolphe Crémieux, and former Prime Minister of France, Édouard Balladur. The school has also educated two Nobel Laureates: René Cassin, winner of the 1968 Nobel Peace Prize, and Frédéric Mistral, winner of the 1904 Nobel Prize in Literature. Alumni also include the 3rd President of Lebanon, Émile Eddé, former Prime Minister of Bulgaria, Vasil Kolarov, former Prime Minister of Angola, Fernando José de França Dias Van-Dúnem, and former Prime Minister of Cambodia, Prince Norodom Ranariddh. In addition, from 1858 to 1861, complying with his father's wishes, a prominent French artist and Post-Impressionist painter Paul Cézanne attended the school, while also receiving drawing lessons.

Business and Management Studies

The University’s Institute of Business Administration (Institut d'Administration des Entreprises), commonly known as IAE Aix-en-Provence, was the first Graduate School of Management in the French public university system. IAE Aix is “a prestigious, double-accredited institution, with an international approach to business combining both classic and innovative teaching methods”, according to The Independent. It is the only French public university entity to receive dual international accreditation: the European standard of excellence EQUIS in 1999, and the AMBA accreditation in 2004 for its MBA Change & Innovation, in 2005 for its Master’s programmes and in 2007 for its Executive Part-time MBA. Its Euro*MBA programme is triple-accredited by the AACSB, AMBA and EQUIS. The school is composed of 40 permanent faculty members, and invites more than 30 international professors and 150 business speakers each year to conduct lectures and courses within the various programmes. IAE Aix offers graduate level programmes in general management, international management, internal audit of organisations, service management, internal and external communications management, management and information technologies, international financial management and applied marketing. In 2011, the M.Sc. in General Management was ranked 2nd in France along with the M.Sc. in Services Management and Marketing being ranked 3rd and the M.Sc. in Audit and Corporate Governance also being ranked 3rd in the country by SMBG.

In 1990, IAE Aix and ESSEC Business School (École supérieure des sciences économiques et commerciales) signed an agreement to unite and offer a joint Doctorate Programme, allowing ESSEC professors to teach in the Research Oriented Master programme in Aix-en-Provence. Furthermore, after Research Oriented Master graduation, students can attend the ESSEC Doctorate seminars and have an ESSEC Research Advisor (Directeur de Recherche). In the same way, ESSEC students can enroll in the IAE Aix's Research Oriented Master and Doctorate programmes. In both cases, the members of the thesis juries come from both IAE Aix and ESSEC. The Doctorate title is awarded by Aix-Marseille University.


Aix-Marseille School of Economics (AMSE) is a gathering of three big laboratories in economics, part of AMU: GREQAM (Groupement de Recherche en Economie Quantitative d’Aix Marseille), SESSTIM (Sciences Economiques & Sociales de la Santé & Traitement de l’Information Médicale), and IDEP (Institut D’Economie Publique). GREQAM is a research center which specializes in all areas of economics, with strong concentrations in macroeconomics, econometrics, game theory, economic philosophy and public economics. It counts two Fellows of the Econometric Society among its members, and is consistently ranked as one of the top five research centers in economics in France. SESSTIM consists of three teams in social and economic sciences, as well as social epidemiology, focusing on applications in the following fields: cancer, infectious and transmissible diseases, and aging. IDEP aims at federating competences in the field of Public Economics broadly defined as the part of economics that studies the causes and the consequences of public intervention in the economic sphere.

AMSE has a triple aim in terms of research development about “Globalization and public action”, education regarding Master and PhD degrees and valorization toward local authorities, administrations and corporations, and of information aiming at all public. The AMSE Master is a two-year Master programme in Economics jointly organized with Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales and Ecole Centrale de Marseille. It aims to provide high-level courses and training in the main fields of specialization of AMSE: Development Economics, Econometrics, Public Economics, Environmental Economics, Finance/Insurance, Macroeconomics, Economic Philosophy, and Health Economics. The doctoral programme of AMSE brings together more than seventy PhD students. Ten to fifteen new PhD students join the programme each year. These PhD students cover all the research topics available at AMSE. The PhD programme is a member of the European Doctoral Group in Economics (EDGE) with University of Cambridge, University of Copenhagen, University College Dublin, Bocconi University, and Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich.


The Faculty of Medicine at AMU can trace its origins to a college of medicine established in 1645 and recognized by a decree issued by the Council of State of France in 1683. During the revolution, although a faculty of medicine was created in Montpellier, Marseille was left aside, probably because of its close proximity. In 1818, École Secondaire de Médecine et de Pharmacie opened in Marseille and this later became an École de Plein Exercice in 1841. Consequently, it was not until 1930 that a faculty of medicine was formally organiesed in Marseille. However, the town’s geographical position meant that it was able to exert a strong influence upon the Mediterranean. The most significant example of this was Antoine Clot, known as Clot Bey, who with the help of Muhammad Ali of Egypt, founded a school of medicine in Cairo in 1827. This enabled Egyptian students to travel to France and encouraged exchanges between western and eastern medicine. In Marseille, medical practices adapted to tropical diseases developed under the influence of the military department of medicine. Physiology at the faculty dates back to Charles Livon, who was named professeur suppléant (deputy professor) and then professeur agrégé (associate professor) of anatomy and physiology having presented his thesis in Paris. He conducted research on hypophysis and pneumogastric physiology, which earned him the Monthyon Prize at the French Academy of Sciences. Following his work with Louis Pasteur, he opened an anti-rabies clinic and became Mayor of Marseille in 1895. The first dean of the faculty was Leon Imbert, who arrived in Marseille in 1904 as a former interne des hôpitaux and professeur agrégé at the Montpellier faculty. Originally a surgeon, he established one of the first centers for maxillofacial prosthetics for the gueules cassées (broken faces) of the Great War. An anti-cancer center was developed by Lucien Cornill, who was originally from Vichy and studied in Paris. During the First World War, he worked at the neurological center in the 7th Military region of Besancon under the supervision of Gustave Roussy. After the war, he became a professeur agrégé of pathological anatomy. He became dean of the faculty in 1937 and held this position until 1952. His main work related to clinical neurology and medullary pathology.

The Faculty of Pharmacy started its independent activity after being separated from the faculty in 1970. Subsequently, the Faculty of Odontology also became independent from the Faculty of Medicine. Thus, these three faculties form the Division of Health of the University.


The University's Astronomy Observatory of Marseille-Provence (OAMP) is one of the French National observatories under the auspices of the National Institute of Astronomy (INSU) of the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), with a large financial participation by the National Centre for Space Studies (CNES). Basic research at the OAMP is organized around three priority themes: cosmology and research on dark matter and dark energy, galaxy dynamics and formation, stellar and planetary system formation and exploration of the solar system. The OAMP also contributes to the area of environmental sciences and especially the study of the climatic system. The OAMP is very active in technological research and development, mainly in optics and opto-mechanics, for the development of the main observational instruments that will be deployed on the ground and in space in the coming decades. For many years OAMP research teams have had close ties with the French and European space and optical industry. The OAMP takes part in university education in astrophysics, physics and mathematics, as well as in instrumentation and signal processing from the first year of university to the doctorate level. These programs lead to openings in the fields of research and high-tech industry. The OAMP organizes many astronomy outreach activities in order to share important discoveries with the public. The OAMP consists of two establishments: the Laboratory of Astrophysics of Marseille (LAM) and the Observatory of Haute-Provence (OHP), along with the Département Gassendi, which is a common administrative and technical support unit. With over 50 researchers, 160 engineers, technical and administrative personnel, plus some 20 graduate students and post-docs, the OAMP is one of the most important research institutes in the region.


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Hôtel Boyer de Fonscolombe, home to the Institute of Public Management and Territorial Governance

Aix-Marseille University is organized into five sectors:

  • Law and Political Science
    • Faculty of Law and Political Science
    • Institute of Public Management and Territorial Governance
  • Economics and Management
    • Faculty of Economics and Management
    • Journalism and Communication School of Marseille
    • Institute of Business Administration of Aix-en-Provence
    • Regional Institute of Labour
  • Arts, Literature, Languages and Human Sciences
    • Faculty of Arts, Literature, Languages and Human Sciences
    • Training Centre for Musicians
    • The Mediterranean House of Human Sciences
  • Health
    • Faculty of Medicine
    • Faculty of Odontology
    • Faculty of Pharmacy
    • Midwives' University School Marseille Méditerranée
  • Sciences and Technology
    • Faculty of Sciences
    • Faculty of Sports
    • Observatory of Universe Sciences – Pytheas Institute
    • Polytech Marseille

In addition, three University Institutes of Technology and University Institute for Teachers Training are part of the University.


Aix-Marseille University is governed by three councils: two of them (the council of studies and student life for the teaching side and the scientific council for research matters) have an advisory role, the third one (the administrative council) is the decision body under the direction of the President of the University. The President is elected for a 5-year period by the assembly of the three councils. The members of the councils are representatives of the students, the administrative staff, the faculty, or external personalities. The University statutes define the division into different schools or institutes. Each one of those, headed by a dean or a director, has its administrative council that decides on policy issues.

If the President of the University is the most important actor in defining the mission and the strategies of the University, he also has the necessary power to impulse or to sustain the projects that relate to these strategies. Before implementing these projects, they have to be accepted by the University Council and if necessary they have to be included in the planning processes.

There are two main planning processes in the definition of projects in the University that have to be followed in order to be financed or even authorised and accredited by the public (national and local) authorities.

The first process takes place every six years and involves the central government, the region as well as the University. It is devoted to major investment projects, for instance building a new school, a new campus, a new library, etc. It is a catalogue of projects and for each of them it defines the financial burden accepted by each partner in the contract.

The second process covers four years and has to be approved by the French Ministry of Education. In this process, the University sets its objectives at the pedagogical and research levels (new degrees, research projects).

This planning process is very important because the University is free to define its own strategy, to be approved by the decision makers. Each process generates an important brainstorming period at all levels of the University in order to identify and build new ideas, new needs, and opportunities, to prioritise them, after an analysis of strengths and weaknesses. Other choices can be made after each process is closed, but they are more difficult to implement because other sources of funding and other ways of authorisation must be found.


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Fanny Ardant, winner of the 1997 César Award for Best Actress
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René Cassin, President of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) from 1965 to 1968 & the Nobel Peace Prize Laureate
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Adolphe Crémieux, Minister of Justice of France Feb-Jun 1848 & from 1870 to 1871
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Gaston Defferre, Minister of the Interior of France from 1981 to 1984
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Thomas Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde, Leader of the House of Lords & Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster from 2010 to 2013
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Hermann Höcherl, Minister of the Interior of Germany from 1961 to 1965
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Christine Lagarde, 11th & current Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Frédéric Mistral, winner of the 1904 Nobel Prize in Literature
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Maurice Rouvier, Prime Minister of France May-Dec 1887 & from 1905 to 1906
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Philippe Séguin, President of the National Assembly of France from 1993 to 1997
Adolphe Thiers, President of France from 1871 to 1873
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Jean-Louis Trintignant, winner of the Best Actor Award at the 1969 Cannes Film Festival & the 2013 César Award for Best Actor
  • Mohamed Abbou – Minister-Delegate for Public Service and the Modernization of the Administration of Morocco: 2007–2010; Member of the House of Representatives of Morocco: 1997–present
  • Benjamin Abram – Mayor of Aix-en-Provence: 1888–1896
  • Simon Achidi Achu – Prime Minister of Cameroon: 1992–1996; Minister of Justice of Cameroon: 1972–1975
  • Chris Agee – Irish poet, essayist and editor
  • Jean Aicard – French poet, dramatist and novelist
  • Paul Alexis – French novelist, dramatist and journalist
  • Thierry Amiel – French singer and songwriter
  • Barry Jean Ancelet – Cajun folklorist, expert in Cajun music and Cajun French
  • Peter Annis – Judge of the Federal Court (Canada): 2013–present
  • Kiarash Anvari – Iranian film maker, video artist and script writer
  • Joseph d'Arbaud – French poet
  • Fanny Ardant – French actress, winner of the 1997 César Award for Best Actress
  • Christophe Arleston – French comics writer and editor
  • Isabelle Arvers – French media art curator, critic and author, specializing in video and computer games, web animation, digital cinema, retrogaming, chiptunes and machinima
  • Ariane Ascaride – French actress, winner of the 1998 César Award for Best Actress
  • Françoise Atlan – French singer
  • Antoine Aude – Mayor of Aix-en-Provence: 1835–1848
  • Ali Bach Hamba – Tunisian lawyer, journalist and politician
  • Édouard Balladur – Prime Minister of France: 1993–1995; Minister of the Economy, Finance and Privatization of France: 1986–1988
  • Nizar Baraka – Minister of Economy and Finance of Morocco: 2012–present
  • Charles Jean Marie Barbaroux – French politician of the Revolutionary period
  • Gilles Barbier – French contemporary artist
  • Jacques Barrot – Member of the Constitutional Council of France: 2010–present; Vice-President of the European Commission: 2004–2010; European Commissioner for Justice, Fundamental Rights and Citizenship: 2008–2010; European Commissioner for Transport: 2004–2008; Minister of Social Affairs of France: 1995–1997; Minister of Health of France: 1979–1981; Minister of Commerce and Industry of France: 1978–1979
  • Victor Barthélemy – French political activist
  • Paul Bastide – French conductor and composer
  • Philippe Baumard – organizational scientist who has held visiting professorships at New York University, University of California, Stanford University, and is currently École Polytechnique's Chair on Innovation & Regulation, and President of the Scientific Council of France's High Council for Strategic Education and Research
  • Dominique Bénard – former Deputy Secretary-General of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM)
  • Félix de Beaujour – former French Ambassador to the United States
  • Sunil Benimadhu – the Chief Executive of the Stock Exchange of Mauritius (SEM): 1998-present
  • Driss Benzekri – Moroccan left-wing political and human rights activist
  • Ariel Beresniak – Swiss specialist in Public Health and Health Economics
  • Gaston Berger – French futurist, industrialist and philosopher
  • Léon de Berluc-Pérussis – French poet and historian
  • Ishmael Bernal – Filipino film, stage and television director
  • Saviour Bernard – Maltese medical practitioner, scientist, and major philosopher
  • Alphonse Berns – Ambassador of Luxembourg to the United States: 1991–1998; Permanent Representative of Luxembourg to the UN: 2002–2005; Ambassador of Luxembourg to Belgium: 2005–2011; Permanent Representative of Luxembourg to NATO: 2005–2011; Ambassador of Luxembourg to the UK: 2011–2013
  • Mongo Beti – Cameroonian writer
  • Carole Bienaimé – French film and television producer
  • James Birch – English art dealer, curator and gallery owner
  • Roland Blum – French conservative politician, member of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP)
  • Lionel Bobot – Professor in "Negotiation and Strategy" at NEGOCIA Business School (Paris Chamber of Commerce) and Associate Researcher at INRA (French National Institute for Agricultural Research) and ESCP GTI lab
  • Albert Borschette – European Commissioner for Competition: 1970–1976; Luxembourgian European Commissioner: 1970–1976
  • Philippe Bourguignon – Member of the Board of Directors of eBay, former co-Chief Executive Officer of the World Economic Forum (WEF)
  • Frédérick Bousquet – French freestyle and butterfly swimmer
  • Jean Boutière – French philologist
  • Valérie Boyer – Member of the National Assembly of France: 2007–2012/2012–2017; Deputy Mayor of Marseille: 2008–present
  • Emmanuel Boyer de Fonscolombe – French composer
  • Beverley Bie Brahic – American poet and translator
  • Jean-Baptiste de Brancas – Bishop of La Rochelle: 1725–1729; Archbishop of Aix-en-Provence: 1729–1770
  • Marcel Brion – French essayist, literary critic, novelist and historian
  • Emmanuel Brunet Jailly – Canadian politics and public policy scholar
  • Ashley Bryan – American writer and illustrator of children's books, winner of the Laura Ingalls Wilder Award
  • Joseph Cabassol – Mayor of Aix-en-Provence: 1902–1908
  • Marion May Campbell – Australian novelist and academic
  • Brian Campion – American politician
  • Régis Campo – French composer
  • Marie-Arlette Carlotti – Member of the European Parliament
  • René Cassin – the French Minister of Justice: 1941–1943; President of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR): 1965–1968; the 1968 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate
  • Raymond Cayol – Member of the National Assembly of France: 1946–1951
  • Paul Cézanne – French artist and Post-Impressionist painter
  • Zouheir Chokr – President of the Lebanese University, former Lebanese Ambassador to Qatar
  • Jürgen Chrobog – German Ambassador to the United States: 1995–2001
  • Lucien Clergue – French photographer, Chairman of the Academy of Fine Arts
  • Gilbert Collard – Member of the National Assembly of France: 2012–2017
  • Raphaël Confiant – French writer
  • Adolfo Costa du Rels – President of the Council of the League of Nations: 1940–1946; Minister of Foreign Affairs of Bolivia: 1948; Bolivian Ambassador to France: 1948–1952
  • Jean-Michel Couve – Member of the National Assembly of France: 1988–1993/1993–1997/1997–2002/2002–2007/2007–2012/2012–2017
  • Adolphe Crémieux – the French Minister of Justice: 1848; 1870–1871
  • Gaston Crémieux – French lawyer, journalist and writer
  • Anaïs Croze – French singer
  • Veronica Dahl – Argentine/Canadian computer scientist
  • Michel Darluc – French naturalist
  • Marcelo Dascal – Israeli philosopher and linguist, professor of philosophy at Tel Aviv University
  • Nigel Davies – British anthropologist and historian, former MP for Epping, UK
  • Gaston Defferre – Minister of the Interior of France: 1981–1984; Mayor of Marseille: 1944–1946; 1953–1986
  • Thomas Degos – the Prefect of Mayotte: 2011–present
  • Alexandre del Valle – Italo-French political scientist and geopolitician
  • Blaise Diagne – French political leader, the first black African elected to the National Assembly of France
  • Pape Diouf – President of Olympique de Marseille: 2005–2009
  • Maurice Dongier – neuropsychiatrist at the Douglas Hospital Research Centre in Montreal, Canada
  • François Doumenge – French geographer
  • Tony Downes – the Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Professor of Law of the University of Reading
  • Nick Drake – English singer-songwriter and musician
  • Pierre-Michel Duffieux – French physicist, the founder of Fourier optics
  • Ferdinand Duviard – French writer and novelist
  • William A. Earle – American philosopher
  • Jean Echenoz – French writer
  • Émile Eddé – President of Lebanon: 1936–1941; Prime Minister of Lebanon: 1929–1930
  • Toussaint-Bernard Émeric-David – French archaeologist and writer on art
  • Mansour Mohamed El-Kikhia – Libyan academic and politician
  • Roland Eng – Advisor to the Cambodian Government and Ambassador-at-Large
  • Marian Engel – Canadian novelist
  • Bruno Étienne – French sociologist and political analyst
  • Roger Excoffon – French graphic designer
  • Charles Annibal Fabrot – French jurisconsult
  • Pierre Falcone – French businessman, the Chairman of Pierson Capital Group
  • Arthur Fallot – French physician
  • Christopher Fomunyoh – Senior Associate for Africa and Regional Director at the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI)
  • Sadaf Foroughi – Iranian film maker, video artist and film editor
  • José Frèches – French historical novelist
  • F. J. Friend-Pereira – Indian academic and author
  • Marc Fumaroli – French historian and essayist
  • Thomas Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde, PC – British politician, the Leader of the House of Lords, the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and the Leader of the Conservative Party in the House of Lords
  • Sauveur Gandolfi-Scheit – Member of the National Assembly of France: 2007–2012/2012–2017
  • Roger Garaudy – French philosopher
  • Pierre Joseph Garidel – French botanist
  • Romain Gary – French diplomat, novelist, film director and World War II aviator
  • Joachim Gasquet – French author, poet, and art critic
  • Pierre Gassendi – French philosopher, priest, scientist, astronomer and mathematician
  • Henri Gastaut – French neurologist
  • Antoine Marc Gaudin – professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and a founding member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE)
  • Xiao Ge – Chinese artist and curator
  • Sebhat Gebre-Egziabher – Ethiopian writer
  • Éric Geoffroy – French philosopher, islamologist, writer and scholar
  • Jean-Pierre Gibert – French Canon lawyer
  • Charles Giraud – Minister of National Education of France/Minister of Public Worship of France: Jan–Apr/Oct–Dec 1851
  • Emmanuel Goffi – a French Air Force Officer
  • Félix Gouin – Chairman of the Provisional Government of France: 1946; President of the Constituent National Assembly of France: 1945–1946; President of the Consultative Assembly of France: 1943–1945
  • Sylvie Goulard – Member of the European Parliament
  • Paul Gourret – French zoologist
  • Adrien Gouteyron – French politician and a member of the Senate of France
  • Dimitar Grekov – Prime Minister of Bulgaria: Jan–Oct 1899
  • Cherif Guellal – former Algerian Ambassador to the United States
  • Jean-Marc Guichet – French orthopedic surgeon
  • Élisabeth Guigou – the French Minister of Justice: 1997–2000; the French Minister of Social Affairs: 2000–2002
  • Pétur Gunnarsson – Icelandic writer
  • Malek Haddad – Algerian poet and writer
  • Peter Hambro – founder of Peter Hambro Mining and a Non-Executive Director of the Private Banking Division of Société Générale
  • Jim Hoagland – American journalist, an associate editor, senior foreign correspondent and columnist for The Washington Post, and two-time recipient of the Pulitzer Prize
  • Hermann Höcherl – Minister of the Interior of Germany: 1961-1965; Minister of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection of Germany: 1965-1969
  • Ken Hom – Chinese American chef, author and British television-show presenter
  • Yang Huanming – Chinese genetics researcher, Director of the Beijing Genomics Institute at the Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Idriss Azami Al Idrissi – Moroccan politician of the Justice and Development Party, Minister-Delegate for the Budget in the cabinet of Abdelilah Benkirane
  • Fredric Jameson – American literary critic and Marxist political theorist, who has taught at Harvard and Yale
  • Eugène Jamot – French physician
  • Alain Joissains – Mayor of Aix-en-Provence: 1978–1983
  • Maryse Joissains-Masini – Member of the National Assembly of France: 2002–2007/2007–2012; Mayor of Aix-en-Provence: 2001–present
  • Sophie Joissains – French politician and a member of the Senate of France
  • Claude Jorda – French jurist, former Judge at the International Criminal Court
  • Pravind Jugnauth – Vice Prime Minister of Mauritius: 2010-2011; Deputy Prime Minister of Mauritius: 2003–2005; Minister of Finance of Mauritius: 2003-2005; 2009–2011
  • Sébastien Jumel – French politician, member of the French Communist Party (PCF)
  • Miro Ka?i? – Croatian linguist
  • Roger Karoutchi – the French Ambassador to the OECD: 2009–2011
  • Chips Keswick – non-executive director of DeBeers Sa, Investec Bank, Persimmon plc, Arsenal Holdings plc (the parent company of Arsenal F.C.), and former Director of the Bank of England
  • Lutz Kleveman – German investigative journalist and photographer
  • Vasil Kolarov – Provisional President of Bulgaria: 1946–1947; Prime Minister of Bulgaria: 1949–1950
  • Mamadou Koulibaly – President of the National Assembly of Côte d'Ivoire: 2001–present
  • William Kreiten – German literary critic and poet
  • Chandrika Kumaratunga – President of Sri Lanka: 1994–2005
  • Ariane Labed – French actress, who was awarded the Coppa Volpi for the Best Actress at the 67th Venice International Film Festival
  • Christine Lagarde – Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF): 2011–present; Minister of the Economy, Industry and Employment of France: 2007–2011; Minister of Agriculture of France: 2007
  • Henry-Louis de La Grange – musicologist and biographer of Gustav Mahler
  • Janja Lalich – Professor of Sociology at California State University
  • Thomas LaMarre – Canadian academic, author, Japanologist and member of the faculty of McGill University in Montreal
  • Pierre La Mure – French author
  • Jason Lamy-Chappuis – French skier, Olympic gold medallist in combined events 2008
  • Xavier Laurent – French actor
  • J. M. G. Le Clézio – French writer, winner of the 2008 Nobel Prize in Literature
  • Henri Lefebvre – French sociologist, Marxist intellectual and philosopher
  • Éliane Amado Levy-Valensi – French-Israeli psychologist, psychoanalyst and philosopher
  • Joseph Lieutaud – a pediatrician to the Louis XV of France's court, the personal physician to Louis XVI of France, a member of the French Academy of Sciences and of the Royal Society
  • Raphaël Liogier – Director of the Observatoire du religieux
  • Émile Lisbonne – Minister of Health of France: Oct–Nov 1933; Jan–Feb 1934
  • Luzolo Bambi Lessa – Minister of Justice of the Democratic Republic of the Congo: 2008–present
  • Dai Llewellyn – Welsh socialite
  • Bernard Lugan – French historian and Associate Professor of African history at Jean Moulin University Lyon 3
  • Hugh D. MacPhie – Canadian author and consultant
  • Jean-Charles Marchiani – French prefect and politician
  • Randal Marlin – Canadian philosophy professor at Carleton University in Ottawa
  • Richard Marquand – Welsh film director
  • Jean-François Mattéi – French philosopher
  • Penda Mbow – Minister of Culture of Senegal: 2001
  • Abdelwahab Meddeb – an award-winning French-language poet, novelist, essayist, translator, editor, Islamic scholar, cultural critic, political commentator, radio producer, public intellectual and professor of comparative literature at the University of Paris X-Nanterre
  • Patrick Mennucci – Member of the National Assembly of France: 2012–2017
  • Kenneth H. Merten – American diplomat and the current United States Ambassador to Croatia
  • Mostafa Mesbahzadeh – Iranian newspaper editor of Kayhan
  • Paul Meurisse – French actor
  • François Mignet – French journalist and historian
  • Stoyan Mihaylovski – Bulgarian writer and social figure
  • Simon Claude Mimouni – French biblical scholar
  • Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau – President of the National Constituent Assembly of France: 1791
  • Frédéric Mistral – French writer, winner of the 1904 Nobel Prize in Literature
  • Jean-Marc Morandini – French journalist
  • Denise Morel – French writer and psychiatrist
  • Jean-Baptiste Morin – French mathematician, astrologer and astronomer
  • Iulia Motoc – Member of the United Nations Human Rights Committee and a judge of the Constitutional Court of Romania
  • Nikola Mushanov – Prime Minister of Bulgaria: 1931–1934
  • Francisco Negrin – award winning stage director working in opera
  • Claude Njiké-Bergeret – development aid volunteer
  • Prince Norodom Ranariddh – the second son of former king Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia and a half brother of the current king Norodom Sihamoni
  • Patrick Ollier – President of the National Assembly of France: 2007; Vice-President of the National Assembly of France: 1998–2002; Mayor of Rueil-Malmaison: 2004–present
  • Joseph Louis Elzéar Ortolan – French jurist and former Chair of Comparative Criminal Law at the Sorbonne University
  • Henry Padovani – a musician from the Mediterranean French isle of Corsica, noted for being the original guitarist for the Police
  • Marcel Pagnol – French novelist, playwright, and filmmaker, who became the first filmmaker elected to the Académie Française
  • Mélanie Pain – French indie pop singer
  • Philip M. Parker – INSEAD Chaired Professor of Management Science
  • Claude-Emmanuel de Pastoret – President of the Legislative Assembly of France: 1791; Chairman of the Council of Five Hundred: 1796; President of the Chamber of Peers of France: 1829–1830
  • Elisabeth Pate-Cornell – specialist in engineering risk analysis, and professor of management science at Stanford University
  • Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc – French astronomer, antiquary and savant
  • Benoît Pelletier – Minister of Canadian Intergovernmental Affairs: 2003–2008; Leader of the Government in Parliament: 2007–2008
  • Régine Pernoud – French historian and medievalist
  • Terry Phillips – American journalist, author and media consultant
  • René Pomeau – French scholar
  • Jean-Étienne-Marie Portalis – Minister of Public Worship of France: 1804–1807
  • David Pujadas – French journalist
  • Jean-Bernard Racine – Professor of Geography at the Institute of Geography, Faculty of Geosciences and Environment of the University of Lausanne (UNIL) and at HEC Lausanne Business School
  • Daniel Rajakoba – Malagasy politician
  • Jean-Pierre Rampal – French flautist
  • François Juste Marie Raynouard – French dramatist and academic
  • Jean Renoir – French film director, screenwriter, actor, producer and author, son of the Impressionist painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir
  • Simon Renucci – Member of the National Assembly of France: 2002–2007/2007–2012
  • André de Richaud – French poet and writer
  • Didier Robert – Member of the National Assembly of France: 2007–2010
  • Léon Rostan – French internist, member of the Académie Nationale de Médecine, and foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
  • Louis Roule – French zoologist
  • Johnson Roussety – former Chief Commissioner of Rodrigues
  • Maurice Rouvier – Prime Minister of France: 1887; 1905–1906; Minister of Foreign Affairs of France: 1905–1906; Minister of Finance of France: 1902–1905; 1889–1892; 1887; Minister of Commerce of France: 1884–1885; 1881–1882
  • Ambroise Roux-Alphéran – French historian
  • Laurent Sagart – director of research at the Centre de recherches linguistiques sur l'Asie orientale, unit of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
  • Enric Sala – marine ecologist and an Explorer-in-Residence at National Geographic
  • Walter Jürgen Schmid – German Ambassador to the Russian Federation: 2005–2010; German Ambassador to the Holy See: 2010–2011; German Ambassador to the Republic of Guinea: 1992–1994
  • Nicolas Schmit – Minister of Labour, Employment and Immigration of Luxembourg: 2009–present
  • Boris Schreiber – French writer
  • Pam Seatle – TV newscaster on Citytv in Toronto, Canada, on CityNews at 6 and CityNews Tonight
  • Philippe Séguin – Minister of Social Affairs of France: 1986–1988; President of the National Assembly of France: 1993–1997; President of the Court of Financial Auditors of France: 2004–2010
  • Peng Shige – Chinese mathematician, member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Jean-Athanase Sicard – French neurologist and radiologist
  • Modibo Sidibé – Prime Minister of Mali: 2007–2011
  • Antônio Roberto Monteiro Simões – linguist, an associate professor at the University of Kansas
  • Iain Sproat – Minister for Sport and Tourism (UK): 1993–1997; Member of Parliament for Harwich: 1992–1997; Member of Parliament for Aberdeen South: 1970–1983
  • René Steichen – European Commissioner for Agriculture & Rural Development: 1992–1995; Luxembourgian European Commissioner: 1992–1995
  • Haim Steinbach – American artist
  • Patrick Subrémon – French civil servant
  • Patrick Süskind – German writer and screenwriter
  • Jorge Telerman – Argentine politician and journalist, the 4th Chief of Government of Buenos Aires City
  • Abdeljelil Temimi – Tunisian historian
  • Roland Theis – the General Secretary of the Christian Democrat Union in Saarland, Germany
  • Adolphe Thiers – 2nd President of France: 1871–1873; Co-Prince of Andorra: 1871–1873; Minister of the Interior of France: Oct–Dec 1832; Apr–Nov 1834; 1834–1836; Minister of Foreign Affairs of France: Feb–Sep 1836; Mar–Oct 1840; Prime Minister of France: Feb–Sep 1836; Mar–Oct 1840
  • Herdis Thorgeirsdottir – Icelandic lawyer and political scientist
  • Dominique Tian – Member of the National Assembly of France: 2002–2007/2007–2012/2012–2017
  • Aminata Touré – Prime Minister of Senegal: 2013–present
  • Corinne Touzet – French actress
  • Bahaa Trabelsi – Moroccan novelist
  • Jean-Louis Trintignant – French actor, winner of the Best Actor Award at the 1969 Cannes Film Festival and the 2013 César Award for Best Actor
  • Richard Tuheiava – Member of the Senate of France
  • Colin Tyre, Lord Tyre CBE – Scottish lawyer, former President of the Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe, and a Senator of the College of Justice, a judge of the Supreme Courts of Scotland
  • Albert Jan van den Berg – the Arbitration Chair at Erasmus University Rotterdam and the President of the Netherlands Arbitration Institute
  • Fernando José de França Dias Van-Dúnem – Minister of Justice of Angola: 1986–1990; Prime Minister of Angola: 1991–1992; 1996–1999; President of the National Assembly of Angola: 1992–1996
  • Nicolas Vatomanga – saxophonist, flutist, bandleader and composer
  • Ana Lydia Vega – Puerto Rican writer
  • Jean Véronis – French linguist, computer scientist and blogger
  • Dominique Vian – French overseas departments administrator
  • Nguyen Xuan Vinh – Commander of Vietnam Air Force: 1958–1962
  • Matthias Theodor Vogt – German historian and musicologist
  • Keith Waldrop – Professor Emeritus at Brown University, winner of the 2009 National Book Award for Poetry
  • Rosmarie Waldrop – American poet, translator and publisher
  • Catherine Walker – designer of Diana, Princess of Wales
  • Jens Weidmann – 8th President of the German Federal Bank: 2011–present; Member of the Governing Council of the European Central Bank (ECB): 2011–present; Governor of the International Monetary Fund (IMF): 2011–present
  • Prosper Weil – French lawyer, professor emeritus at Panthéon-Assas University, member of the Institut de France (Académie des sciences morales et politiques)
  • Choe Yun – Korean writer, winner of the 1994 Yi Sang Literary Award
  • Jane Zemiro – Australian academic and author

Heads of state and government

State/Government Leader Office
Fernando José de França Dias Van-Dúnem Prime Minister: 1991–1992; 1996–1999
Template:Flag <center> Dimitar Grekov Prime Minister: Jan–Oct 1899
Template:Flag <center> Vasil Kolarov Chairman of the Provisional Government: 1946–1947; Prime Minister: 1949–1950
Template:Flag <center> Nikola Mushanov Prime Minister: 1931–1934
Template:Flag Prince Norodom Ranariddh Prime Minister: 1993–1997
Template:Flag Simon Achidi Achu Prime Minister: 1992–1996
Template:Flag Édouard Balladur Prime Minister: 1993–1995
Template:Flag Félix Gouin Chairman of the Provisional Government: Jan–Jun 1946
Template:Flag Maurice Rouvier Prime Minister: May–Dec 1887; 1905–1906
Template:Flag Adolphe Thiers Prime Minister: Feb–Sep 1836; Mar–Oct 1840; President: 1871–1873
Template:Flag Émile Eddé Prime Minister: 1929–1930; President: 1936–1941
Template:Flag Modibo Sidibé Prime Minister: 2007–2011
Template:Flag <center> Pravind Jugnauth Deputy Prime Minister: 2003–2005; Vice Prime Minister: 2010–2011
Template:Flag <center> Aminata Touré Prime Minister: 2013–present
Template:Flag <center> Chandrika Kumaratunga President: 1994–2005

Notable faculty and staff

File:Renato Balduzzi - Trento.JPG
Renato Balduzzi, Minister of Health of Italy from 2011 to 2013
File:Justice Blackmun Official.jpg
Harry Blackmun, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1970 to 1994
File:Tullio De Mauro Trento 2007.jpg
Tullio De Mauro, Minister of Education of Italy from 2000 to 2001
File:Hippolyte Fortoul 01.jpg
Hippolyte Fortoul, Minister of National Education & Public Worship of France from 1851 to 1856

upright, winner of the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics]] upright, United States Ambassador to the United Nations from 1981 to 1985]] upright, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Greece from 1916 to 1920]]

File:ICJ-CJI hearing 1.jpg
Raymond Ranjeva (right), Vice-President of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) from 2003 to 2006
File:Justice Antonin Scalia Speaks with Staff at the U.S. Mission in Geneva (2).jpg
Antonin Scalia, current Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
File:AduC 298 Siméon (J.J., 1749-1842).JPG
Joseph Jérôme, comte Siméon, Minister of the Interior of France from 1820 to 1821
  • Jean-Claude Abric – professor in social psychology
  • Sami A. Aldeeb – Head of the Arab and Islamic Law Department at the Swiss Institute of Comparative Law, and Director of the Center of Arab and Islamic Law
  • Georges Anderla – French economist
  • Giulio Angioni – Italian writer and anthropologist, professor at the University of Cagliari, fellow of St Antony's College of the University of Oxford
  • Nicolas Maurice Arthus – French immunologist and physiologist
  • Anthony Barnes Atkinson – Fellow of the British Academy, a Senior Research Fellow of Nuffield College of the University of Oxford and Centennial Professor at the London School of Economics (LSE)
  • Sydney Hervé Aufrère – French Egyptologist, archaeologist, and director of research at CNRS
  • François Victor Alphonse Aulard – professor of the history of the French Revolution at Sorbonne University
  • Henri Bacry – visiting scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study and a researcher at CERN
  • Patrick Baert – Belgian sociologist and social theorist, Reader in Social Theory at the University of Cambridge and Fellow of Selwyn College, Cambridge
  • René Baillaud – French astronomer
  • Princess Bajrakitiyabha – the first grandchild of King Bhumibol and Queen Sirikit of Thailand, and the only child of Crown Prince Maha Vajralongkorn with Princess Soamsavali
  • Renato Balduzzi – Minister of Health of Italy: 2011–2013
  • Joseph Barthélemy – Minister of Justice of France: 1941–1943
  • Eugenio Bianchi – Italian theoretical physicist
  • Harry Blackmun – Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States: 1970–1994
  • Danielle Bleitrach – French sociologist
  • Maurice Blondel – French philosopher
  • David E. Bloom – the Chair of Harvard University's Department of Global Health and Population, Professor of Economics and Demography at the Harvard School of Public Health, and Director of the Program on the Global Demography of Aging
  • André Bon – French composer
  • Yves Bonnefoy – French poet and essayist
  • Boudewijn Bouckaert – Belgian law professor, member of the Flemish Movement, and libertarian conservative thinker and politician
  • André Boucourechliev – French composer
  • Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat – French mathematician and physicist, who was the first woman to be elected to the French Academy of Sciences
  • Henri Buisson – French physicist
  • François Burgat – French political scientist and arabist, Senior Research Fellow at the French National Centre for Scientific Research, and the Head of the French Institute of the Near East
  • Jay Bybee – federal judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit: 2003–present
  • Jean Cabannes – French physicist
  • Christian Cambillau – French scientist at the CNRS in Structural Biology
  • Gabriel Camps – French historian
  • Carlo Carraro – President of the University of Venice, Director of the Sustainable Development Programme of the Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, and Director of the Climate Impacts and Policy Division of the Euro-Mediterranean Center for Climate Change (CMCC)
  • Sadok Chaabane – Minister of Justice of Tunisia: 1992–1997; Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research of Tunisia: 1999–2004
  • Jean Chacornac – French astronomer
  • Robert Chaudenson – French linguist, a specialist in creole languages
  • Jérôme Eugène Coggia – French astronomer
  • Alain Colmerauer – French computer scientist
  • Joseph Comiti – French physician and politician
  • Paule Constant – French novelist
  • Barry Conyngham – Australian composer and academic
  • Pablo Cottenot – French astronomer
  • Louis O. Coxe – American poet, playwright, essayist, and professor
  • Brian Lee Crowley – Managing Director of the Macdonald-Laurier Institute, and the founding President of the Atlantic Institute for Market Studies (AIMS)
  • Joachim Cuntz – German mathematician
  • Boris Cyrulnik – French doctor, ethologist, neurologist and psychiatrist
  • Jacques Daviel – French ophthalmologist, oculist to Louis XV of France, Fellow of the Royal Society, and a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
  • Christie Davies – British sociologist, professor emeritus of sociology at the University of Reading
  • Tullio De Mauro – Minister of Education of Italy: 2000–2001
  • Charles Depéret – French geologist and paleontologist, member of the French Academy of Sciences and the Société géologique de France
  • August Alphonse Derbès – French naturalist, zoologist and botanist
  • Claude Domeizel – French politician, member of the Senate of France
  • Georges Duby – French historian, member of the French Academy
  • Michel Duc-Goninaz – member of the World Esperanto Youth Organization (TEJO), and co-editor of La Folieto
  • Roger Duchêne – French biographer specializing in the letters of Madame de Sévigné
  • Jean Dufay – French astronomer, member of the French Academy of Sciences
  • Frieda Ekotto – Francophone African novelist and literary critic, professor of Afro-American and African Studies and Comparative Literature at the University of Michigan
  • Jean-Yves Empereur – French archeologist and egyptologist
  • Roger Establet – French scholar of the sociology of education
  • Charles Fabry – former Professor of General Physics at Sorbonne University and the École Polytechnique
  • Louis Favoreu – French academic and jurist
  • Charles Fehrenbach – French astronomer, member of the French Academy of Sciences, and Director of the Observatoire de Haute Provence (OHP)
  • Henri Fluchère – chairman of the Société Française Shakespeare and a literary critic
  • John F. Forester – American planning theorist with a particular emphasis on participatory planning, former Chair of the Department of City and Regional Planning at Cornell University
  • Hippolyte Fortoul – Minister of the Navy and Colonies of France: Oct–Dec 1851; Minister of National Education of France/Minister of Public Worship of France: 1851–1856
  • Roland Fraïssé – French mathematical logician
  • Barry E. Friedman – American academic with an expertise in federal courts, working at the intersections of law, politics and history
  • Giorgio Gaja – judge of the International Court of Justice (ICJ): 2011–present
  • Jean-Félix Adolphe Gambart – French astronomer
  • Rick Gilmore – President/CEO of GIC Trade, Inc. (the GIC Group), Special External Advisor to the White House/USAID for the Private Sector/Global Food Security and Managing Director of the Global Food Safety Forum (GFSF) in Beijing
  • Victor Ginsburgh – Belgian economist
  • Jean-Pierre Giran – Member of the National Assembly of France: 1997–2002/2002–2007/2007–2012/2012–2017
  • Jean-Yves Girard – French logician
  • Sheldon Lee Glashow – American theoretical physicist, winner of the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics
  • Louis Godart – the chair of philology at the University of Naples Federico II
  • Lucien Golvin – French university professor who specialized in the study of art from the peoples of the Maghreb
  • Gérard Granel – French philosopher and translator
  • Gilles-Gaston Granger – French analytic philosopher
  • Pierre Gros – contemporary scholar of ancient Roman architecture and the Latin language
  • Maurice Gross – French linguist and scholar of Romance languages
  • Gene Grossman – the Jacob Viner Professor of International Economics at Princeton University
  • Alex Grossmann – Croatian-French physicist
  • Rudolf Haag – German physicist
  • Bernard Harcourt – the chair of the Political Science Department, professor of political science and the Julius Kreeger Professor of Law at the University of Chicago
  • Geoffrey C. Hazard, Jr. – Trustee Professor of Law at the University of Pennsylvania Law School, the Thomas E. Miller Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of California's Hastings College of the Law, and Sterling Professor Emeritus of Law at Yale Law School
  • Édouard Marie Heckel – French botanist and medical doctor, former director of the Jardin botanique E.M. Heckel, and founder of the Colonial Institute and Museum of Marseille
  • John H. Hubbard – American mathematician
  • Isao Imai – Japanese theoretical physicist
  • Douglas Johnson – advisor to the former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher on all matters concerning France
  • Ay?e I??l Karaka? – Turkish academic, judge of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR)
  • Daniel Kastler – French theoretical physicist
  • Jeane Kirkpatrick – United States Ambassador to the United Nations: 1981–1985
  • Antoine Émile Henry Labeyrie – French astronomer
  • Nora Lafi – French historian
  • Antonio Lanzavecchia – Italian immunologist
  • Lucien Laubier – French oceanographer
  • Jean-Louis Le Moigne – French specialist on systems theory and constructivist epistemology
  • Leonard Liggio – classical liberal author, research professor of law at George Mason University, and executive vice president of the Atlas Economic Research Foundation in Fairfax, Virginia
  • Peter Lindseth – the Olimpiad S. Ioffe Professor of International and Comparative Law and the Director of International Programs at the University of Connecticut School of Law
  • Leigh Lisker – American linguist and phonetician
  • Carlo Lottieri – Political Philosophy professor
  • John Loughlin – Director of the Von Hügel Institute, and a Senior Fellow and Affiliated Lecturer in the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Cambridge
  • Henry de Lumley – French archeologist, geologist and prehistorian
  • John L. Lumley – Professor Emeritus, Graduate Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Aerospace Engineering at Cornell University
  • Ejan Mackaay – Professor of Law at the Université de Montréal
  • Paolo Malanima – Italian economic historian
  • Roger Malina – physicist, astronomer, Executive Editor of Leonardo Publications at the MIT Press
  • Antoine Fortuné Marion – French naturalist
  • Audier Marius – the founder of the Institute of Social Gerontology (Institut de Gérontologie Sociale)
  • Hélène Masson-Maret – Member of the Senate of France
  • Antoine Mérindol – French physician, doctor to Louis XIII of France
  • Kunio Mikuriya – Secretary General of the World Customs Organization (WCO): 2009–present
  • Henry Mintzberg – academic and author on business and management, the Cleghorn Professor of Management Studies at the Desautels Faculty of Management of McGill University
  • Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay – Indian economist
  • John F. Murphy – American lawyer and a professor at Villanova University
  • John L. Murray – Chief Justice of Ireland: 2004–2011; Judge of the Supreme Court of Ireland: 1999–present; Judge of the European Court of Justice (ECJ): 1992–1999; Attorney General of Ireland: 1982/1987–1991
  • Nikolay Nenovsky – Bulgarian economist
  • Tuncer ?ren – Turkish/Canadian systems engineer, professor emeritus of Computer Science at the School of Information Technology and Engineering (SITE) of the University of Ottawa
  • Henri Padé – French mathematician
  • Gunasekaran Paramasamy – Vice-Chancellor of Thiruvalluvar University
  • Jules Payot – French educationist
  • Pierre Pestieau – Belgian economist
  • Jean-Pierre Petit – French scientist, senior researcher at National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) as an astrophysicist in Marseille Observatory
  • Mazarine Pingeot – French writer, journalist and professor, the daughter of former President of France, François Mitterrand
  • Marcin Odlanicki Poczobutt – Polish–Lithuanian Jesuit astronomer and mathematician, former Rector of Vilnius University
  • Nikolaos Politis – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Greece: 1916–1920
  • Jean-Louis Pons – French astronomer
  • Lucien-Anatole Prévost-Paradol – French journalist and essayist, member of the French Academy
  • Raymond Ranjeva – Member of the International Court of Justice (ICJ): 1991–2009; Vice-President of the International Court of Justice (ICJ): 2003–2006
  • Didier Raoult – French biology researcher
  • Rascas de Bagarris – founder of the science of historical numismatics and one of the most notable antiquaries of his time
  • Hjalte Rasmussen – former professor of EU Law at the University of Copenhagen
  • Serge Ricard – professor of American Civilization at the University of Paris III: Sorbonne Nouvelle
  • Urbano Tavares Rodrigues – Portuguese professor of literature, a literary critic and a fiction writer
  • Willy Ronis – French photographer
  • Michel Rosenfeld – Justice Sydney L. Robins Professor of Human Rights, Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, Yeshiva University
  • Charles Rostaing – French linguist specialising in toponymy
  • Carlo Rovelli – Italian physicist
  • Théodore Eugène César Ruyssen – French historian
  • Eli Salzberger – Law Professor at the University of Haifa Faculty of Law
  • Antonin Scalia – Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court: 1986–present
  • Bernhard Schlink – German jurist and writer
  • Mark Seidenberg – Hilldale and Donald O. Hebb Professor of Psychology at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and a Senior Scientist at Haskins Laboratories
  • Samah Selim – Egyptian scholar and translator of Arabic literature
  • Bernard Sellato – former Director of the Institute for Research on Southeast Asia
  • Roselyne Sibille – French poet
  • Joseph Jérôme, comte Siméon – Minister of National Education of France: Feb–Oct 1820; Minister of the Interior of France: 1820–1821; President of the Court of Financial Auditors of France: 1837–1839
  • Kenneth F. Simpson – a one-term Republican member of the United States House of Representatives
  • Ronald Sokol – American lawyer and writer
  • Étienne Souriau – French philosopher
  • Jean-Marie Souriau – French mathematician
  • Paul Souriau – French philosopher
  • William H. Starbuck – organizational scientist who held professorships in social relations (Johns Hopkins University), sociology (Cornell University), business administration (University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee), and management (New York University)
  • Édouard Stephan – French astronomer
  • Alec Stone Sweet – Leitner Professor of Law, Politics and International Studies at Yale Law School
  • Nikola Stoyanov – Bulgarian scientist, economist and financier
  • Symeon C. Symeonides – Dean of the Willamette University College of Law
  • Masamichi Takesaki – Japanese mathematician, professor at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and fellow of the American Mathematical Society
  • Eero Tarasti – Finnish musicologist and semiologist
  • Rafa? Taubenschlag – Polish historian of law, a specialist in Roman law and papyrology
  • Mark P. Taylor – the Dean of Warwick Business School (WBS) at the University of Warwick and an academic in the fields of International Finance and Economics
  • Wilhelm Tempel – German astronomer
  • Michael Tigar – American criminal defense attorney
  • Jose L. Torero – professor in fire safety engineering at the University of Edinburgh
  • Nicolas Tournadre – professor specializing in morphosyntax and typology, member of the LACITO lab of the CNRS
  • David Trotman – British mathematician
  • Benjamin Valz – French astronomer
  • Philippe Van Parijs – Belgian philosopher and political economist
  • Michel van den Abeele – former Director-General of the European Commission
  • Jean Varenne – French Indologist
  • Paul Veyne – French archaeologist and historian
  • Arundhati Virmani – Indian historian
  • John Waterbury – American academic, professor of politics and international affairs at Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs
  • Margaret Weitz – professor emeritus at Suffolk University
  • Dan Werthimer – co-founder and chief scientist of the SETI@home project
  • William E. Wilson – professor of fiction writing and literature at Indiana University
  • Józef Maria Hoene-Wro?ski – Polish Messianist philosopher
  • Francisco José Ynduráin – Spanish theoretical physicist
  • Andrey Zaliznyak – Russian linguist
  • Jules Sylvain Zeller – French historian, lecturer at Sorbonne University
  • Christoph Zürcher – professor of Political Science at the Free University of Berlin



See also

  • List of early modern universities in Europe
  • List of medieval universities

External links

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