Ateneum Theatre

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The Ateneum Theatre in Warsaw (Template:Lang-pl) is a Polish dramatic theatre founded in 1928. It resides in a building erected a year earlier in the interwar Poland as headquarters for the Professional Union of PKP Railway Workers with offices upstairs. After World War II, the severely damaged structure was restored to its former glory with public funds. The state-run theatre reopened in 1951; named after its first and already famous prewar director Stefan Jaracz.<ref name="" />


The Ateneum Theatre began as an experimental stage with strong socio-political profile, under an Avant-garde-inspired name The Outpost of Spoken Word (Placówka ?ywego S?owa). Its artistic manifesto was influenced by the mainly proletarian Warsaw neighbourhood of Powi?le in which is was established.<ref name="" />

Two years into its existence, the artistic direction of Ateneum was taken over by popular actor Stefan Jaracz (1930). He worked there until the Nazi-Soviet invasion of Poland, sharing his responsibilities with Leon Schiller in 1932–33 season,<ref name="Mokrzycka-Pokora">Template:Cite web</ref> and with Karol Adwentowicz (1934). Together, they raised the theatre's reputation as one of the leading voices for Poland's new intelligentsia.<ref name="portalwiedzy">Template:Cite web</ref> The groundbreaking performances included The Street Scene by Elmer Rice (1930), Danton's Death by Georg Büchner (1931), Senat Szale?ców by Holocaust victim Janusz Korczak (1931), the Tsar Lénine by François Porché (1932), and in the vein of political Zeittheater of the time, The Captain of Köpenick by Carl Zuckmayer (1932) and Roar China! by Sergei Tretyakov (1933); not to mention the popular Ladies and Husars (Damy i Huzary) by Aleksander Fredro (1932) and The Open House by Micha? Ba?ucki.<ref name="teatrateneum-premiery">Template:Cite web</ref><ref name="Bujanowicz">Template:Cite web</ref> Template:See also

The neighbourhood of Powi?le was almost completely destroyed by Nazi German bombardment during the Warsaw Uprising of 1944. The theatre was consumed by fire. It was practically rebuilt after the liberation, based on design by Wiktor Ballogh,<ref name="teatrateneum35">Template:Cite web</ref> with due consideration for its original look. The grand re-opening took place on July 22, 1951 with the première of Intervention by Lev Slavin in the spirit of socialist-realist doctrine imposed by the Communist Party in Stalinist Poland.<ref name="">Template:Cite web</ref> For the next forty years the theatre was under the direction of Janusz Warmi?ski (1922–1996) who managed to outlive and outgrow the Soviet system beyond the revolutions of 1989. Almost all prominent Polish actors performed at Ateneum throughout its existence including Jadwiga Andrzejewska, prof. Aleksander Bardini, Henryk Bista, Zbigniew Cybulski, Edward Dziewo?ski, Jerzy Duszy?ski, Tadeusz Fijewski, Adam Hanuszkiewicz, Gustaw Holoubek, Emil Karewicz, Bogumi? Kobiela, Jan Kociniak, Agnieszka Osiecka, Aleksandra ?l?ska, and Roman Wilhelmi among others.<ref name="teatrateneum35" />

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